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Total Plants: 33
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil 302000.0 765000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil 9700.0 31000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Root -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 6000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Essential Oil -- 800000.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark 80.0 20550.0 -1.0 *
Cnicus benedictus Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Cnicus benedictus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cnicus benedictus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Commiphora myrrha Essential Oil -- -- *
Commiphora myrrha Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Ficus carica Fruit -- -- *
Hyacinthus orientalis Flower 0.48 6.9 1.0 *
Lavandula sp Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit -- -- *
Melaleuca bracteata Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Pimenta dioica Plant -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- -- *
Rosa damascena Essential Oil -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower -- 1.0 -1.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- 1.0 *
Tamarindus indica Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Fruit -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.