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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zizyphus jujuba Shoot -- 108000.0 0.1 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 6000.0 35000.0 -0.6 *
Zizyphus jujuba Seed 13000.0 17000.0 -0.9 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit 44000.0 49000.0 -0.2 *
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 86000.0 -0.6 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 7700.0 200000.0 1.8 *
Zingiber officinale Root 2450.0 35000.0 -0.9 *
Zea mays Seed 10000.0 90000.0 1.3 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 33000.0 -1.0 *
Yucca baccata Root 13520.0 65000.0 -0.1 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf 13000.0 129000.0 0.2 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 6000.0 146000.0 2.2 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 88000.0 0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 4290.0 77000.0 0.5 *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed -- 18000.0 -0.9 *
Viscum album Leaf -- 54000.0 -1.1 *
Vigna subterranea Seed 18000.0 42000.0 -0.2 *
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 3750.0 53025.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Plant -- 126000.0 0.1 *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 35000.0 56000.0 0.2 *
Vigna aconitifolia Fruit -- 144000.0 2.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10500.0 102740.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 39270.0 45132.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterranea Plant -- 75000.0 -0.8 *
Vigna radiata Seed 32210.0 37609.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Fruit -- 122000.0 1.7 *
Vigna aconitifolia Plant 126000.0 138000.0 0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 16000.0 120000.0 2.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 6000.0 49383.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterranea Fruit -- 54000.0 -0.1 *
Vigna mungo Seed 32000.0 36000.0 -0.4 *
Vigna angularis Seed 32600.0 37622.0 -0.3 *
Vigna aconitifolia Leaf -- 138000.0 0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10500.0 102740.0 0.0 *
Vicia faba Seed 11000.0 57900.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Fruit 8000.0 54800.0 -0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vetiveria zizanioides Leaf 53000.0 90000.0 -0.5 *
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 37840.0 86000.0 -0.6 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit 45000.0 97000.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Valerianella locusta Plant 12000.0 166666.0 0.8 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 16874.0 143000.0 2.2 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 3840.0 48000.0 -0.2 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 4800.0 40000.0 -0.4 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 2500.0 18000.0 -1.0 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 2070.0 13845.0 -1.1 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 16800.0 84000.0 -0.6 *
Uncaria catechu Plant 30000.0 50000.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ulmus rubra Bark 12464.0 76000.0 -0.0 *
Ullucus tuberosus Root 6000.0 44000.0 -0.7 *
Ulex europaeus Seed -- 43000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulex europaeus Plant 16000.0 34000.0 -1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Turnera diffusa Leaf 18900.0 90000.0 -0.5 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 4000.0 57000.0 -0.3 *
Tropaeolum majus Shoot 14000.0 102200.0 -0.0 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 4000.0 12000.0 -1.1 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 5070.0 39000.0 -0.3 *
Trifolium pratense Flower 8100.0 45000.0 -0.5 *
Trifolium pratense Shoot -- 79000.0 -0.5 *
Trifolium pratense Seed -- 41000.0 -0.2 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Tridax procumbens Leaf -- 159000.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 5000.0 92590.0 0.9 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf 46000.0 167000.0 0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 79000.0 85313.0 0.7 *
Tilia sp. Fruit 21000.0 66000.0 0.2 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 113681.0 130809.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 21504.0 128000.0 0.2 *
Theobroma speciosum Fruit 15000.0 38460.0 -0.5 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 7000.0 89060.0 0.8 *
Theobroma angustifolium Seed 18200.0 44600.0 -0.1 *
Theobroma cacao Fruit 38000.0 90475.0 0.9 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Seed 33000.0 41725.0 -0.2 *
Tetrapanax papyrifera Pith -- 59000.0 1.0 *
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 18000.0 300000.0 3.2 *
Terminalia bellirica Leaf 49000.0 80000.0 -0.7 *
Terminalia arjuna Leaf -- 70900.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia catappa Seed 24000.0 43000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf 77000.0 99600.0 -0.3 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 18000.0 205000.0 1.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Taraxacum officinale Root 11440.0 80000.0 0.4 *
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 171000.0 0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Tamarindus indica Leaf 26000.0 73000.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indica Fruit 27000.0 39358.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tamarindus indica Seed 25000.0 32000.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Flower -- 35000.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 14857.0 83000.0 0.2 *
Syzygium cumini Fruit 3000.0 40000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 1000.0 47000.0 -0.3 *
Syzygium jambos Fruit 4000.0 28385.0 -0.7 *
Symphytum officinale Leaf 3960.0 36000.0 -1.5 *
Symphytum officinale Root -- 140000.0 2.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 38000.0 88000.0 0.9 *
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf 63000.0 130000.0 0.2 *
Sterculia urens Gum -- 59200.0 1.0 *
Stellaria media Plant 13031.0 157000.0 0.7 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 10080.0 60000.0 -1.1 *
Spondias purpurea Fruit 6000.0 34000.0 -0.6 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 4000.0 31000.0 -0.7 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 5000.0 52000.0 -0.1 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 4000.0 35000.0 -0.6 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- 182000.0 1.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina spp. Plant -- 43000.0 -1.4 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 16850.0 285700.0 3.0 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed 29000.0 32000.0 -0.5 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Root 8000.0 23000.0 -1.3 *
Spartium junceum Stem -- 44000.0 -0.9 *
Sorbus aucubaria Wood -- 6300.0 -0.4 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 7300.0 57690.0 0.0 *
Sophora japonica Seed -- 39000.0 -0.3 *
Sophora secundiflora Seed -- 32000.0 -0.5 *
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 16000.0 235000.0 2.0 *
Solanum torvum Fruit 11000.0 75000.0 0.5 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 6000.0 73000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solanum melongena Leaf 20000.0 147000.0 0.5 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 8100.0 85000.0 0.6 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 5000.0 80000.0 0.6 *
Smilax officinalis Root 13230.0 63000.0 -0.1 *
Smilax spp Root 13230.0 63000.0 -0.1 *
Sinapis alba Seed 44145.0 49280.0 0.0 *
Simmondsia chinensis Seed 14000.0 16000.0 -1.0 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 63000.0 -1.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianum Leaf 13860.0 63000.0 -1.0 *
Sida rhombifolia Leaf 16000.0 81000.0 -0.7 *
Sicana odorifera Fruit 6000.0 47620.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sesamum indicum Seed 42270.0 65000.0 0.5 *
Sesamum indicum Leaf -- 124000.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Serenoa repens Fruit 3770.0 29000.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Senna alexandrina Leaf 20097.0 99000.0 -0.3 *
Senna obtusifolia Seed 42000.0 48100.0 0.0 *
Sechium edule Shoot 8000.0 108100.0 0.1 *
Sechium edule Leaf 21600.0 122000.0 0.1 *
Sechium edule Fruit 4000.0 57145.0 0.0 *
Secale cereale Seed -- 54750.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Secale cereale Seed 18000.0 24650.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 13152.0 96000.0 -0.5 *
Sclerocarya caffra Seed 48000.0 50000.0 0.1 *
Sclerocarya caffra Fruit 2000.0 24000.0 -0.8 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 6900.0 46000.0 -0.3 *
Schinus molle Fruit -- 54700.0 -0.1 *
Satureja hortensis Plant 21100.0 105000.0 -0.3 *
Sassafras albidum Stem 11000.0 37000.0 -1.2 *
Sassafras albidum Seed 24000.0 26000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sassafras albidum Leaf 33000.0 68000.0 -0.9 *
Santalum acuminatum Fruit 21000.0 90130.0 0.9 *
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 6150.0 32918.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigra Fruit 8600.0 48765.0 -0.2 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 13659.0 87000.0 -0.6 *
Salix alba Bark 18480.0 110000.0 1.1 *
Salix alba Wood -- 8700.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ruscus aculeatus Root 19026.0 63000.0 -0.1 *
Rumex crispus Leaf 15000.0 202703.0 1.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex acetosella Shoot -- 81000.0 -0.5 *
Rumex crispus Root 39321.0 153000.0 2.4 *
Rumex acetosa Leaf 11000.0 110000.0 -0.2 *
Rubus idaeus Leaf 13520.0 80000.0 -0.7 *
Rubus idaeus Fruit 3880.0 30815.0 -0.7 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit 4100.0 31250.0 -0.7 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 23500.0 75570.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosa canina Seed -- 22000.0 -0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa canina Fruit 12716.0 68000.0 0.3 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit 7000.0 30700.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Robinia pseudoacacia Leaf 61000.0 75000.0 -0.8 *
Robinia pseudoacacia Seed 40000.0 47000.0 -0.0 *
Ricinus communis Seed 20000.0 22000.0 -0.8 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ricinus communis Leaf -- 124000.0 0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 4000.0 183000.0 3.3 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 6000.0 75000.0 0.5 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 8050.0 61100.0 0.1 *
Rhynchosia minima Shoot -- 76900.0 -0.6 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 27000.0 96000.0 -0.4 *
Rhus glabra Stem 21000.0 67000.0 0.0 *
Rhus copallina Stem 25000.0 61000.0 -0.2 *
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 182000.0 1.1 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf 89000.0 101000.0 -0.3 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 8000.0 160000.0 0.3 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf 10000.0 194000.0 1.3 *
Raphanus sativus Root 10000.0 185700.0 3.4 *
Quisqualis indica Seed 65000.0 69519.0 0.7 *
Quercus rubra Stem 20000.0 66000.0 -0.0 *
Quercus alba Bark 31008.0 136000.0 2.0 *
Quercus suber Cork 1000.0 40000.0 *
Quercus phellos Stem 14000.0 42000.0 -1.0 *
Quercus stellata Stem 25000.0 84000.0 0.7 *
Quercus alba Stem 20000.0 76000.0 0.4 *
Quercus velutina Stem 24000.0 62000.0 -0.2 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 3000.0 25850.0 -0.8 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 2720.0 40000.0 -0.4 *
Punica granatum Fruit 5000.0 35858.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pueraria montana Root 14000.0 44600.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pterocarpus marsupium Leaf -- 75000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pteridium aquilinum Leaf 6000.0 68965.0 -0.9 *
Pteridium aquilinum Rhizome 83000.0 92222.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 19000.0 99360.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 20000.0 46948.0 -0.8 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 6120.0 80863.0 1.0 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 5000.0 44000.0 -0.3 *
Psidium guajava Seed -- 30000.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Psidium guajava Fruit 4300.0 43200.0 -0.3 *
Prunus persica Fruit 4000.0 150000.0 2.4 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 3810.0 170000.0 2.9 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 7000.0 105000.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus serotina Stem 1900.0 54000.0 -0.5 *
Prunus persica Bark -- 63000.0 -0.5 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 4000.0 48000.0 -0.2 *
Prunus serotina Leaf 29000.0 96000.0 -0.4 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 21000.0 33022.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 5600.0 35345.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus armeniaca Seed 10000.0 30000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prosopis juliflora Fruit -- 48000.0 -0.2 *
Prosopis juliflora Seed 35000.0 300000.0 7.6 *
Prosopis juliflora Leaf -- 85000.0 -0.6 *
Pouteria viridis Fruit 12000.0 37975.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 6000.0 23000.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria caimito Fruit 7000.0 27070.0 -0.8 *
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit 2000.0 11110.0 -1.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pothomorphe sp. Leaf 17000.0 95000.0 -0.4 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 14000.0 159090.0 -1.0 *
Polymnia edulis Root 3000.0 67000.0 -0.0 *
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 70000.0 0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf 12000.0 214285.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorum Root 15000.0 20000.0 -1.4 *
Platonia insignis Fruit 10000.0 40000.0 -0.4 *
Plantago major Seed 18600.0 62000.0 0.4 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 4796.0 22000.0 -0.8 *
Plantago psyllium Hull Husk -- 19800.0 -0.8 *
Pisum sativum Plant 60000.0 191000.0 1.3 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 5600.0 55391.0 -0.0 *
Pisum sativum Seed 8280.0 43138.0 -0.1 *
Pistacia vera Seed 24000.0 33000.0 -0.4 *
Piper methysticum Root -- 32000.0 -1.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Piper nigrum Fruit 42932.0 60000.0 0.1 *
Piper betel Leaf 23000.0 157500.0 0.7 *
Piper auritum Leaf 24000.0 135000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus cembroides Seed 29000.0 30000.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus echinata Shoot 17000.0 42000.0 -1.4 *
Pinus gerardiana Seed 29000.0 31350.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus edulis Seed 22600.0 27000.0 -0.6 *
Pinus pinea Seed 43000.0 47155.0 -0.0 *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit 66000.0 77000.0 0.5 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed 60000.0 100000.0 1.6 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 76000.0 89000.0 -0.5 *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Seed 7300.0 59400.0 0.3 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 18200.0 154295.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower 17000.0 58220.0 -0.2 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas macrocarpa Seed -- 15000.0 -1.0 *
Physalis alkekingi Fruit -- 5000.0 -1.3 *
Physalis peruviana Fruit 8000.0 47000.0 -0.3 *
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 6000.0 82000.0 0.7 *
Physalis angulata Fruit 20000.0 200000.0 3.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 4000.0 25000.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 4000.0 70000.0 0.3 *
Phragmites australis Rhizome -- 58000.0 -0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phragmites australis Shoot -- 108000.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phoradendron serotinum Leaf -- 59000.0 -1.1 *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed 8900.0 18000.0 -0.9 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 5000.0 44800.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 5000.0 53763.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 6000.0 156000.0 2.6 *
Phaseolus lunatus Leaf 5000.0 179000.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifolius Hay 92000.0 123000.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit 16000.0 28000.0 -0.7 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 17000.0 62000.0 0.4 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling 22000.0 61000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Fruit -- 40000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifolius Fruit -- 68000.0 0.3 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf 26000.0 177000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 31000.0 42000.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 15000.0 100000.0 1.6 *
Phaseolus coccineus Seed 28000.0 61000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Petroselinum crispum Plant 10823.0 137000.0 0.3 *
Petasites japonicus Pt 14600.0 26545.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Persea americana Fruit 6000.0 56000.0 -0.0 *
Persea schiedeana Fruit 7200.0 38725.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Perilla frutescens Seed 10000.0 85000.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescens Leaf 20000.0 143000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 3000.0 94000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pelucida Leaf 11000.0 141000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf 23000.0 153335.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peganum harmala Plant 34000.0 105250.0 -0.3 *
Paullinia yoko Bark -- 61000.0 -0.5 *
Paullinia cupana Seed -- 14200.0 -1.0 Abstract (See species file)
Pastinaca sativa Seed -- 12000.0 -1.1 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 9800.0 90000.0 0.6 *
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 4000.0 71000.0 0.4 *
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 8700.0 61900.0 0.1 *
Passiflora edulis Fruit 8000.0 32000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnata Flower 3190.0 29000.0 -0.9 *
Passiflora foetida Fruit 6000.0 33335.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed 8000.0 37000.0 -0.3 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 7000.0 87500.0 0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulis Seed -- 18400.0 -0.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Parthenium integrifolium Root 11040.0 69000.0 0.0 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 65450.0 75060.0 0.8 *
Panicum maximum Leaf 7100.0 160000.0 0.7 *
Panax ginseng Root 10600.0 50000.0 -0.5 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 5000.0 46080.0 -0.8 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed 35000.0 37000.0 -0.3 *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 8000.0 49000.0 -0.5 *
Oryza sativa Seed 7000.0 57000.0 0.3 *
Oryza sativa Plant 75000.0 185800.0 1.2 *
Origanum vulgare Plant 69000.0 79720.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majorana Plant 96900.0 123300.0 0.0 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed 31700.0 241000.0 5.8 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 3000.0 27000.0 -0.8 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 235000.0 1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Olea europaea Twig -- 85000.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaea Leaf -- 61000.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaea Fruit 64000.0 294000.0 6.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Oenothera biennis Seed 47800.0 78000.0 0.9 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Seed -- 2000.0 -1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicum Plant 20000.0 153000.0 0.6 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant -- 97500.0 -0.4 *
Ocimum sanctum Seed -- 2000.0 -1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 15000.0 44000.0 -0.9 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 25000.0 91000.0 -0.5 *
Nigella sativa Seed 38000.0 53000.0 0.2 *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf 120000.0 250000.0 2.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nepeta cataria Plant 6000.0 50000.0 -1.3 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 9000.0 52000.0 0.1 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 9700.0 68000.0 -0.7 *
Nasturtium officinale Herb 13000.0 179000.0 1.0 *
Nandina domestica Seed -- 27000.0 -0.6 *
Myrica cerifera Leaf -- 127000.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica cerifera Bark 13080.0 60000.0 -0.6 *
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 2000.0 24000.0 -0.8 *
Myrciaria dubia Fruit 2000.0 33335.0 -0.6 *
Musa x paradisiaca Shoot 11710.0 158300.0 1.3 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Musa x paradisiaca Hull Husk -- 121000.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Sprout Seedling -- 143000.0 2.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 10090.0 38333.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiaca Flower -- 12000.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Pith -- 6000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Leaf -- 88000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya sp Fruit 10090.0 38333.0 -0.5 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf 15000.0 125000.0 0.1 *
Muntingia calabura Fruit 12000.0 59000.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mucuna pruriens Seed 30000.0 44000.0 -0.1 *
Morus alba Leaf 80000.0 204000.0 1.5 *
Morus alba Fruit 7000.0 72000.0 0.4 *
Moringa oleifera Shoot 22600.0 105900.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Fruit 9700.0 82200.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Seed 32000.0 33333.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleifera Leaf 23000.0 92000.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morinda citrifolia Leaf 15000.0 67000.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Leaf 21000.0 149000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Fruit 4000.0 142000.0 2.2 *
Mirabilis expansa Root 7000.0 42000.0 -0.7 *
Mimulus glabratus Shoot 15000.0 150000.0 1.1 *
Mimosa hostilis Plant -- 34400.0 -1.6 *
Mimosa pudica Seed 36000.0 54000.0 0.2 *
Mimosa pudica Leaf 5000.0 71000.0 -0.8 *
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 73000.0 -0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 21009.0 141000.0 0.4 *
Mentha spicata Plant 16000.0 140485.0 0.4 *
Melilotus indica Plant 85000.0 131000.0 0.2 *
Melilotus alba Seed -- 41000.0 -0.2 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 3400.0 27000.0 -0.8 *
Medicago sativa Seed 44000.0 49830.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Medicago sativa Plant 18800.0 100000.0 -0.4 *
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit 8000.0 17390.0 -1.0 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Maranta arundinacea Root 9000.0 37000.0 -0.9 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 4000.0 24000.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Manihot esculenta Root 5000.0 34300.0 -0.9 *
Manihot esculenta Leaf 27000.0 135000.0 0.3 *
Mangifera indica Leaf 19000.0 133000.0 0.2 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 4700.0 29140.0 -0.7 *
Mangifera indica Seed -- 36600.0 -0.3 *
Mammea americana Fruit 1700.0 23070.0 -0.9 *
Malva parviflora Plant 23000.0 168000.0 0.8 *
Malva neglecta Plant 172500.0 174500.0 1.0 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf 13000.0 155000.0 0.6 *
Malus domestica Fruit 2300.0 43000.0 -0.4 *
Malpighia glabra Fruit 2000.0 42000.0 -0.4 *
Maclura pomifera Wood -- 3300.0 -0.6 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Maclura pomifera Leaf -- 99600.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Macadamia spp Seed 12400.0 17000.0 -0.9 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 5700.0 105461.0 1.3 *
Lycium chinense Leaf 17000.0 163000.0 0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lupinus albus Seed 32800.0 36580.0 -0.3 *
Lupinus mutabilis Seed 35000.0 39000.0 -0.3 *
Lupinus mutabilis Fruit 8000.0 28000.0 -0.7 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 7000.0 71000.0 -0.8 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 4000.0 80000.0 0.6 *
Lobelia inflata Leaf 5537.0 49000.0 -1.2 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 40000.0 82000.0 -0.6 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 20000.0 120000.0 2.3 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Seed -- 52000.0 0.1 *
Linum usitatissimum Hay 62000.0 72000.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimum Seed 26000.0 49000.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Limonia acidissima Seed 50300.0 52290.0 0.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Fruit 19000.0 192300.0 3.5 *
Licania platypus Fruit 9600.0 45480.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Lepidium sativum Seed 57000.0 60440.0 0.4 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 18000.0 169800.0 0.9 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 50000.0 -0.5 *
Leonotis nepetaefolia Seed 59000.0 65000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 9250.0 35833.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 21000.0 30875.0 -0.5 *
Lawsonia inermis Seed 47500.0 52780.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lawsonia inermis Leaf -- 148000.0 0.5 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Larrea tridentata Plant 28294.0 86000.0 -0.6 *
Lantana camara Shoot -- 102900.0 0.0 *
Lantana camara Fruit -- 37000.0 -0.5 *
Lantana camara Stem -- 35000.0 -1.3 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 4300.0 96400.0 1.0 *
Lagenaria siceraria Seed -- 44300.0 -0.1 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 7700.0 290000.0 3.0 *
Lablab purpureus Fruit 10000.0 56818.0 0.0 *
Lablab purpureus Seed 6400.0 52762.0 0.1 *
Kalmia latifolia Leaf -- 36000.0 -1.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Justicia pectoralis Leaf 23000.0 153000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 38000.0 88000.0 -0.3 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 9920.0 32000.0 -0.6 *
Juncus effusus Leaf -- 36000.0 -1.5 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 29000.0 -0.7 *
Juglans regia Seed 12000.0 21000.0 -0.8 *
Juglans cinerea Seed 25150.0 30466.0 -0.5 *
Juglans nigra Seed 23000.0 27770.0 -0.6 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 3480.0 29000.0 *
Juglans nigra Hull Husk -- 29000.0 -0.6 *
Jatropha curcas Seed -- 45000.0 -0.1 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 12000.0 259000.0 2.5 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 13000.0 212500.0 1.6 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 7000.0 36064.0 -0.9 *
Inula helenium Root 15840.0 72000.0 0.1 *
Inga feuillei Aril 4000.0 25000.0 -1.0 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga edulis Seed 13000.0 35425.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Indigofera tinctoria Leaf -- 44000.0 -1.3 *
Ilex paraguariensis Seed -- 13000.0 -1.0 *
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf -- 42500.0 -1.3 *
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 6000.0 38460.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hylocereus guatemalensis Fruit 5400.0 38860.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hydrastis canadensis Root 18282.0 66000.0 -0.0 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root 18900.0 54000.0 -0.4 *
Hydnocarpus wightiana Seed -- 38300.0 -0.3 *
Hydnocarpus kurzii Seed -- 49300.0 0.0 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit 70000.0 100000.0 1.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Humulus lupulus Flower 15996.0 86000.0 0.4 *
Hordeum vulgare Plant 61000.0 235000.0 2.1 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 81000.0 0.6 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed 9000.0 132000.0 2.5 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hippophae rhamnoides Fruit -- 5000.0 -1.3 Abstract (See species file)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf 10000.0 111000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 2200.0 20000.0 -1.1 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 11000.0 115500.0 1.7 *
Helianthus annuus Seed 26000.0 49300.0 0.0 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root 13490.0 71000.0 0.1 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 11400.0 60000.0 -1.0 *
Guarea rusbyi Bark -- 75000.0 -0.1 *
Grindelia squarrosa Seed -- 34000.0 -0.4 *
Gossypium sp Seed 34100.0 47000.0 -0.0 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 16799.0 107000.0 1.1 *
Glycine max Plant 55000.0 119000.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 8000.0 58000.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Fruit 16000.0 52000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Seed 17000.0 61000.0 0.4 *
Gliricidia sepium Leaf 5000.0 33000.0 -1.5 *
Gliricidia sepium Flower 6000.0 69000.0 0.0 *
Gliricidia sepium Seed -- 35000.0 -0.4 *
Gleditsia triacanthos Fruit -- 54000.0 -0.1 *
Gleditsia triacanthos Seed 38000.0 40000.0 -0.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 11520.0 48000.0 -1.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 14000.0 38000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gentiana lutea Root 18040.0 82000.0 0.4 *
Genipa americana Fruit 2000.0 37000.0 -0.5 *
Gardenia jasminoides Seed -- 25000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 2000.0 13140.0 -1.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 29500.0 250000.0 2.3 *
Frangula purshiana Bark 18559.0 67000.0 -0.3 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 3900.0 52065.0 -0.1 *
Foeniculum vulgare Plant 17000.0 170000.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 9720.0 90000.0 1.3 *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 79600.0 93026.0 0.9 *
Ficus carica Fruit 5000.0 57000.0 0.0 *
Ficus carica Leaf 53000.0 167000.0 0.8 *
Ferula assa-foetida Plant 15000.0 100000.0 -0.4 *
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 5000.0 31250.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 19000.0 24000.0 -0.7 *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 19404.0 126000.0 0.1 *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant 6030.0 67000.0 -1.0 *
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 2000.0 35715.0 -0.5 *
Eugenia floribunda Fruit 2000.0 16000.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensis Fruit 4000.0 27210.0 -0.8 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 46000.0 96250.0 -0.4 *
Erythrina berteroana Shoot 12000.0 76000.0 -0.6 *
Erythrina fusca Leaf 14000.0 76000.0 -0.8 *
Eryngium creticus Shoot -- 194700.0 2.1 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 146900.0 1.0 *
Eruca sativa Seed -- 48000.0 0.0 *
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 15620.0 71000.0 -0.8 *
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 4000.0 44000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Equisetum arvense Plant 22684.0 106000.0 -0.3 *
Ephedra sinica Plant 11760.0 56000.0 -1.2 *
Elytrigia repens Plant 61000.0 78000.0 -0.8 *
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 12600.0 60000.0 -0.2 *
Elettaria cardamomum Seed -- 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit -- 54000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 11000.0 60000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 9000.0 17000.0 -1.0 *
Elaeagnus angustifolia Seed -- 24000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 5900.0 31945.0 -0.6 *
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit 7000.0 51000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Echinacea spp Root -- 80000.0 0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpurea Root 20080.0 80000.0 0.4 *
Durio zibethinus Fruit 8000.0 57895.0 0.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginiana Stem 22000.0 54000.0 -0.5 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 3700.0 29210.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginiana Leaf -- 50000.0 -1.2 *
Diospyros virginiana Fruit 9000.0 25280.0 -0.8 *
Dioscorea alata Root 7000.0 35045.0 -0.9 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 35000.0 -0.9 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 19680.0 82000.0 0.4 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 8200.0 44180.0 -0.7 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber 9000.0 31000.0 -1.3 *
Daucus carota Root 56000.0 79000.0 0.3 *
Cytisus scoparius Seed -- 38000.0 -0.3 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 5700.0 35925.0 -0.9 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Leaf 16000.0 145545.0 0.5 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- 58000.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 6100.0 71000.0 0.4 *
Cynara cardunculus Flower 10600.0 106000.0 0.9 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 43000.0 -1.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cydonia oblonga Seed -- 13000.0 -1.0 *
Cydonia oblonga Fruit -- 3000.0 -1.4 *
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 7000.0 122800.0 1.7 *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Seed 33000.0 43000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Leaf 144000.0 165000.0 0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Shoot 75000.0 80000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 14000.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cuscuta europaea Plant -- 80000.0 -0.7 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Curcuma longa Rhizome 9000.0 148000.0 0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longa Plant 9920.0 32000.0 -1.6 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 58000.0 89000.0 0.8 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed 58000.0 89000.0 1.2 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 4800.0 98970.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 5550.0 96045.0 1.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Seed 31000.0 48000.0 0.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Fruit -- 95000.0 1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita maxima Leaf 18200.0 129100.0 0.2 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 47530.0 70000.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Root -- 49000.0 -0.5 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 7500.0 95238.0 1.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Leaf -- 215000.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucumis melo Fruit 6950.0 110000.0 1.4 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 3670.0 140000.0 2.2 *
Croton tiglium Seed 40000.0 60000.0 0.4 *
Crotalaria juncea Seed -- 33000.0 -0.4 *
Crocus sativus Silk Stigma Style 42700.0 133000.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Crescentia alata Seed 38000.0 39000.0 -0.3 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit 29000.0 31800.0 -0.6 *
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 8091.0 29000.0 -0.7 *
Corylus avellana Seed 17000.0 50000.0 0.1 *
Cornus florida Seed -- 36000.0 -0.4 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 19000.0 153000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativum Seed 6000.0 6600.0 -1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 15800.0 151000.0 0.6 *
Commelina benghalensis Leaf 16000.0 115940.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colubrina texensis Shoot -- 87000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 13000.0 155000.0 0.6 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 8000.0 63000.0 -0.1 *
Coffea arabica Seed -- 37400.0 -0.3 *
Cocos nucifera Seed 9000.0 22000.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coccinia grandis Fruit 5000.0 72465.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 17000.0 130000.0 0.2 *
Cnicus benedictus Seed -- 41000.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cnicus benedictus Plant 17689.0 133000.0 0.2 *
Citrus mitis Fruit Juice 6200.0 62000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus paradisi Fruit 3050.0 110000.0 1.4 *
Citrus limon Fruit -- 28000.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 4100.0 36920.0 -0.5 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 2000.0 3800.0 -1.4 *
Citrus mitis Fruit 5400.0 64000.0 0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus reticulata Fruit 3900.0 31525.0 -0.7 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Citrus aurantium Fruit 5000.0 64000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatus Fruit -- 30600.0 -0.7 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrullus lanatus Seed -- 62000.0 0.4 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- 17000.0 -2.0 Wealth of India.
Cinchona spp Seed -- 60000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cimicifuga racemosa Root -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Leaf 6000.0 180000.0 1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 13590.0 240000.0 2.1 *
Cichorium intybus Root 8900.0 44500.0 -0.7 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 24000.0 28900.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chrysophyllum cainito Seed -- 37500.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 3000.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Chrysobalanus icaco Fruit 4000.0 58000.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 3060.0 17000.0 -1.8 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Shoot -- 71000.0 -0.7 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 171000.0 0.9 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf 11000.0 169230.0 0.9 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 13400.0 180110.0 -1.0 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 150000.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 24000.0 166000.0 0.8 *
Chamissoa altissima Leaf 16670.0 166700.0 0.8 Tramil
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 62000.0 -0.1 *
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit -- 20000.0 -0.9 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceratonia siliqua Seed -- 30000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Centella asiatica Leaf 16050.0 150000.0 0.5 *
Cenchrus biflorus Seed 16000.0 18000.0 -0.9 *
Cenchrus biflorus Shoot 77000.0 116000.0 0.3 *
Ceiba pentandra Seed 61000.0 82000.0 1.0 *
Ceiba pentandra Wood -- 59000.0 2.0 *
Cedrela odorata Seed -- 83000.0 1.1 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 16060.0 146000.0 2.2 *
Catha edulis Leaf -- 16000.0 -1.8 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 16700.0 29726.0 -0.5 *
Castanea sativa Seed 12300.0 27060.0 -0.6 *
Castanea dentata Seed 15600.0 28480.0 -0.6 *
Castanea sativa Leaf -- 44000.0 -1.3 *
Cassia tora Sprout Seedling -- 99000.0 0.9 *
Casimiroa edulis Seed 11000.0 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 4800.0 27777.0 -0.7 *
Carya ovata Shoot 25000.0 90000.0 -0.3 *
Carya illinoensis Seed 16000.0 17000.0 -0.9 *
Carya glabra Shoot 20000.0 110000.0 0.2 *
Carum carvi Fruit 56460.0 67620.0 0.3 *
Carum carvi Seed 55000.0 67620.0 0.6 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 5320.0 38000.0 -0.7 *
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 40000.0 45000.0 -0.1 *
Carthamus tinctorius Plant 15000.0 122000.0 0.0 *
Carica pentagona Fruit 4000.0 58825.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papaya Fruit 2970.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Carica papaya Seed -- 88000.0 1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carica papaya Leaf 22000.0 154000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 6000.0 65000.0 0.2 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 13416.0 52000.0 -0.1 *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant 19000.0 161000.0 0.7 *
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 132000.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capparis spinosa Flower 79000.0 140000.0 1.6 *
Cannabis sativa Seed 46000.0 71000.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Canna indica Root 9000.0 53000.0 -0.4 *
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 6000.0 53000.0 -0.1 *
Canavalia ensiformis Seed 29000.0 48000.0 0.0 *
Canarium indicum Seed -- 38500.0 -0.3 *
Calotropis sp. Seed -- 65500.0 0.5 *
Calathea macrosepala Flower 13000.0 168830.0 2.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cajanus cajan Seed 14000.0 46000.0 -0.1 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 13000.0 51000.0 -0.1 *
Cajanus cajan Plant -- 58000.0 -1.1 *
Cajanus cajan Leaf -- 185000.0 1.2 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 6000.0 34885.0 -0.6 *
Bupleurum chinense Root 7810.0 71000.0 0.1 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit 9000.0 56250.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 10700.0 138000.0 0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 13700.0 97818.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica juncea Leaf 10000.0 108695.0 -0.2 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 5830.0 99722.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapa Leaf 8000.0 170960.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 6600.0 121250.0 1.2 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 190000.0 210000.0 1.6 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 5500.0 90145.0 -0.5 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 5700.0 90000.0 0.6 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 2800.0 101708.0 -0.3 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 8000.0 170960.0 0.9 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 2800.0 101708.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea Stem 7000.0 111110.0 1.9 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 6000.0 98072.0 -0.4 *
Brassica juncea Seed 53000.0 56500.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica nigra Seed 50000.0 54112.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica rapa Root 7000.0 86000.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 15000.0 98500.0 -0.4 *
Boehmeria nivea Leaf 21000.0 161540.0 0.8 *
Boehmeria nivea Shoot 134000.0 182000.0 1.8 *
Blighia sapida Seed 14000.0 104000.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Aril 12000.0 449000.0 1.0 *
Bixa orellana Seed 47000.0 54000.0 0.2 *
Bixa orellana Fruit 10000.0 64100.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Betula lenta Leaf -- 77000.0 -0.7 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Beta vulgaris Root 7600.0 140000.0 2.1 *
Beta vulgaris Leaf 15000.0 250000.0 2.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 31840.0 35342.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 100000.0 0.8 *
Berberis vulgaris Root -- 100000.0 0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Benincasa hispida Fruit 3000.0 76925.0 0.5 *
Basella alba Leaf 14000.0 202900.0 1.5 *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 81000.0 -0.7 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Leaf -- 127000.0 0.1 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Shoot -- 66000.0 -0.8 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit 52000.0 81000.0 0.6 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Seed -- 33000.0 -0.4 *
Bactris gasipaes Seed -- 19000.0 -0.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bactris gasipaes Fruit 7200.0 32800.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 19000.0 -1.9 Wealth of India.
Azadirachta indica Fruit -- 39000.0 -0.5 *
Azadirachta indica Leaf -- 112000.0 -0.1 *
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 2600.0 52000.0 -0.1 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 3000.0 68965.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Avena sativa Seed 19000.0 96000.0 1.4 *
Avena sativa Plant 18040.0 82000.0 -0.7 *
Astragalus gummifer Gum 15000.0 30000.0 -1.0 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root 12800.0 80000.0 0.4 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 6000.0 171000.0 1.6 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 2900.0 29000.0 -1.1 *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- 25000.0 -1.8 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 6000.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Asclepias syriaca Seed 37000.0 42000.0 -0.2 *
Asclepias syriaca Latex Exudate -- 12300.0 *
Arundo donax Plant 92000.0 150000.0 0.5 *
Arundo donax Stem -- 42000.0 -1.0 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 15000.0 85850.0 1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 5600.0 33400.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus heterophyllus Seed 15000.0 30990.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 10000.0 37355.0 -0.5 *
Artemisia absinthium Seed -- 66000.0 0.5 *
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf 22000.0 173220.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 9000.0 31150.0 -1.0 *
Armoracia rusticana Plant -- 200000.0 1.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Armoracia rusticana Root 10620.0 59000.0 -0.2 *
Areca catechu Sprout Seedling -- 10000.0 -1.4 *
Areca catechu Seed -- 15000.0 -1.0 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Seed 6000.0 33000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 5800.0 50000.0 -1.2 *
Arctium lappa Root 7990.0 34000.0 -1.0 *
Arctium lappa Leaf 8200.0 35600.0 -1.5 Wealth of India.
Aralia cordata Leaf 6000.0 127660.0 0.2 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 16000.0 28000.0 -0.6 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 73000.0 116000.0 -0.1 *
Arachis hypogaea Leaf 16000.0 74000.0 -0.8 *
Apium graveolens Seed 6720.0 106294.0 1.8 *
Apium graveolens Fruit 6720.0 32000.0 -0.6 *
Apium graveolens Root 8300.0 100000.0 0.9 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Apium graveolens Pt 6000.0 219000.0 1.0 *
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf 166000.0 178950.0 1.1 *
Anredera baselloides Tuber 14000.0 93335.0 0.9 Wealth of India.
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf -- 95000.0 -0.4 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 5000.0 11100.0 -1.2 *
Annona cherimola Fruit 6100.0 34000.0 -0.6 *
Annona diversifolia Fruit 13700.0 48070.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona muricata Fruit 5000.0 38000.0 -0.5 *
Annona squamosa Fruit 7000.0 40000.0 -0.4 *
Annona cherimola Seed 12000.0 15500.0 -1.0 *
Annona glabra Fruit 9000.0 68000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Angelica sinensis Root 12320.0 56000.0 -0.3 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 64000.0 84000.0 0.7 *
Anethum graveolens Plant 26000.0 205880.0 1.5 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 64000.0 84000.0 1.1 *
Anemone coronaria Seed 41000.0 45000.0 -0.1 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 2800.0 36000.0 -0.5 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 26000.0 32000.0 -0.5 *
Anacardium occidentale Leaf 12000.0 40000.0 -1.4 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 2000.0 28000.0 -0.7 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 3100.0 66000.0 -0.0 *
Amorphophallus konjac Root -- 24000.0 -1.2 *
Amorphophallus konjac Leaf 2000.0 77000.0 -0.7 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Shoot -- 163000.0 1.4 *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 26000.0 240000.0 2.1 *
Althaea officinalis Root 8640.0 80000.0 0.4 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 10000.0 71000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aloe spp. Leaf -- -- *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 3000.0 30975.0 -1.0 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Leaf 8000.0 17700.0 -1.8 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot 7000.0 31000.0 -1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 10000.0 395000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasum Root 9000.0 66000.0 -0.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf 10000.0 74000.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Leaf 7000.0 90000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 8000.0 75000.0 -0.8 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 12950.0 35000.0 -0.9 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 4000.0 128000.0 0.2 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower 6000.0 52000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Bulb 4000.0 63000.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasum Flower 4000.0 24000.0 -1.0 *
Aleurites moluccana Seed 30000.0 36000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Albizia lebbeck Leaf 101000.0 104000.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- 42000.0 -0.2 Wealth of India.
Ageratum conyzoides Plant -- 97200.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Agave americana Plant -- 124000.0 0.1 *
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 81000.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aframomum melegueta Fruit 42000.0 103000.0 1.2 *
Aframomum melegueta Seed 25000.0 105000.0 1.7 Wealth of India.
Aesculus hippocastanum Seed 14000.0 30000.0 -0.5 *
Aegle marmelos Fruit 10400.0 44155.0 -0.3 *
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 4500.0 41600.0 -0.4 *
Acrocomia totai Seed -- 19800.0 -0.8 *
Acrocomia totai Fruit -- 103200.0 1.2 *
Achillea millefolium Plant 17700.0 100000.0 -0.4 *
Acalypha indica Leaf 31000.0 159000.0 0.7 Wealth of India.
Acacia tortilis Fruit 51000.0 57000.0 0.0 *
Acacia senegal Fruit -- 71000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia decurrens Seed -- 38000.0 -0.3 *
Acacia tortilis Seed -- 59000.0 0.3 *
Acacia senegal Seed -- 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia nilotica Seed 40000.0 54000.0 0.2 *
Acacia catechu Leaf -- 98000.0 -0.4 *
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- 87000.0 -0.6 *
Acacia senegal Leaf -- 84000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 10000.0 53800.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Abrus precatorius Leaf 17000.0 81000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Abies spectabilis Wood -- 2600.0 -0.6 Wealth of India.
Abies spectabilis Leaf -- 40600.0 -1.4 Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus manihot Leaf 16100.0 138793.0 0.4 *
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 47400.0 -0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 7000.0 70000.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.