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Total Plants: 178
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Artemisia annua Plant 3.0 80.0 -0.2 *
Boswellia sacra Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carvi Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Carum carvi Essential Oil -- -- *
Centella asiatica Leaf -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Centella asiatica Essential Oil -- 30000.0 -0.5 Jim Duke's personal files.
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Plant 2.0 6.0 -0.5 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Flower -- -- Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum camphora Leaf -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf -- 120.0 0.2 Mallavarupu, G. R. et al. 1995. Investigation of the essential oil of cinnamon leaf grown at Bangalore and Hyderabad. Flav. & Fragr. J., 10: 239-242.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.6 *
Citrus sinensis Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 0.7 1.0 -0.6 *
Citrus limon Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coleus barbatus Root Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Collinsonia canadensis Plant -- 16.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Copaifera spp Gum 3900.0 14400.0 *
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.