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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Rosmarinus officinalis Essential Oil 40000.0 106000.0 2.5 *
Salvia officinalis Essential Oil 30200.0 60700.0 1.1 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 28000.0 66400.0 1.5 *
Pinus roxburghii Resin, Exudate, Sap 12000.0 55000.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus kesiya Resin, Exudate, Sap 10000.0 20000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus insularis Resin, Exudate, Sap 10000.0 20000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Petroselinum crispum Fruit Essent. Oil 7000.0 20800.0 1.4 *
Abies sachalinensis Branches 4160.0 4680.0 *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf Essent. Oil 4000.0 5100.0 -0.7 *
Coriandrum sativum Seed Essent. Oil 2100.0 7600.0 1.3 *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil 2000.0 4000.0 -0.6 *
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 4000.0 -0.1 *
Origanum vulgare Shoot Essent. Oil 1500.0 10500.0 -0.2 *
Satureja douglasii Plant 1183.0 2795.0 4.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot 1035.0 2280.0 0.1 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil 1000.0 1400.0 -1.0 *
Satureja obovata Shoot 850.0 1305.0 -0.0 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Pycnanthemum montanum Shoot 833.0 952.0 -0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus eriocalyx Shoot 735.0 1375.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus eriocalyx Shoot 735.0 1375.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus tomentosus Shoot 590.0 960.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Abies alba Leaf 528.0 738.0 0.1 *
Abies balsamea Plant 440.0 950.0 1.0 *
Rosmarinus x mendizabalii Shoot 430.0 605.0 -0.1 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot 355.0 1435.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Pycnanthemum loomisii Shoot 330.0 1260.0 -0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum basilicum Leaf Essent. Oil 300.0 900.0 -0.8 *
Ocimum kilimandscharicum Flower 240.0 400.0 1.4 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceus Shoot 210.0 1245.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Abies spectabilis Leaf 175.0 465.0 -0.0 *
Salvia triloba Plant 170.0 1200.0 1.4 *
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 150.0 252.0 -0.2 *
Cymbopogon nardus Plant 150.0 960.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ocimum kilimandscharicum Leaf 105.0 205.0 -0.1 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil 100.0 7000.0 -0.5 *
Monarda didyma Leaf 90.0 170.0 -0.1 *
Thymus zygis Shoot 90.0 550.0 -0.1 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Myristica fragrans Seed 80.0 640.0 0.6 *
Origanum minutiflorum Shoot 65.0 150.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Lavandula x hybrida Shoot 55.0 85.0 -0.1 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 50.0 80.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Peumus boldus Leaf 30.0 150.0 -0.1 *
Lavandula x intermedia Plant 26.0 60.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula latifolia Plant 25.0 231.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didyma Plant 25.0 320.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Laurus nobilis Leaf 24.0 186.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 23.0 2350.0 3.4 *
Lindera benzoin Fruit 22.0 40.0 -0.3 *
Pycnanthemum setosum Shoot 20.0 31.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Salvia officinalis Leaf 20.0 18592.0 6.8 *
Thymus mastichina Plant 20.0 140.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verum Leaf 20.0 40.0 -0.2 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 18.0 72.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lindera benzoin Twig 17.0 26.0 *
Monarda media Plant 15.0 231.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus vulgaris Plant 15.0 375.0 0.0 *
Artemisia annua Plant 12.0 920.0 1.0 *
Cistus ladaniferus Leaf 11.0 770.0 0.1 *
Monarda punctata Plant 10.0 1080.0 1.2 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 10.0 540.0 0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Acorus calamus Rhizome 10.0 460.0 -1.0 *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 10.0 30.0 -0.3 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 10.0 540.0 -0.1 *
Myrtus communis Plant 8.0 30.0 -0.6 *
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Plant 8.0 30.0 -0.6 Wealth of India.
Eucalyptus nova-anglica Leaf 8.0 15.0 -0.2 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Levisticum officinale Root 7.0 70.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum virginianum Shoot 6.0 87.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodora Plant 6.0 25.0 -0.6 *
Hyssopus officinalis Leaf 6.0 80.0 -0.2 *
Ageratum conyzoides Plant 5.0 38.0 -0.5 *
Lycopus virginicus Plant 3.0 8.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Petroselinum crispum Seed 3.0 490.0 0.1 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 3.0 65.0 -0.8 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 2.0 25.0 -0.2 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Shoot 2.0 420.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja montana Plant 2.0 85.0 -0.5 *
Litsea glaucescens Shoot 2.0 4.0 -0.1 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Sideritis mugronensis Flower 2.0 3.0 -0.7 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Achillea millefolium Leaf 2.0 600.0 0.0 *
Angelica archangelica Root 2.0 130.0 1.4 *
Citrus limon Essential Oil 2.0 50.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 2.0 155.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Juniperus communis Fruit 1.0 100.0 -0.3 *
Mentha pulegium Plant 1.0 70.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Monarda fistulosa Plant 1.0 856.0 0.9 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum muticum Shoot 1.0 50.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carvi Seed 1.0 900.0 1.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus serpyllum Plant 1.0 19.0 -0.6 *
Ocimum gratissimum Plant 1.0 240.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache foeniculum Plant 1.0 35.0 -0.5 *
Cleonia lusitanica Leaf 1.0 5.0 -0.2 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Micromeria congesta Leaf 1.0 5.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Hypericum perforatum Plant 1.0 18.0 -0.6 *
Micromeria fruticosa Leaf 1.0 1.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Origanum vulgare Plant 1.0 64.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carvi Fruit 1.0 900.0 0.0 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 1.0 40.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Daucus carota Seed 1.0 70.0 -1.3 *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf 1.0 20.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Glechoma hederacea Plant 1.0 3.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Salvia dorisiana Shoot 0.8 1.0 -0.1 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Sideritis mugronensis Leaf 0.5 1.0 -0.2 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf 0.2 14.0 -0.2 *
Mentha longifolia Shoot -- 385.0 -0.1 *
Mentha x rotundifolia Leaf -- 20.0 -0.2 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 400.0 0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Valeriana officinalis Leaf -- 130.0 -0.1 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Hedeoma drummondii Plant -- 900.0 0.9 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Laurus nobilis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.6 *
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 30.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Illicium verum Fruit -- 1.0 -0.4 *
Cannabis sativa Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Cannabis sativa Flower Essent. Oil -- -- *
Juniperus sabina Plant -- -- *
Cannabis sativa Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Kaempferia galanga Plant -- -- *
Cannabis sativa Essential Oil -- -- *
Larrea tridentata Plant -- -- *
Cannabis sativa Plant -- -- *
Lavandula angustifolia Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lepechinia calycina Plant -- 390.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lepechinia schiediana Plant -- 40.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Houttuynia cordata Essential Oil -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Bark -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Bulb -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Flower -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Leaf -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Twig -- -- *
Magnolia officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Marrubium vulgare Plant -- -- *
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Lindera benzoin Leaf -- 2.0 -0.2 *
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Plant -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Piper auritum Leaf -- -- Tramil
Monarda clinopodia Plant -- 88.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didyma Flower -- 10.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Monarda lindheimeri Plant -- 21.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Tanacetum parthenium Fruit Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.3 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Shoot Essent. Oil -- 500.0 -0.8 *
Tanacetum parthenium Essential Oil -- 54000.0 0.9 *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- 900.0 -0.7 *
Tanacetum parthenium Leaf Essent. Oil -- 30000.0 0.2 *
Oenanthe aquatica Fruit -- -- *
Oenanthe javanica Shoot -- -- *
Origanum onites Plant -- 28.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum onites Shoot -- 370.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum onites Shoot -- 370.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Pastinaca sativa Root -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Leaf -- 0.24 -0.2 *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- 119.0 -0.3 *
Pinus elliottii Leaf -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus mugo Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Pinus palustris Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- 120.0 -0.3 *
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- -- *
Pycnanthemum beadlei Shoot -- 7.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum curvipes Shoot -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Essent. Oil -- 66000.0 1.0 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Pycnanthemum torreyi Shoot -- 10.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ribes nigrum Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa damascena Essential Oil -- -- *
Apium graveolens Seed -- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf -- 23.0 -0.2 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf -- 23.0 -0.2 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot -- 335.0 -0.1 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Citrus paradisi Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus sinensis Fruit -- 0.1 -0.4 *
Salvia sclarea Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Kaempferia galanga Rhizome -- -- *
Satureja hortensis Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- 119.0 -1.2 *
Pimpinella anisum Essential Oil -- -- *
Saussurea lappa Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Schinus molle Fruit -- -- *
Curcuma longa Tuber -- -- *
Thuja occidentalis Branches -- -- *
Curcuma longa Rhizome -- -- *
Thymus capitatus Plant -- 10.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgare Seed Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Thymus capitatus Shoot -- 7.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 126000.0 *
Zingiber officinale Essential Oil -- -- *
Thymus orospedanus Plant -- 578.0 0.4 J. Nat. Prod.
Psidium guajava Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- *
Centella asiatica Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Marrubium vulgare Essential Oil -- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanum Flower Essent. Oil -- 83000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Hyssopus officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Eucalyptus globulus Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Juniperus communis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Eucalyptus globulus Essential Oil -- 9000.0 -0.4 *
Callicarpa americana Leaf -- 0.55 -0.2 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 3080.0 1.0 *
Juniperus communis Essential Oil -- -- *
Coleus barbatus Root Essent. Oil -- 64000.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 11200.0 -0.5 Jim Duke's personal files.
Melaleuca alternifolia Leaf -- 0.001 -0.2 *
Coleus barbatus Stem Essent. Oil -- 11200.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Eucalyptus albens Shoot -- 9.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Ocimum gratissimum Shoot -- 29.0 -0.1 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Eucalyptus astringens Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus blakelyi Shoot -- 3055.0 0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus bosistoana Shoot -- 30.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Calamintha nepeta Leaf -- -- Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Citrus limon Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Calamintha nepeta Shoot -- 1.0 -0.1 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Elsholtzia blanda Shoot -- 0.4 -0.1 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Eucalyptus botryoides Shoot -- 35.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Micromeria myrtifolia Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Eucalyptus brassiana Leaf -- 6.0 -0.2 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Acinos alpinus Shoot -- 0.5 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Acinos alpinus Shoot -- 0.5 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Eucalyptus citriodora Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus cladocalyx Shoot -- 10.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus dealbata Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Agastache nepetoides Plant -- 1.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus diversicolor Shoot -- 25.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Acinos suaveolens Shoot -- 900.0 -0.1 Jim Duke's personal files.
Eucalyptus globulus Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Salvia officinalis Et -- 47000.0 *
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Eucalyptus maculata Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- -- Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Eucalyptus maideni Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus melliodora Shoot -- 35.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Coridothymus capitatus Shoot -- 22.0 -0.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Eucalyptus moluccana Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Elsholtzia cristata Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Kobold, U., Vostrowsky, O., Bestmann, H.J., Bisht, J.C., Pant, A.K., Melkani, A.B. and Mathela, C.S. 1987. Terpenoids from Elsholtzia Species; II. Constituents of Essential Oil from a New Chemotype of Elsholtzia cristata. Planta Medica 1987: 268-271.
Eucalyptus occidentalis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Piper nigrum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Elsholtzia pilosa Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 *
Eucalyptus oviformis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- -- -0.2 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Tagetes filifolia Shoot -- -- *
Eucalyptus paniculata Shoot -- 10.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- -- -0.2 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Eucalyptus polyanthemos Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus punctata Shoot -- 65.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Origanum vulgare Essential Oil -- 5100.0 -0.5 *
Eucalyptus saligna Shoot -- 27.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Murraya koenigii Leaf -- 5.0 -0.2 *
Micromeria croatica Leaf -- 30.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus siderophloia Shoot -- 11.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Micromeria dalmatica Leaf -- 6.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus sideroxylon Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Tanacetum parthenium Shoot -- 95.0 -0.1 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Micromeria juliana Leaf -- 25.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus tereticornis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Micromeria teneriffae Leaf -- 470.0 -0.0 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Boswellia serrata Essential Oil -- -- *
Micromeria thymifolia Leaf -- 1.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Mentha pulegium Shoot -- -- *
Ocimum canum Shoot -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Chrysanthemum parthenium Shoot -- 95.0 -0.1 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- 65.0 -0.2 Brophy, J.J., Goldsack, R.J., and Clarkson, J.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (Lamiaceae) Growing in Northern Australia, J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 459-461.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 85000.0 2.1 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot Essent. Oil -- 38100.0 1.7 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- -- *
Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil -- 4100.0 -0.6 *
Salvia canariensis Leaf -- 575.0 0.0 Casnigueral,S., Iglesias,J., Vila,R., Virgili,A. and Ibanez,C.1994. The Essential Oil from Leaves of Salvia canariensis L. Flav. & Frag. J. 9:201-204. S. Canigueral, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Ave.Diagonal 643,E-08028, Barcelone Spain
Valeriana officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Rhizome Essent. Oil -- -- *
Salvia gilliesii Shoot -- 3.5 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Valeriana officinalis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Satureja cilicica Shoot -- 60.0 -0.1 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Valeriana officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -0.7 *
Satureja cuneifolia Shoot -- 145.0 -0.1 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Satureja odora Shoot -- 18.0 -0.1 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja parvifolia Shoot -- 19.0 -0.1 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja subspicata Plant -- 4.0 -0.6 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Citrus limon Petiole -- 3.0 *
Satureja thymbra Shoot -- 150.0 -0.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Sideritis athoa Shoot -- 2.0 -0.1 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Sideritis pauli Shoot -- 6.0 -0.1 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Teucrium asiaticum Shoot -- -- Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium cyprium Leaf -- -- -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Perilla frutescens Shoot Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.7 Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Teucrium divaricatum Leaf -- 3.0 -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium kotschyanum Leaf -- -- -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium micropodioides Leaf -- 8.0 -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium pseudoscorodonia Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Teucrium salviastrum Shoot -- -- Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Thymus broussonettii Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Thymus riatarum Shoot -- 275.0 -0.1 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Thymus saturejoides Shoot -- 2740.0 0.1 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- 7.0 -0.1 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- 7.0 -0.1 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Nepeta racemosa Shoot -- 3.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosa Shoot -- 3.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 590.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 25.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 590.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Artemisia dracunculus Essential Oil -- -- *
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 25.0 -0.1 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Cuminum cyminum Seed Essent. Oil -- 400.0 -1.5 *
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 1.0 -0.6 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Shoot -- 45.0 -0.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 60.0 -0.5 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 1.0 -0.6 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 0.5 -0.6 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 170.0 -0.1 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 520.0 0.0 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 130.0 -0.1 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 170.0 -0.1 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Teucrium oxylepis Shoot -- 0.2 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium oxylepis Shoot -- 0.39 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium scorodonia Shoot -- 0.05 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 8.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 3.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus zygis Shoot -- -- Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Myrciaria dubia Fruit -- -- *
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 6.0 -0.1 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 6.0 -0.1 *
Thymus x citriodorus Plant -- 80.0 -0.5 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 470.0 -0.1 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 470.0 -0.1 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Artemisia salsoloides Shoot -- 24500.0 2.1 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Citrus aurantium Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ageratum conyzoides Shoot -- 3060.0 0.1 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Aloysia citrodora Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Amomum xanthioides Seed -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Plant -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Aniba rosaeodora Essential Oil -- -- *
Apium graveolens Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.8 *
Aralia cordata Stem -- 3.0 *
Agathosma betulina Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Artemisia absinthium Plant -- -- *
Artemisia capillaris Essential Oil -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- -- *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- -- *
Capsicum annuum Fruit -- -- *
Boswellia sacra Resin Essent. Oil -- 0.7 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Carum carvi Plant -- 30.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Chrysanthemum balsamita Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Cinnamomum camphora Plant -- -- *
Sassafras albidum Leaf -- -- -0.2 *
Cinnamomum camphora Leaf -- 5.0 -0.2 *
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Cyperus rotundus Root -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Dictamnus albus Shoot -- 0.7 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Lantana camara Shoot -- 13.0 -0.1 *
Dictamnus albus Shoot -- 1.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albus Shoot -- 0.7 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Pinus sylvestris Essential Oil -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Leaf Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 0.4 *
Angelica archangelica Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Angelica archangelica Fruit -- -- *
Ferula gummosa Essential Oil -- -- *
Ferula jaeschkeana Fruit -- 9500.0 3.6 *
Alpinia officinarum Rhizome -- -- Wealth of India.
Gossypium sp Plant -- -- *
Satureja montana Essential Oil -- 3100.0 -0.6 *
Hedeoma hispida Plant -- 66.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Petroselinum crispum Fruit -- -- *
Hedeoma reverchonii Plant -- 460.0 0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Petroselinum crispum Seed Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 0.3 *
Helianthus annuus Essential Oil -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coriandrum sativum Essential Oil -- -- *
Hyptis suaveolens Shoot -- 4.0 -0.1 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyptis suaveolens Shoot -- 4.0 -0.1 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 115000.0 10.5 *
Tagetes minuta Essential Oil -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.