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Total Plants: 17
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Pimenta dioica Fruit 1400.0 2400.0 1.4 *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 465.0 510.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 465.0 510.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum majorana Plant 138.0 791.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper betel Leaf 100.0 7000.0 -1.0 *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf -- 8580.0 1.0 *
Tagetes lucida Shoot -- -- Bicchi, C., Fresia, M., Rubiolo, P., Monti, D., Franz, C., Goehler, I. 1997. Constituents of Tagetes lucida Cav. ssp. lucida essential oil. Flavor & Fragrance, 12(1): 47-52.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- -- *
Pimenta dioica Leaf -- -- *
Agastache rugosa Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 3.0 -0.7 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 3.0 -0.7 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ananas comosus Fruit -- 0.27 -0.9 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Melia azedarach Wood -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.