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Total Plants: 75
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Vitis vinifera Leaf -- -- *
Viola odorata Leaf -- -- *
Viola odorata Flower -- -- *
Verbascum thapsus Seed -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- 0.08 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit Juice 0.01 0.08 *
Trifolium pratense Flower -- 15.0 -0.8 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Trifolium pratense Plant -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Root -- -- *
Tanacetum parthenium Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Stevia rebaudiana Plant -- 10.0 -1.0 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 12.0 0.1 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Flower -- 4.0 -0.8 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Sarracenia flava Essential Oil -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Flower Essent. Oil -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 7.0 32.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Robinia pseudoacacia Flower -- -- *
Rheum palmatum Rhizome -- 0.5 *
Pueraria montana Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus persica Fruit -- -- *
Prunus laurocerasus Leaf -- -- *
Polianthes tuberosa Flower -- -- *
Phaseolus vulgaris Stem Essent. Oil -- -- *
Origanum minutiflorum Shoot 0.1 2.0 -1.0 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- -- *
Narcissus tazetta Flower 165.0 360.0 0.3 *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Morinda citrifolia Fruit -- 0.02 -0.7 *
Menyanthes trifoliata Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 0.01 0.1 -0.9 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Lonicera japonica Flower -- -- Schlotzhauer, W.S., S.D. Pair, and R.J. Horvat. 1996. Volatile constituents from the flowers of Japanese Honeysuckle. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:206-209.
Liquidambar styraciflua Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Liquidambar orientalis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Ligustrum japonicum Flower -- -- *
Levisticum officinale Root 3.0 30.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Juglans nigra Fruit -- -- *
Juglans nigra Essential Oil -- 29000.0 1.0 *
Jasminum officinale Flower 120.0 228.0 -0.1 *
Iris x germanica Rhizome -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Leaf 0.1 30.0 1.6 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 72.
Hyssopus officinalis Flower 3.0 32.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 72.
Hyacinthus orientalis Flower 64.0 920.0 2.0 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Hesperis matronalis Flower -- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root -- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Rhizome Essent. Oil -- -- *
Filipendula ulmaria Essential Oil -- 20000.0 -1.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Filipendula ulmaria Flower Essent. Oil -- 21000.0 *
Ficus carica Fruit -- -- *
Ficus carica Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eruca sativa Hs -- -- *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 1.0 2.0 1.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrullus lanatus Fruit Juice -- -- *
Citrullus colocynthis Petiole -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carica papaya Fruit -- -- -0.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
Cananga odorata Flower -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 10100.0 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Shoot 900.0 1400.0 1.0 *
Callicarpa americana Leaf -- 2.0 -0.8 *
Aspalathus linearis Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Albizia lebbeck Flower -- -- Wealth of India.
Acacia farnesiana Flower -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.