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Total Plants: 301
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefolium Plant -- -- *
Aconitum napellus Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Actaea cimicifuga Rhizome -- -- *
Actaea dahurica Rhizome -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Adonis vernalis Plant -- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoria Plant -- -- *
Albizia lebbeck Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Allium cepa Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 10.0 20.0 *
Allium cepa Bulb -- -- *
Allium cepa Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf -- 0.5 -0.7 *
Allium ampeloprasum Plant -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Flower -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Leaf -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Root -- -- *
Ananas comosus Fruit -- -- Wealth of India.
Anethum graveolens Fruit -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Seed -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Leaf -- 1140.0 -0.6 *
Angelica archangelica Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Annona muricata Plant -- -- *
Apium graveolens Root -- -- *
Apium graveolens Leaf -- -- *
Apium graveolens Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
Arachis hypogaea Seed -- 11.0 -0.8 *
Arctium lappa Root -- 2500.0 0.2 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf -- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Plant -- -- *
Armoracia rusticana Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Arnica montana Flower -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- 7640.0 0.3 *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot -- -- *
Artemisia capillaris Plant -- -- *
Artemisia abrotanum Plant -- -- *
Asimina triloba Leaf -- -- *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- 0.66 -0.7 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Avena sativa Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Ballota nigra Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.4 *
Berberis vulgaris Plant -- -- *
Berberis vulgaris Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Beta vulgaris Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf -- 8.0 -0.7 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf -- 11.0 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf -- 8.0 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 0.5 77.0 -0.7 *
Brassica nigra Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf -- 34.0 -0.7 *
Calendula officinalis Plant -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Plant -- -- *
Capsicum annuum Fruit -- 11.0 -0.3 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- 32.0 -0.3 *
Carica papaya Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carum carvi Seed -- 2840.0 1.9 *
Castanea sativa Leaf -- -- *
Catalpa bignonioides Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceiba pentandra Leaf -- -- *
Centaurea cyanus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurea cyanus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurium erythraea Plant -- -- *
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Leaf -- 767.0 -0.6 *
Cichorium endivia Leaf -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Shoot -- -- *
Cimicifuga dahurica Rhizome -- -- *
Cinchona pubescens Leaf -- -- *
Cinchona spp Bark -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Cinchona pubescens Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum camphora Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- 6.0 *
Citrullus lanatus Seed -- -- *
Citrullus colocynthis Fruit -- -- *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 2.0 50.0 -0.3 *
Citrus limon Fruit 21.0 35.0 -0.3 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisi Fruit 40.0 51.0 -0.3 *
Clematis vitalba Plant -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coccinia grandis Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coffea arabica Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coffea arabica Fruit -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cola acuminata Plant -- -- *
Coleus barbatus Root -- 42.9 -0.9 Jim Duke's personal files.
Conium maculatum Plant -- -- *
Convallaria majalis Plant -- -- *
Conyza canadensis Plant -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- 770.0 -0.2 *
Coriandrum sativum Shoot -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf -- -- *
Corylus americana Seed -- -- Senter, S. D., Horvat, R. J., Forbus, W. R. 1983. Comparative GLC-MS Analysis of Phenolic Acids of Selected Tree Nuts. J. Food Science, 48(3): 798-799.
Crataegus laevigata Bud -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus monogyna Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus laevigata Shoot -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Bud -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Flower -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus laevigata Flower -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Shoot -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Inflorescence -- -- *
Cucumis melo Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Cucumis sativus Fruit -- -- *
Cucurbita pepo Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Curcuma longa Rhizome -- 5.0 *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Seed -- -- Kaushal, G. P., Bhatia, I. S. 1982. A Study of Polyphenols in the Seeds and Leaves of Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Sci Food Agr, 33: 461-470.
Cynara cardunculus Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cynara cardunculus Flower -- -- *
Datura stramonium Plant -- -- *
Daucus carota Root -- -- *
Digitalis purpurea Leaf -- -- *
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dodonaea viscosa Plant -- -- *
Echinacea spp Plant -- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifolia Fruit -- -- Kusova, R. D., Kazakov, A. L., Luk'yanchikov, M. S. 1988. Phenolic Compounds From Fruit of Elaeagnus angustifolia. Chem. Nat. Comp. 24 3: 392-393. Pyatigorsk Farm Inst Pyatigorsk USSR.
Elaeagnus angustifolia Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit -- 2.0 -0.3 *
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root -- -- *
Equisetum hyemale Plant -- -- *
Equisetum arvense Plant -- 8000.0 0.2 *
Equisetum arvense Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Eriobotrya japonica Plant -- -- *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf -- -- *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Euphorbia pulcherrima Plant -- -- *
Euphorbia hirta Plant -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Euphrasia officinalis Plant -- 11500.0 0.7 Tyler, V.E.. 1982. The Honest Herbal. George F. Stickley Co., Philadelphia PA. 263 pp.
Euphrasia officinalis Shoot -- 6000.0 1.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
Fagopyrum esculentum Plant -- -- *
Ficus carica Plant -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 0.5 225.0 -0.6 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 15.0 34.0 -0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.
Gaultheria procumbens Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Gentiana lutea Root -- -- *
Glechoma hederacea Plant -- -- *
Glycine max Seed 1.0 4.0 -0.8 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Pollen Or Spore -- 4.0 *
Helianthus annuus Seed 1600.0 1800.0 1.0 *
Helichrysum angustifolium Plant -- -- *
Hordeum vulgare Seed -- -- *
Hordeum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Plant -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Shoot -- 1000.0 -0.3 *
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- 1000.0 -0.9 *
Hyssopus officinalis Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Inonotus obliquus Plant -- -- *
Ipomoea batatas Root -- -- *
Ipomoea purga Tuber 30000.0 40000.0 1.0 *
Juglans regia Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans nigra Seed -- -- *
Juglans regia Testa 15.0 115.0 *
Juglans regia Seed 1.0 6.0 -0.8 *
Juniperus communis Leaf -- -- *
Juniperus communis Fruit -- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnata Plant -- -- *
Lactuca sativa Plant -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Fruit -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- -- *
Levisticum officinale Root -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Ligustrum japonicum Flower -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- 6.0 -0.3 *
Lycopodium clavatum Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Lycopus virginicus Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Lycopus europeus Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Magnolia kobus Plant -- -- *
Magnolia officinalis Plant -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit 85.0 1270.0 -0.1 *
Malus domestica Fruit Juice -- -- *
Marrubium vulgare Plant -- -- *
Matricaria recutita Plant -- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Medicago sativa Tissue Culture -- -- *
Melia azedarach Plant -- -- *
Melilotus officinalis Plant -- -- Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Melilotus officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Melissa officinalis Plant -- 2100.0 -0.8 *
Mentha x rotundifolia Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha x piperita Shoot -- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliata Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Moringa oleifera Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morus alba Plant -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Plant -- 16.0 -1.1 *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicum Tissue Culture -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf -- 19100.0 1.9 *
Oenothera biennis Leaf -- -- *
Olea europaea Fruit -- -- *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 6000.0 -0.1 *
Origanum vulgare Leaf 106.0 1060.0 -0.6 *
Origanum majorana Leaf -- 14100.0 1.2 *
Origanum vulgare Shoot -- -- *
Origanum majorana Shoot -- -- *
Origanum majorana Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Pericarp -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Leaf -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perilla frutescens Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Persea americana Fruit -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Stem -- -- *
Peucedanum ostruthium Root -- -- *
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf -- -- *
Phaseolus vulgaris Shoot -- -- *
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- 2060.0 1.2 *
Pimpinella anisum Plant -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Leaf -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- 6.0 -0.3 *
Pisum sativum Plant -- -- *
Plantago major Plant -- -- *
Polypodium vulgare Rhizome -- -- *
Populus balsamifera Essential Oil -- -- *
Portulaca oleracea Plant -- -- *
Prunus dulcis Plant -- -- *
Prunus serotina Plant -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Plant -- -- *
Prunus persica Leaf -- -- *
Prunus domestica Plant -- -- *
Prunus laurocerasus Plant -- -- *
Prunus cerasus Plant -- -- *
Prunus spinosa Plant -- -- *
Pteridium aquilinum Plant -- -- *
Punica granatum Fruit Juice -- -- *
Punica granatum Plant -- -- *
Punica granatum Leaf -- -- *
Pyrus communis Fruit 43.0 19700.0 3.3 *
Raphanus sativus Root -- 91.0 -0.9 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt -- 8.0 *
Rheum officinale Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rhododendron ponticum Plant -- -- *
Ribes nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Rosa canina Tissue Culture -- -- *
Rosa canina Stem -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Fruit -- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Rubus idaeus Plant -- -- *
Salvia sp. Seed -- 306.0 -0.5 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 67.
Salvia officinalis Inflorescence -- -- *
Salvia officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Plant -- -- *
Sambucus simpsonii Flower -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Sanguisorba minor Plant -- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissus Plant -- -- *
Satureja montana Shoot -- -- *
Scopolia carniolica Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Senna obtusifolia Seed -- -- *
Sesamum indicum Leaf -- -- *
Sesamum indicum Fruit -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 18.0 1400.0 -1.0 *
Solanum tuberosum Flower -- -- *
Solanum torvum Plant -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Root Bark -- -- *
Solanum melongena Fruit -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber Epidermis -- -- *
Solidago virgaurea Flower -- -- *
Solidago gigantea Plant -- 21980.0 2.4 *
Sophora japonica Plant -- -- *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit -- -- *
Spartium junceum Plant -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Shoot -- -- *
Stachys officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Stachys officinalis Plant -- 5000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Stellaria media Shoot -- -- *
Symphytum officinale Root -- -- *
Tagetes patula Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tanacetum vulgare Plant -- -- *
Taraxacum officinale Flower -- -- *
Taraxacum officinale Plant -- -- *
Taxus baccata Leaf 0.9 4.7 -0.7 *
Tecoma stans Plant -- -- *
Teucrium chamaedrys Plant -- -- Abstract (See species file)
Teucrium scorodonia Leaf -- 20000.0 2.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacao Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgaris Leaf -- 16900.0 1.6 *
Thymus serpyllum Plant -- 6200.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Leaf -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Flower -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Triticum aestivum Seed 3.0 4.0 -0.8 *
Urtica dioica Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioica Plant -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf -- 40.0 -0.7 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Plant -- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Leaf -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Plant -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Root -- 5800.0 1.6 *
Verbena officinalis Leaf -- 10000.0 0.7 *
Viburnum opulus Branches -- -- *
Vicia faba Plant -- -- *
Viscum album Plant -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Fruit -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Root -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Leaf -- -- *
Zea mays Sprout Seedling -- -- *
Zea mays Shoot -- 0.7 -0.7 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.