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Total Plants: 401
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 126000.0 *
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 115000.0 10.5 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Essential Oil 40000.0 106000.0 2.5 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 85000.0 2.1 *
Aesculus hippocastanum Flower Essent. Oil -- 83000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Salvia officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 28000.0 66400.0 1.5 *
Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Essent. Oil -- 66000.0 1.0 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Coleus barbatus Root Essent. Oil -- 64000.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Salvia officinalis Essential Oil 30200.0 60700.0 1.1 *
Pinus roxburghii Resin, Exudate, Sap 12000.0 55000.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tanacetum parthenium Essential Oil -- 54000.0 0.9 *
Salvia officinalis Et -- 47000.0 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot Essent. Oil -- 38100.0 1.7 *
Pinus sylvestris Leaf Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 0.4 *
Tanacetum parthenium Leaf Essent. Oil -- 30000.0 0.2 *
Artemisia salsoloides Shoot -- 24500.0 2.1 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Petroselinum crispum Fruit Essent. Oil 7000.0 20800.0 1.4 *
Pinus kesiya Resin, Exudate, Sap 10000.0 20000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus insularis Resin, Exudate, Sap 10000.0 20000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Salvia officinalis Leaf 20.0 18592.0 6.8 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.