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Total Plants: 183
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abies balsamea Gum -- -- *
Abies alba Plant 32.0 46.0 -0.4 *
Agathosma betulina Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Anethum graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Essential Oil -- 31600.0 1.7 *
Anethum graveolens Root -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Seed 25.0 1925.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Anethum graveolens Fruit 168.0 1925.0 -0.1 *
Anethum graveolens Shoot Essent. Oil 82100.0 169300.0 1.0 *
Anethum graveolens Leaf 120.0 2100.0 4.6 *
Angelica archangelica Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Angelica archangelica Root 50.0 5320.0 1.0 *
Angelica archangelica Fruit -- -- *
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil 200.0 2000.0 -1.0 *
Apium graveolens Fruit -- 2000.0 -0.1 *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot 100.0 1070.0 4.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Boswellia sacra Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Boswellia serrata Essential Oil -- -- *
Canarium indicum Essential Oil 800.0 2000.0 -1.1 *
Carica papaya Fruit -- -- *
Carum carvi Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum verum Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cistus ladaniferus Plant 2.0 140.0 0.5 *
Citrus limon Pericarp Essent. Oil -- 65900.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limon Essential Oil -- 80.0 -1.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus paradisi Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit -- 90.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limon Petiole -- 8.0 *
Citrus limon Leaf Essent. Oil -- 3300.0 -0.6 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatus Root Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 1.0 13.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coriandrum sativum Seed Essent. Oil 400.0 18600.0 -0.3 *
Coriandrum sativum Essential Oil -- -- *
Cuminum cyminum Seed Essent. Oil -- 700.0 -1.1 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed 90.0 279.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 90.0 279.0 -0.4 *
Daucus carota Shoot -- 177.0 0.1 *
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Essent. Oil -- 32500.0 0.3 *
Eucalyptus cuprea Leaf -- 6.4 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus populnea Leaf -- 1.8 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus melanophloia Leaf -- 0.8 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 36000.0 2.1 *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 0.1 *
Eucalyptus dolichorhyncha Leaf -- 6.0 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus viridis Leaf -- 0.5 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus angulosa Leaf -- 1.5 -0.5 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus porosa Leaf -- 10.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus incrassata Leaf -- 14.0 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus intertexta Leaf -- 5.5 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus largisparsa Leaf -- 4.6 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus leucoxylon Leaf -- 10.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulus Essential Oil -- -- *
Eucalyptus ceratocorys Leaf -- 80.0 -0.3 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus tetraptera Leaf -- 100.0 -0.2 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus desquamata Leaf -- 15.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus lansdowneana Leaf -- 430.0 0.6 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus forrestiana Leaf -- 95.0 -0.2 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus behriana Leaf -- 2.7 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus sparsa Leaf -- 100.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus fasiculosa Leaf -- 1.3 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulus Fruit Essent. Oil -- 34300.0 -0.6 *
Eucalyptus stoatei Leaf -- 13.0 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus odorata Leaf -- 4.4 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus ochrophloia Leaf -- 0.5 -0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus erythrandra Leaf -- 7.0 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 170.0 1020.0 -0.3 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 170.0 1020.0 -0.6 *
Gossypium sp Plant -- -- *
Hedeoma drummondii Plant 9.0 31.0 -0.5 *
Hyssopus officinalis Flower 34.0 348.0 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 69.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- -- Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 50.0 -0.4 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 380.0 1.0 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 330.0 0.8 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.6 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 50.0 -0.4 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 290.0 0.6 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 280.0 0.6 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Leaf 1.0 800.0 1.4 *
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 60.0 -0.4 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 330.0 0.8 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 190.0 0.2 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Illicium verum Fruit 220.0 835.0 -0.3 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Juniperus communis Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Juniperus communis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Juniperus communis Fruit 66.0 660.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Juniperus communis Essential Oil -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula angustifolia Flower -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Levisticum officinale Root 24.0 240.0 -1.0 *
Lindera benzoin Fruit 400.0 545.0 -0.4 *
Lycopus uniflorus Plant 107.0 154.0 0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Melaleuca alternifolia Leaf -- 75.0 -0.3 *
Melaleuca alternifolia Essential Oil -- 5800.0 -0.7 *
Melaleuca alternifolia Root Essent. Oil -- 6300.0 -1.0 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil 800.0 20000.0 0.6 *
Mentha pulegium Plant 3.0 400.0 3.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 15.0 -0.6 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria teneriffae Leaf -- 20.0 -0.4 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 15.0 -0.6 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf 140.0 560.0 0.9 *
Myrciaria dubia Fruit -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil -- 34000.0 0.3 *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil -- 20000.0 0.6 *
Ocimum gratissimum Plant 5.0 30.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Oenanthe aquatica Fruit 8000.0 20000.0 3.0 *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 4.0 -0.8 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 60.0 -0.4 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum vulgare Shoot Essent. Oil -- 800.0 -1.0 *
Origanum majorana Essential Oil -- 14000.0 0.1 *
Origanum majorana Plant 27.0 155.0 0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 60.0 -0.3 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Plant 12.0 60.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 60.0 -0.4 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 5.0 -0.8 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 1.0 -0.8 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum onites Shoot -- 38.0 -0.5 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Pastinaca sativa Root -- -- *
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Pelargonium citrosum Shoot -- 4.0 -0.6 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Petroselinum crispum Seed Essent. Oil -- 71000.0 1.9 *
Petroselinum crispum Seed 43.0 4970.0 1.6 *
Petroselinum crispum Fruit Essent. Oil -- 35100.0 -0.6 *
Petroselinum crispum Leaf 60.0 530.0 0.8 *
Pimenta dioica Plant -- -- *
Pimenta dioica Fruit -- -- *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf 230.0 780.0 1.4 *
Pinus palustris Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Pinus sylvestris Essential Oil -- -- *
Pinus mugo Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pinus sylvestris Twig -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Leaf Essent. Oil -- 13000.0 0.2 *
Pinus sylvestris Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Flower -- -- *
Piper auritum Leaf -- -- Tramil
Piper nigrum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper cubeba Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Piper cubeba Fruit Essent. Oil 120000.0 130000.0 1.7 *
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil -- 41000.0 -0.5 *
Ribes nigrum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrum Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrum Bud -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant -- -- *
Salvia officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 -0.8 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 5.0 28.0 -0.4 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Sassafras albidum Leaf -- -- -0.5 *
Sassafras albidum Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 360.0 0.4 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja hortensis Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 110.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 110.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 300.0 0.3 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Schinus molle Fruit -- -- *
Skimmia arborescens Leaf 325.0 1560.0 3.3 *
Tagetes minuta Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Tagetes minuta Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tagetes minuta Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Teucrium divaricatum Leaf -- 12.0 -0.4 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium cyprium Leaf -- 50.0 -0.3 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium micropodioides Leaf -- -- -0.5 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium kotschyanum Leaf -- 18.0 -0.4 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 3.0 -0.6 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus riatarum Shoot -- 35.0 -0.5 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Thymus capitatus Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil -- -- *
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- -- -0.6 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus vulgaris Plant -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 3.0 -0.6 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus capitatus Shoot -- -- -0.6 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Trachyspermum ammi Plant -- -- *
Trichostemma dichotomum Shoot -- 18.0 -0.6 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Umbellularia californica Plant 10.0 40.0 -0.4 *
Valeriana officinalis Root -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Leaf -- 35.0 -0.4 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Valeriana officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1400.0 -0.8 *
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf -- 1.4 -0.5 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 32.0 2850.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil 57000.0 106700.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.