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Total Plants: 33
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Commiphora myrrha Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rosa damascena Essential Oil -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- 1.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower -- 1.0 -1.0 *
Hyacinthus orientalis Flower 0.48 6.9 1.0 *
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark 80.0 20550.0 -1.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 6000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil 9700.0 31000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil 302000.0 765000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Essential Oil -- 800000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.