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Total Plants: 78
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Pimenta racemosa Leaf 8000.0 31200.0 1.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cymbopogon citratus Plant 1080.0 25500.0 1.9 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 560.0 7000.0 -0.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Citrus limon Essential Oil 250.0 300.0 -0.8 *
Cymbopogon flexuosus Leaf 250.0 4250.0 -1.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Aloysia citrodora Plant 180.0 2730.0 -0.5 *
Salvia sclarea Plant 75.0 920.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Satureja obovata Shoot 60.0 110.0 -1.0 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Mentha x rotundifolia Shoot 9.0 150.0 1.0 *
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant 8.0 14.0 -0.8 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Zingiber officinale Root -- 13500.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 13500.0 *
Origanum majorana Plant -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant -- -- *
Tagetes minuta Essential Oil -- -- *
Tagetes minuta Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thymus serpyllum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Nepeta cataria Plant -- -- *
Citrus limon Fruit Essent. Oil -- 6000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limon Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus medica Pericarp -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgare Seed Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Rosa gallica Flower -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- 700000.0 1.7 *
Humulus lupulus Essential Oil -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Essential Oil -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Conyza canadensis Plant -- -- *
Urtica dioica Plant -- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Tagetes filifolia Essential Oil -- -- Fester, G. A., Gargallo, M. A., Martinuzzi, E. A. 1947. Some Volatile Essential Oils From San Luis y Cordoba. An Soc Cient Argent 144: 457-471. Fac Quim Ind + Agr Santa Fe Argentina
Psidium guajava Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Stachytarpheta cayennensis Plant -- -- *
Ocimum gratissimum Plant -- -- Tramil
Anisomeles malabarica Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
Ocimum canum Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sassafras albidum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Fragaria spp Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus sylvestris Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus paradisi Fruit -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Eucalyptus globulus Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Magnolia fargesii Flower -- -- *
Thymus vulgaris Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Melaleuca viridiflora Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 130000.0 *
Monarda citriodora Plant -- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Artemisia dracunculus Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Cnicus benedictus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Magnolia kobus Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Skimmia arborescens Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Lippia alba Plant -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit -- -- Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus esculentus Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Aniba rosaeodora Essential Oil -- 1500.0 -0.8 *
Perilla frutescens Essential Oil -- 200000.0 -0.1 *
Melissa officinalis Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Schisandra chinensis Essential Oil -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Perilla frutescens Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Aegle marmelos Leaf -- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Helianthus annuus Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Rosa centifolia Essential Oil -- -- *
Daucus carota Seed -- 200.0 *
Verbena officinalis Plant -- -- *
Elsholtzia nipponica Plant -- -- Hegnauer, R. 1962-1997. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11. Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Boston, Berlin.
Zanthoxylum alatum Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrullus colocynthis Petiole -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Salvia officinalis Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.