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Total Plants: 78
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- 700000.0 1.7 *
Perilla frutescens Essential Oil -- 200000.0 -0.1 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 130000.0 *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf 8000.0 31200.0 1.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cymbopogon citratus Plant 1080.0 25500.0 1.9 *
Zingiber officinale Root -- 13500.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 13500.0 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 560.0 7000.0 -0.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Citrus limon Fruit Essent. Oil -- 6000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Cymbopogon flexuosus Leaf 250.0 4250.0 -1.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Aloysia citrodora Plant 180.0 2730.0 -0.5 *
Aniba rosaeodora Essential Oil -- 1500.0 -0.8 *
Salvia sclarea Plant 75.0 920.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Citrus limon Essential Oil 250.0 300.0 -0.8 *
Daucus carota Seed -- 200.0 *
Mentha x rotundifolia Shoot 9.0 150.0 1.0 *
Satureja obovata Shoot 60.0 110.0 -1.0 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant 8.0 14.0 -0.8 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Origanum majorana Plant -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.