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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil -- 900.0 -0.8 *
Apium graveolens Seed 1.0 875.0 1.4 *
Acorus calamus Rhizome 60.0 750.0 1.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Illicium verum Fruit 1.0 650.0 0.3 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 2.0 500.0 0.3 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum gratissimum Shoot -- 425.0 1.1 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Lycium chinense Fruit -- 360.0 -0.1 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Mentha longifolia Shoot -- 275.0 0.6 *
Eucalyptus incrassata Leaf -- 240.0 0.8 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot 3.0 200.0 0.3 Bandoni, A.L., Mizrahi, I., and Juarez, M.A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis Growing in Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 11.
Pycnanthemum incanum Shoot 22.0 190.0 0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Metrosideros sclerocarpa Leaf 47.0 188.0 0.6 *
Nepeta cataria Plant 4.0 155.0 0.1 Bourrel, C., Perineau, F., Michel, G., Bessiere, J.M. 1993. Catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) Essential Oil: Analysis of Chemical Constituents, Bacteriostatic and Fungistatic Properties. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 159-167.
Murraya koenigii Leaf 5.0 155.0 0.4 *
Eucalyptus stoatei Leaf -- 150.0 0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Dracocephalum thymiflora Plant -- 148.0 0.1 *
Moldavica thymiflora Plant -- 148.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Levisticum officinale Root 12.0 125.0 1.0 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Cinnamomum verum Leaf -- 120.0 0.2 Mallavarupu, G. R. et al. 1995. Investigation of the essential oil of cinnamon leaf grown at Bangalore and Hyderabad. Flav. & Fragr. J., 10: 239-242.
Eucalyptus tetraptera Leaf -- 120.0 0.2 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.