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Total Plants: 339
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 900.0 -1.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 0.7 45.0 -1.0 *
Zea mays Root -- -- *
Vitex agnus-castus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf -- 2.0 -0.3 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 63800.0 -0.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Valeriana officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 2500.0 13600.0 -0.3 *
Valeriana officinalis Leaf 6.0 345.0 -0.2 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Valeriana officinalis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Flower -- 5.0 -0.7 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 210.0 0.0 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 28.0 -0.4 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus riatarum Shoot -- 300.0 0.2 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Thymus x citriodorus Plant -- 370.0 -0.4 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Thymus vulgaris Plant 15.0 605.0 -0.1 *
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.4 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil -- 17800.0 -0.6 *
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 22.0 -0.4 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus cilicicus Shoot -- 200.0 -0.0 Tumen, G., Koyuncu, M., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil of Thymus cilicicus Boiss. & Bal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.