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Total Plants: 52
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefolium Leaf -- -- *
Agastache rugosa Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ageratum conyzoides Shoot -- 580.0 2.8 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Ageratum conyzoides Plant 5.0 37.5 -0.3 *
Alpinia galanga Leaf Essent. Oil -- 9400.0 1.0 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 9400.0 *
Angelica archangelica Root 5.0 15.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica archangelica Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Artemisia annua Plant -- -- *
Artemisia annua Leaf 25.0 1520.0 1.3 *
Centella asiatica Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Plant 20.0 75.0 1.3 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Shoot -- 38.0 -0.2 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Copaifera spp Gum -- -- *
Cuminum cyminum Seed 220.0 440.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 220.0 440.0 1.0 *
Daucus carota Root -- 12.0 -0.8 *
Echinacea spp Fruit -- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Eryngium foetidum Seed Essent. Oil -- 100000.0 Tucker, A. O. and Debaggio, T. 2000. The Big Book of Herbs. Interweave Press, Inc. Loveland, CO. 688 pp.
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 35.0 -1.0 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.