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Total Plants: 78
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit -- -- Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus esculentus Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Aegle marmelos Leaf -- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Aloysia citrodora Plant 180.0 2730.0 -0.5 *
Aniba rosaeodora Essential Oil -- 1500.0 -0.8 *
Anisomeles malabarica Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
Artemisia dracunculus Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Citrullus colocynthis Petiole -- -- *
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrus limon Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus limon Essential Oil 250.0 300.0 -0.8 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus limon Fruit Essent. Oil -- 6000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisi Fruit -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Citrus medica Pericarp -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Essential Oil -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Cnicus benedictus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Conyza canadensis Plant -- -- *
Cymbopogon flexuosus Leaf 250.0 4250.0 -1.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cymbopogon citratus Plant 1080.0 25500.0 1.9 *
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant 8.0 14.0 -0.8 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Daucus carota Seed -- 200.0 *
Elsholtzia nipponica Plant -- -- Hegnauer, R. 1962-1997. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11. Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Boston, Berlin.
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus globulus Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Fragaria spp Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus annuus Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Humulus lupulus Essential Oil -- -- *
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- -- *
Lippia alba Plant -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Magnolia kobus Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Magnolia fargesii Flower -- -- *
Melaleuca viridiflora Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melissa officinalis Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mentha x rotundifolia Shoot 9.0 150.0 1.0 *
Monarda citriodora Plant -- -- *
Nepeta cataria Plant -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 560.0 7000.0 -0.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant -- -- *
Ocimum canum Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ocimum gratissimum Plant -- -- Tramil
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- 700000.0 1.7 *
Origanum majorana Plant -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Perilla frutescens Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Perilla frutescens Essential Oil -- 200000.0 -0.1 *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf 8000.0 31200.0 1.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Pinus sylvestris Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Psidium guajava Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa gallica Flower -- -- *
Rosa centifolia Essential Oil -- -- *
Salvia officinalis Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Salvia sclarea Plant 75.0 920.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Sassafras albidum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja obovata Shoot 60.0 110.0 -1.0 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Schisandra chinensis Essential Oil -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Skimmia arborescens Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Stachytarpheta cayennensis Plant -- -- *
Tagetes filifolia Essential Oil -- -- Fester, G. A., Gargallo, M. A., Martinuzzi, E. A. 1947. Some Volatile Essential Oils From San Luis y Cordoba. An Soc Cient Argent 144: 457-471. Fac Quim Ind + Agr Santa Fe Argentina
Tagetes minuta Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tagetes minuta Essential Oil -- -- *
Thymus serpyllum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thymus vulgaris Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Urtica dioica Plant -- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Verbena officinalis Plant -- -- *
Zanthoxylum alatum Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 13500.0 *
Zingiber officinale Root -- 13500.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 130000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.