Data Views

Total Plants: 12
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Cichorium intybus Leaf -- -- *
Echinacea pallida Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea purpurea Flower 12000.0 31000.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Echinacea pallida Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea spp Flower 12000.0 31000.0 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Echinacea angustifolia Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Echinacea pallida Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea purpurea Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea purpurea Root 123.0 21000.0 *
Echinacea pallida Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea spp Root 6000.0 21000.0 *
Pteridium aquilinum Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.