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Total Plants: 22
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Asimina triloba Fruit 0.01 0.662 -0.7 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Citrullus colocynthis Petiole -- -- *
Citrus reticulata Fruit -- 3.0 1.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limon Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cocos nucifera Seed 4100.0 50330.0 1.0 *
Cocos nucifera Endosperm -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ephedra sinica Shoot -- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root -- 1.0 Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Houttuynia cordata Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Essential Oil -- -- *
Morinda citrifolia Fruit -- 0.66 -0.7 *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 10.0 1.0 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- -- -1.0 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Pelargonium citrosum Shoot -- 90.0 1.4 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Rheum palmatum Rhizome -- 2.5 *
Satureja parvifolia Shoot -- -- -1.0 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja odora Shoot -- 25.0 -0.4 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Scutellaria baicalensis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.