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Total Plants: 78
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 130000.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 13500.0 *
Zingiber officinale Root -- 13500.0 *
Zanthoxylum alatum Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Verbena officinalis Plant -- -- *
Urtica dioica Plant -- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Thymus vulgaris Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Thymus serpyllum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tagetes minuta Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tagetes minuta Essential Oil -- -- *
Tagetes filifolia Essential Oil -- -- Fester, G. A., Gargallo, M. A., Martinuzzi, E. A. 1947. Some Volatile Essential Oils From San Luis y Cordoba. An Soc Cient Argent 144: 457-471. Fac Quim Ind + Agr Santa Fe Argentina
Stachytarpheta cayennensis Plant -- -- *
Skimmia arborescens Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Schisandra chinensis Essential Oil -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Satureja obovata Shoot 60.0 110.0 -1.0 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Sassafras albidum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salvia sclarea Plant 75.0 920.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Salvia officinalis Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Rosa gallica Flower -- -- *
Rosa centifolia Essential Oil -- -- *
Psidium guajava Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus sylvestris Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Pimenta racemosa Leaf 8000.0 31200.0 1.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Perilla frutescens Essential Oil -- 200000.0 -0.1 *
Perilla frutescens Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Panax ginseng Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Origanum majorana Plant -- -- *
Ocimum gratissimum Plant -- -- Tramil
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- 700000.0 1.7 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 560.0 7000.0 -0.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum canum Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nepeta cataria Plant -- -- *
Monarda citriodora Plant -- -- *
Mentha x rotundifolia Shoot 9.0 150.0 1.0 *
Melissa officinalis Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melaleuca viridiflora Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Magnolia fargesii Flower -- -- *
Magnolia kobus Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Lippia alba Plant -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Humulus lupulus Essential Oil -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Fragaria spp Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgare Seed Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus globulus Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Elsholtzia nipponica Plant -- -- Hegnauer, R. 1962-1997. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11. Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Boston, Berlin.
Daucus carota Seed -- 200.0 *
Cymbopogon flexuosus Leaf 250.0 4250.0 -1.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cymbopogon citratus Plant 1080.0 25500.0 1.9 *
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant 8.0 14.0 -0.8 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Conyza canadensis Plant -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Essential Oil -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Cnicus benedictus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limon Essential Oil 250.0 300.0 -0.8 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus limon Fruit Essent. Oil -- 6000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisi Fruit -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Citrus medica Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus limon Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrullus colocynthis Petiole -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Anisomeles malabarica Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
Aniba rosaeodora Essential Oil -- 1500.0 -0.8 *
Aloysia citrodora Plant 180.0 2730.0 -0.5 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Aegle marmelos Leaf -- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Abelmoschus esculentus Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit -- -- Wealth of India.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.