Data Views

Total Plants: 33
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Hyacinthus orientalis Flower 0.48 6.9 1.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 6000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower -- 1.0 -1.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark 80.0 20550.0 -1.0 *
Vitis vinifera Fruit -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Root -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Essential Oil -- 800000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil 9700.0 31000.0 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil 302000.0 765000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- 1.0 *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cnicus benedictus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Tamarindus indica Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Melaleuca bracteata Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit -- -- *
Commiphora myrrha Essential Oil -- -- *
Pimenta dioica Plant -- -- *
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 *
Lavandula sp Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Ficus carica Fruit -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit -- -- *
Commiphora myrrha Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rosa damascena Essential Oil -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.