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Total Plants: 841
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 810.0 8100.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus manihot Leaf 724.0 6241.0 -0.8 *
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed 2100.0 2820.0 -0.2 *
Abrus precatorius Leaf 1266.0 2660.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Seed -- 5600.0 0.3 *
Acacia senegal Leaf -- 7500.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 930.0 5003.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- 22700.0 0.3 *
Acacia nilotica Plant -- -- *
Acacia catechu Leaf -- 27400.0 0.6 *
Acacia tortilis Fruit -- 7900.0 0.9 *
Acacia farnesiana Seed 3900.0 5500.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indica Leaf 6670.0 34205.0 1.1 Wealth of India.
Acanthopanax gracilistylis Root Bark -- 12600.0 -0.6 *
Achillea millefolium Plant 1535.0 8670.0 -0.5 *
Achyranthes bidentata Root 1130.0 52200.0 4.9 *
Aconitum carmichaelii Tuber -- 2550.0 -0.4 *
Acorus calamus Rhizome -- 7040.0 0.0 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Acrocomia totai Seed -- 800.0 -0.6 *
Acrocomia totai Fruit -- 900.0 -0.7 *
Actaea racemosa Root -- 5970.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actaea dahurica Rhizome -- 9750.0 0.6 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 160.0 1910.0 -0.4 *
Aegle marmelos Fruit 850.0 2205.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum melegueta Fruit 750.0 9500.0 1.3 *
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 38800.0 1.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Akebia quinata Stem -- 19000.0 0.0 *
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- 1720.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Albizia julibrissin Bark -- 35500.0 1.6 *
Albizia lebbeck Leaf 10100.0 104000.0 5.8 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccana Seed 800.0 860.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Alisma plantago-aquatica Rhizome 1630.0 3430.0 -0.8 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 690.0 11140.0 -0.5 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower 250.0 2155.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Bulb 200.0 3008.0 0.1 *
Allium ampeloprasum Flower 230.0 1361.0 -1.2 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot 120.0 538.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 130.0 4947.0 1.2 *
Allium ampeloprasum Root 520.0 3796.0 -0.4 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf 580.0 4265.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Leaf 420.0 5385.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 520.0 5472.0 -0.9 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 315.0 850.0 -0.7 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 281.0 1875.0 -0.6 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Leaf 570.0 15700.0 -0.2 *
Aloe vera Leaf 190.0 4600.0 -0.9 *
Aloe spp. Leaf 23.0 4600.0 -0.9 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 310.0 2199.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalis Root 881.0 8160.0 0.1 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 1559.0 53333.0 2.4 *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 4760.0 53335.0 2.4 *
Amomum xanthioides Seed -- 5090.0 0.2 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Shoot -- 15200.0 0.0 *
Amorphophallus konjac Root -- 234.0 -0.8 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 260.0 5720.0 -0.2 *
Amorphophallus konjac Leaf 170.0 6538.0 -0.8 *
Amphicarpaea bracteata Shoot -- 17300.0 0.2 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 100.0 833.0 -0.7 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 240.0 823.0 -0.6 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 62.0 1308.0 -0.6 *
Anemarrhena asphodeloides Rhizome 10900.0 11600.0 1.0 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 14003.0 17671.0 2.5 *
Anethum graveolens Plant 1900.0 21453.0 0.8 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 14003.0 17671.0 3.2 *
Angelica dahurica Root -- 2140.0 -0.6 *
Angelica sinensis Root 620.0 2820.0 -0.5 *
Angelica laxiflora Root -- 3800.0 -0.4 *
Annona squamosa Fruit 216.0 1335.0 -0.6 *
Annona cherimola Seed 860.0 1110.0 -0.6 *
Annona cherimola Fruit 78.0 1455.0 -0.6 *
Annona diversifolia Fruit 315.0 1110.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona reticulata Fruit 176.0 1270.0 -0.6 *
Annona glabra Fruit 520.0 3940.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosa Leaf -- 21200.0 0.2 *
Annona muricata Fruit 140.0 2600.0 -0.3 *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf -- 30300.0 0.8 *
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf 13460.0 14509.0 -0.3 *
Apium graveolens Root 340.0 3635.0 -0.4 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Apium graveolens Fruit 1680.0 8000.0 1.0 *
Apium graveolens Pt 313.0 11918.0 -1.4 *
Apium graveolens Seed 170.0 20776.0 3.1 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 9300.0 31500.0 1.9 *
Arachis hypogaea Leaf 2620.0 21500.0 0.2 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 560.0 969.0 -0.6 *
Aralia cordata Leaf 130.0 2765.0 -1.1 *
Arctium lappa Root 1723.0 7330.0 -0.0 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 1264.0 10900.0 -0.5 *
Areca catechu Sprout Seedling -- 60.0 -0.7 *
Areca catechu Seed 500.0 1050.0 -0.6 *
Arisaema consanguineum Rhizome -- 1550.0 -1.2 *
Aristolochia debilis Fruit -- 1740.0 -0.5 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 1800.0 10000.0 0.3 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 190.0 655.0 -0.7 *
Artemisia vulgaris Shoot -- 8600.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculus Plant 11390.0 12340.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgaris Plant 8000.0 11000.0 -0.3 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia capillaris Plant -- 15200.0 0.2 *
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf 820.0 6455.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 200.0 1735.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 110.0 825.0 -0.6 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Seed 500.0 1033.0 -0.6 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 170.0 1950.0 -0.4 *
Arundo donax Plant -- 4900.0 -0.9 *
Asiasarum heterotropoides Root 7450.0 12900.0 0.6 *
Asiasarum sieboldii Root 7450.0 12900.0 0.6 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 530.0 3248.0 -0.1 *
Aspalathus linearis Leaf -- -- *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- 2000.0 -0.9 *
Aspalathus linearis Plant -- 90.0 -1.4 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 160.0 3840.0 -0.8 *
Asparagus lucidus Root -- 1810.0 -0.6 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 265.0 2650.0 -0.5 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root 560.0 3500.0 -0.4 *
Atractylodes ovata Rhizome 5800.0 11600.0 1.0 *
Atractylodes lancea Rhizome -- 11300.0 1.0 *
Avena sativa Seed 400.0 4800.0 0.1 *
Avena sativa Plant 3146.0 14300.0 0.1 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 30.0 665.0 -0.7 *
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 29.0 1040.0 -0.6 *
Azadirachta indica Leaf 16700.0 26500.0 0.6 *
Azadirachta indica Fruit 1381.0 3400.0 -0.1 *
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 2020.0 -0.9 Wealth of India.
Bactris gasipaes Fruit 89.0 5820.0 0.5 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit 1300.0 3800.0 -0.0 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Shoot -- 4800.0 -0.7 *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 38800.0 1.4 *
Basella alba Leaf 1090.0 15800.0 -0.2 *
Belamcanda chinensis Rhizome -- 6170.0 -0.2 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Benincasa hispida Fruit 170.0 4870.0 0.2 *
Berberis vulgaris Root -- 19100.0 1.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 19100.0 0.0 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 1300.0 1820.0 -0.4 *
Beta vulgaris Root 120.0 4200.0 -0.4 *
Beta vulgaris Leaf 700.0 17368.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellana Fruit 70.0 450.0 -0.8 *
Bixa orellana Seed 970.0 1640.0 -0.5 *
Blechnum orientale Rhizome -- 8280.0 0.3 *
Bletilla striata Tuber -- 4400.0 0.2 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Blighia sapida Seed 200.0 1300.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Aril 400.0 1950.0 0.3 *
Boehmeria nivea Shoot 4500.0 46000.0 2.3 *
Boehmeria nivea Plant 36000.0 39000.0 2.7 *
Borago officinalis Leaf 930.0 5005.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea Stem 200.0 2665.0 -1.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 1200.0 7725.0 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 395.0 3177.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 270.0 6040.0 -0.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 210.0 4040.0 -0.5 *
Brassica rapa Root 300.0 3690.0 -0.4 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 1170.0 19180.0 0.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 360.0 54247.0 2.4 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 360.0 54247.0 2.4 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 1050.0 22440.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica juncea Leaf 512.0 5565.0 -0.9 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 11780.0 16800.0 -0.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 290.0 19500.0 0.1 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 1107.0 17867.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica chinensis Leaf 1050.0 22440.0 0.3 *
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 1070.0 15800.0 0.1 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit 450.0 2812.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Broussonetia papyrifera Fruit -- 26900.0 5.3 *
Bupleurum chinense Root 2200.0 20000.0 1.4 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 230.0 1920.0 -0.4 *
Cajanus cajan Seed 290.0 1540.0 -0.5 *
Cajanus cajan Plant -- 8900.0 -0.5 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 350.0 2022.0 -0.4 *
Calathea macrosepala Plant 200.0 2600.0 -1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calendula officinalis Leaf -- 30400.0 0.8 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 327.0 2456.0 -1.1 *
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 330.0 5263.0 0.3 *
Canavalia ensiformis Seed 960.0 3090.0 -0.2 *
Canna indica Root 150.0 1300.0 -0.7 *
Cannabis sativa Seed 1200.0 1389.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 5500.0 -0.9 Wealth of India.
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant 2080.0 17627.0 0.4 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 175.0 1560.0 -0.5 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 431.0 1670.0 -0.5 *
Carica papaya Fruit 159.0 1180.0 -0.6 *
Carica pentagona Fruit 110.0 1615.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papaya Leaf 3440.0 23800.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctorius Plant -- 17000.0 0.4 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 620.0 4430.0 -0.4 *
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 1260.0 1324.0 -0.5 *
Carum carvi Fruit 6426.0 8160.0 1.0 *
Carum carvi Seed 1530.0 8160.0 0.7 *
Carya ovata Seed -- 1095.0 -0.6 *
Carya illinoensis Seed 618.0 763.0 -0.6 *
Carya ovata Shoot 5250.0 33300.0 1.4 *
Carya glabra Shoot 3800.0 40700.0 1.9 *
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 80.0 455.0 -0.8 *
Cassia tora Sprout Seedling -- 28100.0 2.6 *
Cassia tora Seed -- 11700.0 1.4 *
Castanea sativa Seed 220.0 528.0 -0.7 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 160.0 356.0 -0.7 *
Castanea dentata Seed 240.0 427.0 -0.7 *
Catalpa ovata Fruit -- 2890.0 -0.2 *
Catha edulis Leaf -- 2900.0 -1.1 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 428.0 3890.0 -0.4 *
Ceiba pentandra Seed 2300.0 4700.0 0.1 *
Celosia cristata Flower -- 8910.0 0.9 *
Cenchrus biflorus Seed 1440.0 1595.0 -0.5 *
Centella asiatica Leaf 1700.0 15890.0 -0.2 *
Chaenomeles lagenaria Fruit -- 2300.0 -0.4 *
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 6720.0 0.3 *
Chamissoa altissima Leaf 80.0 825.0 -1.2 Tramil
Chenopodium album Leaf 3090.0 33800.0 1.0 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 3000.0 21000.0 0.2 *
Chenopodium album Seed -- 3000.0 -0.2 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 18820.0 0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf 630.0 9690.0 -0.6 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 560.0 7525.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 1046.0 5810.0 -0.9 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 5810.0 -0.8 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Shoot -- 5300.0 -0.7 *
Chrysobalanus icaco Fruit 290.0 2775.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 75.0 1220.0 -0.6 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 1020.0 1220.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 462.0 10080.0 -0.6 *
Cichorium intybus Root 410.0 2050.0 -0.6 *
Cichorium intybus Leaf 790.0 19900.0 0.1 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 1254.0 5970.0 -0.2 *
Cimicifuga dahurica Rhizome -- 9750.0 0.6 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- 14000.0 -0.4 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 3415.0 6000.0 -1.2 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- 17000.0 -0.2 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 9000.0 -0.8 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark 4900.0 13569.0 -0.5 *
Cistanche salsa Plant -- 1730.0 -1.3 *
Citrullus lanatus Seed 1294.0 1300.0 -0.5 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit 100.0 3400.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantium Fruit 18.0 4230.0 0.1 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 117.0 11000.0 1.6 *
Citrus medica Fruit -- 6840.0 0.7 *
Citrus mitis Fruit 1400.0 14000.0 2.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 210.0 5615.0 0.4 *
Citrus limon Fruit 700.0 3227.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus reticulata Fruit 140.0 3077.0 -0.2 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 90.0 3084.0 -0.2 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant 1490.0 11200.0 -0.3 *
Cnidium officinale Rhizome -- 1710.0 -1.1 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 2260.0 21050.0 0.2 *
Coccinia grandis Fruit 400.0 5600.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nucifera Seed 71.0 476.0 -0.7 *
Coffea arabica Seed 1200.0 1281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabica Leaf 19000.0 20406.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 50.0 282.0 -0.7 *
Cola acuminata Seed 580.0 1563.0 -0.5 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 260.0 17400.0 -0.1 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 130.0 3780.0 -0.4 *
Colubrina texensis Shoot -- 32900.0 1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensis Leaf 2100.0 15215.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commiphora wightii Inflorescence -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coptis japonica Rhizome 1620.0 3410.0 -0.8 *
Coptis chinensis Rhizome 1620.0 3410.0 -0.8 *
Coptis spp Rhizome 1620.0 3410.0 -0.8 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 2080.0 18365.0 -0.0 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 1330.0 13441.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativum Seed 6465.0 14469.0 1.9 *
Cornus officinalis Fruit -- 3250.0 -0.1 *
Cornus florida Plant -- -- *
Corylus avellana Seed 1300.0 2591.0 -0.3 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 5570.0 0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 1554.0 5570.0 0.4 *
Crataegus cuneata Fruit -- 3770.0 -0.0 *
Crescentia alata Seed 500.0 518.0 -0.7 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 129.0 10000.0 1.4 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 96.0 3080.0 -0.2 *
Cucurbita maxima Leaf 364.0 2580.0 -1.1 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Leaf -- 77600.0 4.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 210.0 2500.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 200.0 3165.0 -0.2 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 390.0 8041.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Seed 240.0 2960.0 -0.2 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed 9310.0 15511.0 2.1 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 9310.0 15511.0 2.7 *
Curcuma longa Plant 226.0 730.0 -1.4 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome 270.0 2898.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Shoot 7430.0 19800.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Leaf -- 24200.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 130.0 3160.0 -0.2 *
Cydonia oblonga Fruit 60.0 805.0 -0.7 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 3680.0 -1.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynanchum atratum Root -- 9900.0 0.3 *
Cynara cardunculus Flower 120.0 5286.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyperus rotundus Rhizome -- 3180.0 -0.8 *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 39.0 5780.0 0.4 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- 16800.0 1.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 1450.0 10630.0 0.4 *
Daucus carota Root 210.0 5710.0 -0.2 *
Dendrobium nobile Stem -- 6530.0 -1.3 *
Dioscorea alata Root 44.0 290.0 -0.8 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 260.0 1400.0 -0.7 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Rhizome 690.0 2379.0 -1.0 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 734.0 3060.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 3060.0 -0.5 *
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 1150.0 12500.0 -0.4 *
Diospyros virginiana Fruit 270.0 758.0 -0.7 *
Diospyros virginiana Stem 2640.0 17820.0 -0.1 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 220.0 1070.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- 20900.0 0.8 *
Drynaria fortunei Rhizome -- 16000.0 2.0 *
Durio zibethinus Fruit 76.0 600.0 -0.8 *
Echinacea spp Root 3290.0 7760.0 0.0 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Echinacea purpurea Root 826.0 3290.0 -0.5 *
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit 70.0 507.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 196.0 1070.0 -0.6 *
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 820.0 1360.0 -0.6 *
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 40.0 265.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Seed 3830.0 4177.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 1300.0 1625.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 840.0 4000.0 -0.4 *
Elytrigia repens Plant 3000.0 9280.0 -0.5 *
Ephedra spp Plant -- 11500.0 -0.2 *
Ephedra sinica Plant 922.0 4390.0 -1.0 *
Ephedra nevadensis Plant 4500.0 58100.0 4.8 *
Equisetum arvense Plant 4045.0 18900.0 0.6 *
Equisetum hyemale Plant -- 15500.0 0.2 *
Eriobotrya japonica Leaf -- 21900.0 0.2 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 180.0 2381.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriocaulon sp Leaf -- 2070.0 -1.1 *
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 638.0 2900.0 -1.1 *
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 20600.0 0.4 *
Erythrina fusca Leaf 570.0 3080.0 -1.0 *
Erythrina berteroana Shoot 1080.0 6835.0 -0.6 *
Erythroxylum coca Plant -- -- *
Erythroxylum novogranatense Leaf 7600.0 14600.0 -0.3 *
Erythroxylum novogranatense Leaf 10200.0 13000.0 -0.4 *
Eucommia ulmoides Bark -- 10200.0 -0.8 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Eugenia floribunda Fruit 60.0 465.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensis Fruit 395.0 2720.0 -0.3 *
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 70.0 640.0 -0.7 *
Euodia rutaecarpa Fruit -- 11600.0 1.8 *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant 1260.0 14000.0 0.0 *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 1771.0 11500.0 -0.2 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 241.0 1140.0 -0.6 *
Fallopia japonica Plant 11000.0 12000.0 -0.2 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 40.0 731.0 -0.7 *
Ficus carica Leaf -- 31600.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ficus carica Fruit 350.0 4228.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Firmiana simplex Seed -- 2310.0 -0.3 *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 880.0 13941.0 2.3 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 1415.0 13100.0 1.6 *
Foeniculum vulgare Leaf 1000.0 10556.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Forsythia suspensa Fruit -- 4380.0 0.1 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 135.0 2900.0 -0.2 *
Frangula purshiana Bark 4100.0 14800.0 -0.4 *
Fraxinus rhynchophylla Bark -- 38600.0 1.9 *
Fritillaria thunbergii Bulb -- 400.0 -1.3 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 3587.0 30400.0 1.8 *
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 100.0 637.0 -0.7 *
Gardenia jasminoides Fruit 2810.0 4710.0 0.2 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Gastrodia elata Rhizome -- 2140.0 -1.0 *
Genipa americana Seed -- 900.0 -0.6 *
Genipa americana Fruit 400.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Gentiana lutea Root 1791.0 8140.0 0.1 *
Gentiana scabra Root -- 7490.0 0.0 *
Geranium thunbergii Plant -- 16900.0 0.4 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 20.0 230.0 -0.7 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 2640.0 11000.0 -0.5 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 21000.0 23000.0 1.0 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Gleditsia triacanthos Seed -- 2800.0 -0.2 *
Glehnia littoralis Root -- 1930.0 -0.6 *
Gliricidia sepium Flower 220.0 1570.0 -1.2 *
Gliricidia sepium Leaf 170.0 1110.0 -1.2 *
Glycine max Plant 9400.0 13000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 480.0 3504.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Fruit 670.0 2200.0 -0.4 *
Glycine max Seed 780.0 4440.0 0.1 *
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Root 6850.0 23500.0 1.8 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 1379.0 8780.0 0.2 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 169.0 890.0 -1.2 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root 1151.0 6060.0 -0.1 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 140.0 9600.0 1.7 *
Helianthus annuus Seed 917.0 1225.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 374.0 3400.0 -0.7 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed 3200.0 6000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flower 40.0 395.0 -1.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf 2130.0 14792.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 11000.0 -0.8 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hordeum vulgare Plant 800.0 10400.0 -0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgare Sprout Seedling -- 720.0 -0.6 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Hordeum vulgare Seed 160.0 4100.0 -0.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Houttuynia cordata Plant -- 770.0 -1.4 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Humulus lupulus Flower 1157.0 6220.0 0.1 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 6222.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrangea arborescens Root 2261.0 6460.0 -0.1 *
Hydrastis canadensis Root 823.0 2970.0 -0.5 *
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 100.0 640.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hylocereus guatemalensis Fruit 63.0 500.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hyoscyamus niger Seed -- 7420.0 0.6 *
Inga feuillei Aril 140.0 875.0 -1.4 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga edulis Seed 1920.0 5230.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula helenium Root 2200.0 10000.0 0.3 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 276.0 12665.0 -0.4 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 203.0 2300.0 -0.6 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 370.0 17900.0 -0.0 *
Isatis tinctoria Root -- 16300.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 3090.0 -0.2 *
Juglans nigra Seed 565.0 668.0 -0.6 *
Juglans nigra Hull Husk -- 3090.0 1.0 *
Juglans regia Seed 610.0 1100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinerea Seed 512.0 724.0 -0.6 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 371.0 3090.0 *
Juncus effusus Pith -- 1440.0 -0.6 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 2632.0 8490.0 1.1 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 7980.0 31680.0 1.2 *
Jussiaea repens Plant -- 14400.0 0.1 *
Justicia pectoralis Leaf 6630.0 44200.0 1.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifolia Leaf -- 9600.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureus Seed 500.0 4122.0 -0.0 *
Lablab purpureus Fruit 500.0 2841.0 -0.2 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 360.0 19140.0 0.0 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 200.0 5830.0 0.5 *
Lantana camara Fruit -- 1100.0 -0.6 *
Lantana camara Shoot -- 6100.0 -0.6 *
Larrea tridentata Plant 5396.0 16400.0 0.3 *
Lens culinaris Seed 386.0 604.0 -0.7 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 244.0 853.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lepidium sativum Seed 3100.0 3290.0 -0.2 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 810.0 20340.0 0.1 *
Lepidium meyenii Root 2470.0 2500.0 -0.5 *
Licania platypus Fruit 105.0 938.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ligustrum lucidum Fruit -- 3040.0 -0.2 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Ligustrum japonicum Fruit -- 3040.0 -0.2 *
Limonia acidissima Seed 15800.0 16460.0 2.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Fruit 1300.0 6540.0 0.6 *
Linum usitatissimum Hay -- 7200.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimum Seed 1820.0 7400.0 0.6 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 2400.0 42000.0 2.5 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 3720.0 18860.0 0.0 *
Lobelia inflata Leaf 793.0 7020.0 -0.8 *
Lonicera japonica Flower -- 7390.0 0.4 *
Lophatherum gracile Plant -- 2380.0 -1.2 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 200.0 4000.0 0.0 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 560.0 55000.0 2.5 *
Lupinus albus Seed 1760.0 1965.0 -0.4 *
Lupinus mutabilis Seed 900.0 1000.0 -0.6 *
Lupinus mutabilis Fruit 280.0 980.0 -0.7 *
Lycium chinense Fruit 225.0 1170.0 -0.6 *
Lycium chinense Root Bark -- 53900.0 2.2 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycium chinense Leaf 1480.0 14231.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 60.0 2400.0 -0.3 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf -- 60800.0 2.9 *
Lycopodium clavatum Plant -- 16020.0 0.3 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lygodium japonicum Pollen Or Spore -- 3060.0 *
Macadamia spp Seed 355.0 1075.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Magnolia kobus Flower -- 8040.0 0.6 *
Magnolia fargesii Flower -- 8040.0 0.6 *
Magnolia denudata Flower -- 8040.0 0.6 *
Magnolia officinalis Bark -- 6350.0 -1.2 *
Malpighia glabra Fruit 120.0 1400.0 -0.6 *
Malus domestica Fruit 43.0 570.0 -0.8 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf 900.0 10715.0 -0.5 *
Malva parviflora Plant 3120.0 23650.0 1.1 *
Mammea americana Fruit 40.0 985.0 -0.7 *
Mangifera indica Leaf 290.0 29300.0 0.7 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 92.0 1400.0 -0.6 *
Manihot esculenta Leaf 1450.0 10000.0 -0.6 *
Manihot esculenta Root 190.0 2890.0 -0.5 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 240.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinacea Root 150.0 467.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit 740.0 1610.0 -0.5 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativa Plant 1690.0 8990.0 -0.5 *
Melia azedarach Seed -- 2310.0 -0.3 *
Melia azedarach Leaf -- 25500.0 0.5 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 34.0 555.0 -0.8 *
Melilotus indica Plant -- 13400.0 -0.0 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 2414.0 16200.0 -0.2 *
Mentha spicata Plant 1990.0 13770.0 0.0 *
Mentha pulegium Plant 9440.0 16870.0 0.4 *
Mentha x rotundifolia Leaf -- 16300.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Plant -- 13500.0 -0.0 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Mimosa pudica Leaf 350.0 23800.0 0.4 *
Mimulus glabratus Shoot 5430.0 54300.0 2.9 *
Momordica charantia Leaf 2640.0 18701.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Fruit 130.0 4333.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda sp Root -- 10000.0 0.3 *
Morinda citrifolia Leaf 360.0 1600.0 -1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleifera Fruit 300.0 2545.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Leaf 4400.0 17600.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morus alba Fruit 300.0 6400.0 0.6 *
Morus alba Root Bark 16100.0 16500.0 -0.3 *
Morus alba Leaf 7000.0 27400.0 0.6 *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 1320.0 1600.0 -0.5 *
Muntingia calabura Fruit 640.0 5615.0 0.4 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf 8100.0 30035.0 0.8 *
Murraya sp Fruit 20.0 95.0 -0.9 *
Musa x paradisiaca Leaf -- 7500.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiaca Sprout Seedling -- 11600.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiaca Flower -- 300.0 -1.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 20.0 95.0 -0.9 *
Musa x paradisiaca Pith -- 100.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myrciaria dubia Fruit 270.0 4500.0 0.1 *
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 60.0 3695.0 -0.0 *
Myrica cerifera Bark 2442.0 11200.0 -0.7 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 1110.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Myristica fragrans Aril -- 2400.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nardostachys chinensis Rhizome -- 11600.0 1.0 *
Nasturtium officinale Herb 1200.0 24000.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 590.0 13333.0 1.7 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 450.0 3704.0 -0.7 *
Nelumbo nucifera Fruit 1360.0 1511.0 -0.5 *
Nepeta cataria Plant 739.0 6160.0 -0.8 *
Nigella sativa Seed -- 10600.0 1.2 *
Notopterygium incisum Rhizome -- 3850.0 -0.7 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 2850.0 14520.0 -0.5 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 1950.0 22750.0 0.3 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- 31500.0 0.9 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 3200.0 23700.0 0.4 *
Oenothera biennis Seed 12700.0 18000.0 2.5 *
Oenothera biennis Plant 12100.0 23400.0 1.0 *
Olea europaea Leaf -- 11800.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaea Fruit 610.0 2798.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ophiopogon japonicus Tuber 870.0 3450.0 -0.1 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 180.0 3065.0 -0.2 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Be -- 560.0 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 560.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum majorana Plant 17925.0 23625.0 1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum vulgare Plant 14070.0 18794.0 0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Oryza sativa Plant 1900.0 3300.0 -1.1 *
Oryza sativa Seed 71.0 364.0 -0.7 *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 40.0 247.0 -0.8 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed 830.0 875.0 -0.6 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 150.0 1380.0 -0.7 *
Paeonia lactiflora Root 10300.0 40600.0 3.6 *
Paeonia suffruticosa Root Bark 5150.0 16700.0 -0.3 *
Paeonia moutan Root Bark 5150.0 16700.0 -0.3 *
Panax ginseng Root 611.0 2880.0 -0.5 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 2340.0 10800.0 -0.3 *
Panax japonicus Rhizome -- 7000.0 0.0 *
Panicum maximum Leaf 7100.0 20900.0 0.2 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 13807.0 16214.0 2.2 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root 1424.0 8900.0 0.2 *
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed 90.0 415.0 -0.7 *
Passiflora foetida Fruit 200.0 1110.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnata Flower 506.0 4600.0 -0.3 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 40.0 500.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulis Seed -- 800.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 90.0 2500.0 -0.3 *
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 56.0 810.0 -0.7 *
Passiflora edulis Fruit 130.0 1190.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnata Fruit 140.0 509.0 -0.8 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Pastinaca sativa Root 315.0 3525.0 -0.4 *
Peganum harmala Plant -- 5600.0 -0.9 *
Peperomia pelucida Leaf 1240.0 15900.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf 1500.0 10000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 130.0 2025.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 600.0 -0.7 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescens Leaf 1970.0 14071.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescens Seed 1400.0 3500.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescens Plant -- 12670.0 -0.1 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Persea americana Fruit 60.0 964.0 -0.7 *
Persea schiedeana Fruit 114.0 532.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Petasites japonicus Pt 1030.0 18725.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petasites japonicus Plant 13000.0 14000.0 0.0 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispum Shoot -- 1600.0 -1.0 *
Petroselinum crispum Plant 1000.0 16850.0 0.3 *
Peucedanum decursivum Plant 14400.0 30000.0 1.8 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf 2740.0 20758.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 250.0 8600.0 0.8 *
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit 500.0 610.0 -0.7 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 170.0 1828.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 356.0 18000.0 3.3 *
Phaseolus lunatus Leaf 80.0 2857.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 1120.0 1966.0 -0.4 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 510.0 3295.0 -0.2 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling 1090.0 3028.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineus Seed 600.0 1600.0 -0.5 *
Phellodendron amurense Bark -- 14100.0 -0.4 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 140.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed 18.0 436.0 -0.7 Abstract (See species file)
Phragmites australis Shoot -- 9400.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 120.0 2660.0 -0.3 *
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 60.0 2326.0 -0.4 *
Physalis peruviana Fruit 80.0 585.0 -0.8 *
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 70.0 2580.0 -0.3 *
Physalis angulata Fruit 810.0 8100.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 1160.0 3410.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower 1780.0 6095.0 0.1 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americana Shoot 530.0 6307.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 10056.0 11166.0 -0.5 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit 7224.0 8000.0 1.0 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed 6460.0 7843.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pimpinella anisum Fruit 7138.0 7843.0 0.9 *
Pinellia ternata Tuber 4180.0 10000.0 1.8 *
Pinus gerardiana Seed 910.0 980.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus cembroides Seed 120.0 145.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus edulis Seed 59.0 117.0 -0.7 *
Pinus echinata Shoot 1088.0 11760.0 -0.2 *
Pinus pinea Seed 260.0 280.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper auritum Leaf 2570.0 14440.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper nigrum Fruit 2700.0 4989.0 0.3 *
Piper betel Leaf 2300.0 15750.0 -0.2 *
Pistacia vera Seed 1066.0 1464.0 -0.5 *
Pisum sativum Seed 230.0 1700.0 -0.4 *
Pisum sativum Plant 10200.0 14100.0 0.1 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 430.0 4253.0 0.1 *
Plantago asiatica Plant -- 18000.0 0.5 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 728.0 3340.0 -0.1 *
Plantago major Shoot 860.0 1340.0 -1.0 *
Plantago psyllium Hull Husk -- 3059.0 -1.0 *
Plantago major Seed 7020.0 23400.0 3.5 *
Platonia insignis Fruit 200.0 720.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Platycodon grandiflorum Root 180.0 5240.0 -0.2 *
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf 2320.0 41430.0 1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygala tenuifolia Root -- 3420.0 -0.4 *
Polygonum multiflorum Plant -- 2225.0 -1.2 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 3370.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polygonum multiflorum Rhizome -- 15300.0 1.8 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Polymnia edulis Root 150.0 1650.0 -0.6 *
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant 6000.0 6900.0 -0.7 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 780.0 20800.0 -1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp. Leaf 1690.0 9440.0 -0.6 *
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit 340.0 1890.0 -0.5 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 220.0 895.0 -0.7 *
Pouteria caimito Fruit 220.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Pouteria viridis Fruit 230.0 730.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis juliflora Leaf -- 20800.0 0.2 *
Prunella vulgaris Flower -- 14500.0 2.4 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Prunus serotina Leaf 4060.0 32640.0 1.0 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 2426.0 2962.0 -0.2 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 38.0 2040.0 -0.4 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 134.0 1899.0 -0.5 *
Prunus persica Seed -- 970.0 -0.6 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 140.0 1954.0 -0.4 *
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 172.0 1080.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus serotina Stem 323.0 18360.0 -0.0 *
Prunus persica Fruit 18.0 8850.0 1.2 *
Prunus armeniaca Seed 930.0 1522.0 -0.5 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 210.0 3400.0 -0.1 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 90.0 1582.0 -0.5 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 567.0 8586.0 0.8 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 1845.0 11383.0 -0.5 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 300.0 704.0 -0.9 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 5100.0 -0.3 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria montana Root 150.0 475.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pueraria pseudohirsuta Root 5330.0 8300.0 0.1 *
Pueraria montana Shoot 1600.0 1700.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pulsatilla chinensis Root -- 16200.0 1.0 *
Punica granatum Fruit 30.0 650.0 -0.7 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 68.0 1776.0 -0.5 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 184.0 1250.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Quercus rubra Stem 5200.0 23760.0 0.5 *
Quercus alba Stem 4600.0 27360.0 0.9 *
Quercus alba Bark 8436.0 37000.0 1.8 *
Quercus velutina Stem 5040.0 22940.0 0.5 *
Quercus rubra Seed -- 947.0 -0.6 *
Quercus stellata Stem 5750.0 31920.0 1.4 *
Quercus phellos Stem 2940.0 14700.0 -0.4 *
Quisqualis indica Fruit -- 1430.0 -0.6 *
Raphanus sativus Leaf 2380.0 19130.0 0.0 *
Raphanus sativus Seed -- 3670.0 -0.1 *
Raphanus sativus Fruit 260.0 10130.0 1.4 *
Raphanus sativus Root 190.0 8570.0 0.1 *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 3400.0 6900.0 0.5 *
Rehmannia glutinosa Root -- 1150.0 -0.7 *
Rheum palmatum Rhizome 9630.0 12400.0 1.2 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 600.0 18462.0 0.7 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf 470.0 14400.0 -0.3 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- 13500.0 -0.3 *
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 6320.0 -0.8 *
Rhus glabra Stem 2520.0 24790.0 0.7 *
Rhus copallina Stem 2450.0 21350.0 0.3 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 3240.0 24960.0 0.4 *
Rhynchosia minima Shoot -- 19200.0 0.3 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 502.0 4720.0 0.2 *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 185.0 4122.0 0.1 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 298.0 2875.0 -0.2 *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- 26700.0 0.6 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacacia Seed -- 19000.0 2.7 *
Robinia pseudoacacia Leaf 12900.0 15000.0 -0.2 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit 240.0 1050.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa canina Fruit 1515.0 8100.0 1.0 *
Rosa laevigata Fruit -- 7620.0 0.9 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 3170.0 16150.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubia cordifolia Root -- 37800.0 3.3 *
Rubus idaeus Leaf 2045.0 12100.0 -0.4 *
Rubus chingii Fruit -- 7490.0 0.8 *
Rubus idaeus Fruit 220.0 1645.0 -0.5 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit 150.0 1125.0 -0.6 *
Rumex acetosa Leaf 430.0 4300.0 -1.0 *
Rumex crispus Root 2570.0 10000.0 0.3 *
Rumex crispus Leaf 150.0 10000.0 -0.6 *
Ruscus aculeatus Root 2190.0 7250.0 -0.0 *
Salix alba Bark 2369.0 14100.0 -0.4 *
Salvia miltiorrhiza Root -- 2780.0 -0.5 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Salvia officinalis Leaf 1696.0 10800.0 -0.5 *
Sambucus nigra Fruit 235.0 1440.0 -0.6 *
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 380.0 1881.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Santalum acuminatum Fruit 420.0 1800.0 -0.5 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf 2607.0 17680.0 -0.1 *
Sassafras albidum Stem 913.0 10360.0 -0.9 *
Satureja hortensis Plant -- 23429.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 864.0 5760.0 0.4 *
Schizonepeta tenuifolia Plant -- 10900.0 -0.3 *
Sclerocarya caffra Seed 1430.0 1490.0 -0.5 *
Scrophularia buergeriana Root -- 2670.0 -0.5 *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 623.0 4550.0 -1.0 *
Scutellaria baicalensis Root 4630.0 10300.0 0.3 *
Secale cereale Seed 315.0 685.0 -0.6 *
Sechium edule Leaf 592.0 3345.0 -1.0 *
Sechium edule Fruit 190.0 2715.0 -0.3 *
Sechium edule Shoot 660.0 8920.0 -0.4 *
Senna occidentalis Seed -- 7450.0 0.6 *
Senna alexandrina Leaf 5339.0 26300.0 0.5 *
Senna obtusifolia Seed 4100.0 6590.0 0.4 *
Serenoa repens Fruit 605.0 4640.0 0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicum Seed 800.0 12638.0 1.6 *
Sicana odorifera Fruit 210.0 2460.0 -0.3 *
Sida rhombifolia Leaf 4660.0 23535.0 0.3 *
Siegesbeckia orientalis Plant -- 11100.0 -0.3 *
Silybum marianum Leaf 1421.0 6460.0 -0.8 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 6460.0 -0.8 *
Simmondsia chinensis Seed -- 372.0 -0.7 *
Sinapis alba Seed 4983.0 5850.0 0.3 *
Sinomenium acutum Rhizome -- 15400.0 1.8 *
Smilax spp Root 626.0 2980.0 -0.5 *
Smilax officinalis Root 626.0 2980.0 -0.5 *
Solanum nigrum Leaf 1999.0 14400.0 -0.3 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 60.0 975.0 -0.7 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 34.0 2550.0 -0.4 *
Solanum melongena Leaf 2540.0 18676.0 0.0 *
Solanum torvum Fruit 1040.0 7125.0 0.8 *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit 120.0 1200.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum melongena Fruit 120.0 5706.0 0.4 *
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 1310.0 19265.0 0.1 *
Sophora subprostrata Root -- 18600.0 1.2 *
Sophora angustifolia Root 8750.0 9710.0 0.3 *
Sophora secundiflora Seed 500.0 1900.0 -0.4 *
Sophora japonica Seed -- 2649.0 -0.3 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 100.0 2115.0 -0.4 *
Spartium junceum Stem -- 6500.0 -1.3 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed 550.0 607.0 -0.7 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Root 100.0 284.0 -0.8 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 730.0 15700.0 0.2 *
Spirulina spp. Plant -- 280.0 -1.4 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- 280.0 -1.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias purpurea Fruit 140.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Spondias dulcis Seed -- 5000.0 0.2 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 360.0 3710.0 -0.0 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 560.0 4275.0 0.1 *
Spondias tuberosa Fruit -- 200.0 -0.8 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 260.0 2500.0 -0.3 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 2822.0 16800.0 0.3 *
Stellaria media Shoot 400.0 1110.0 -1.0 *
Stellaria media Plant -- 12100.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 5440.0 -0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Plant -- 2100.0 -1.2 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stillingia sylvatica Plant -- 3100.0 -1.1 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 2584.0 22880.0 0.4 *
Symphytum officinale Root -- 11300.0 0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinale Leaf 1980.0 18000.0 -0.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 6460.0 9540.0 1.0 *
Syzygium jambos Fruit 290.0 2045.0 -0.4 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 6460.0 9540.0 1.3 *
Syzygium cumini Fruit 80.0 920.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 55.0 2615.0 -0.3 *
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 5836.0 32600.0 1.3 *
Tamarindus indica Seed -- 1210.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Flower -- 2650.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indica Leaf 1053.0 23000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indica Fruit 170.0 2829.0 -0.2 *
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 5810.0 -0.8 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinale Plant 12000.0 21000.0 0.8 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 1870.0 42232.0 1.6 *
Taraxacum officinale Root 878.0 6140.0 -0.1 *
Taraxacum mongolicum Plant -- 16900.0 0.4 *
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf -- 16500.0 -0.1 *
Terminalia catappa Seed 320.0 5100.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia bellirica Leaf -- 20800.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 580.0 9665.0 -0.6 *
Tetrapanax papyrifera Pith -- 18300.0 1.4 *
Theobroma cacao Seed 800.0 1100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacao Fruit 1300.0 3095.0 -0.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 158.0 184.0 -0.8 *
Theobroma speciosum Fruit 190.0 485.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Seed 650.0 675.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgaris Plant 16935.0 22534.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 2806.0 16700.0 -0.1 *
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 15250.0 16469.0 2.9 *
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 480.0 2610.0 -0.5 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf -- 33500.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 500.0 9260.0 1.2 *
Trifolium pratense Shoot 4800.0 22900.0 0.6 *
Trifolium pratense Flower 2358.0 13100.0 2.0 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Leaf -- 12900.0 -0.4 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 95.0 730.0 -0.6 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 100.0 4100.0 -0.0 *
Triticum aestivum Plant 900.0 10400.0 -0.3 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 70.0 500.0 -0.8 *
Tropaeolum majus Shoot 2110.0 15400.0 0.0 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf 3801.0 18100.0 -0.0 *
Tussilago farfara Flower -- 3670.0 -0.6 *
Ullucus tuberosus Root 30.0 365.0 -0.8 *
Ulmus rubra Bark 1602.0 9770.0 -0.9 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 5800.0 29000.0 0.7 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 510.0 6380.0 0.6 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 1440.0 12000.0 1.9 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 180.0 1730.0 -0.5 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 58.0 400.0 -0.8 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 4956.0 42000.0 3.8 *
Valerianella radicata Plant 19884.0 24463.0 1.2 *
Valerianella locusta Plant 6410.0 7139.0 -0.7 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- 19000.0 3.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 5852.0 13300.0 -0.4 *
Vetiveria zizanioides Leaf 2800.0 3100.0 -1.0 *
Viburnum opulus Bark -- 23540.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia faba Fruit 500.0 3425.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vicia faba Seed 220.0 31160.0 5.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 1183.0 1602.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Fruit -- 27100.0 5.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 253.0 14400.0 1.9 *
Vigna angularis Seed 660.0 762.0 -0.6 *
Vigna aconitifolia Leaf -- 23400.0 0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 630.0 6164.0 -0.6 *
Vigna subterranea Seed 100.0 945.0 -0.6 *
Vigna mungo Seed 1100.0 2220.0 -0.4 *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 1360.0 3500.0 -0.1 *
Vigna aconitifolia Fruit -- 20100.0 3.7 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 1255.0 1643.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 110.0 1571.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Plant -- 17400.0 0.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 630.0 6164.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifolia Plant 23400.0 23700.0 1.1 *
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 500.0 4115.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Viscum album Leaf -- 8910.0 -0.7 *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed -- 1070.0 -0.6 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 17700.0 -0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 92.0 4774.0 0.2 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf 950.0 17800.0 -0.0 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 59.0 4000.0 -0.4 *
Yucca baccata Root 1718.0 8260.0 0.1 *
Zea mays Seed 10.0 181.0 -0.7 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 2520.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 150.0 3458.0 -0.8 *
Zingiber officinale Root 116.0 1650.0 -0.6 *
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 19700.0 0.1 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 260.0 1602.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit 1400.0 1544.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus jujuba Shoot 800.0 21600.0 0.5 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.