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Total Plants: 621
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Plant 190.0 2340.0 -0.0 *
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 130.0 2340.0 -0.1 *
Acacia senegal Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Acacia nilotica Plant -- -- *
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 490.0 2636.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indica Leaf 1470.0 7540.0 0.3 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefolium Plant 119.0 672.0 -0.4 *
Achillea millefolium Leaf 580.0 3100.0 -0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Acorus calamus Plant -- -- *
Actaea racemosa Root -- 21.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 750.0 6370.0 0.1 *
Aegle marmelos Fruit 80.0 1330.0 -0.2 *
Aesculus hippocastanum Leaf -- 147.2 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanum Seed -- 24.0 -0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 4900.0 0.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- 17.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccana Seed -- -- -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Alliaria petiolata Plant -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 100.0 788.0 *
Allium ampeloprasum Root 170.0 1241.0 0.1 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf 390.0 2868.0 -0.2 *
Allium cepa Leaf 390.0 5000.0 0.0 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 57.0 9875.0 0.5 *
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 170.0 3019.0 -0.2 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower 440.0 3793.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Bulb -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot 420.0 1883.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasum Flower 400.0 2367.0 -0.1 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Leaf -- 50.0 -0.4 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root -- 572.0 -0.3 *
Aloe vera Leaf -- 6260.0 0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aloe spp. Leaf 31.0 6260.0 0.1 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 260.0 1844.0 2.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalis Root 177.0 1640.0 0.3 *
Althaea officinalis Seed -- 1640.0 0.6 *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 98.0 5030.0 0.0 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 345.0 6263.0 0.1 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 15.0 279.0 -0.5 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 20.0 21.0 -0.3 *
Anacardium occidentale Leaf 890.0 2957.0 -0.2 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 252.0 17500.0 0.8 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 148.0 4178.0 -0.0 *
Anethum graveolens Seed -- 1150.0 0.4 *
Anethum graveolens Plant 1214.0 1440.0 -0.3 *
Angelica sinensis Root 67.0 304.0 -0.5 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 150.0 1400.0 -0.2 *
Annona muricata Fruit 190.0 1540.0 -0.2 *
Annona glabra Fruit 210.0 1590.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona cherimola Fruit 50.0 725.0 -0.2 *
Annona squamosa Fruit 340.0 1600.0 -0.2 *
Annona diversifolia Fruit -- 140.0 -0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Apium graveolens Pt 58.0 2778.0 -0.3 *
Apium graveolens Plant 17.0 129.0 -0.6 *
Apium graveolens Fruit 357.0 1700.0 -0.2 *
Apium graveolens Seed 171.0 1700.0 0.7 *
Apium graveolens Shoot 17.0 129.0 -0.4 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed -- 190.0 -0.2 *
Arachis hypogaea Leaf 980.0 4558.0 -0.0 *
Aralia cordata Leaf 50.0 1065.0 -0.3 *
Arctium lappa Root 20.0 85.0 -0.6 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 22.0 191.0 -0.4 *
Areca catechu Seed -- -- *
Armoracia rusticana Plant 1220.0 18200.0 3.7 *
Armoracia rusticana Leaf 2440.0 4560.0 -0.0 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 1800.0 10000.0 5.1 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 310.0 1070.0 -0.0 *
Artemisia absinthium Leaf 1200.0 2600.0 -0.2 *
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf 720.0 5670.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- 588.0 -0.4 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 150.0 985.0 -0.2 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 45.0 435.0 -0.3 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 65.0 275.0 -0.2 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 76.0 893.0 -0.2 *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot 157.0 94000.0 4.2 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 398.0 3976.0 1.6 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 100.0 5714.0 -0.1 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root -- -- *
Avena sativa Plant 26.0 120.0 -0.6 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 160.0 4665.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 200.0 4935.0 0.0 *
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 630.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Bactris gasipaes Fruit 110.0 828.0 -0.2 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit -- 390.0 -0.3 *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 4900.0 0.0 *
Basella alba Leaf 1020.0 14785.0 0.9 *
Benincasa hispida Fruit 130.0 6750.0 0.1 *
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- -- *
Berberis vulgaris Root -- -- -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgaris Fruit 1560.0 3800.0 -0.0 *
Berberis vulgaris Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Bertholletia excelsa Seed -- 7.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgaris Root 50.0 868.0 -0.1 *
Beta vulgaris Leaf 120.0 3696.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellana Fruit 20.0 130.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Seed 780.0 2735.0 1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Aril 260.0 1530.0 *
Boehmeria nivea Leaf 730.0 5615.0 0.1 *
Borago officinalis Shoot -- 39.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Borago officinalis Leaf 30.0 5005.0 0.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 911.0 10360.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 911.0 10360.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 660.0 9300.0 2.0 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 450.0 9713.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea Stem 620.0 6890.0 1.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 190.0 6774.0 0.2 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 234.0 4013.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 1200.0 7720.0 0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 720.0 6069.0 0.1 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 450.0 9713.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 250.0 2415.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapa Root 210.0 2580.0 0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 233.0 3819.0 -0.1 *
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 192.0 3430.0 -0.2 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit 280.0 1750.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinense Root 132.0 1200.0 0.0 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 840.0 9275.0 0.3 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 320.0 1601.0 -0.2 *
Cajanus cajan Seed -- 1279.0 0.4 *
Calathea macrosepala Flower 70.0 910.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calendula officinalis Flower 1330.0 3100.0 0.1 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Canavalia ensiformis Seed -- 23.0 -0.3 *
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 320.0 1488.0 -0.2 *
Canna indica Root 70.0 210.0 -0.5 *
Cannabis sativa Seed -- -- -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capparis spinosa Flower 260.0 2300.0 -0.1 *
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 710.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Capparis spinosa Fruit -- 1335.0 -0.2 Wealth of India.
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant 360.0 5500.0 0.7 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 350.0 23000.0 1.1 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 230.0 20982.0 1.0 *
Carica pentagona Fruit 290.0 4265.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papaya Fruit 640.0 4741.0 0.0 *
Carica papaya Leaf 1400.0 6222.0 0.1 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 14.0 100.0 -0.8 *
Carthamus tinctorius Seed -- -- -0.3 *
Carya illinoensis Seed 20.0 21.0 -0.3 *
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 230.0 1395.0 -0.2 *
Catha edulis Leaf -- 1610.0 -0.3 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 5.7 51.5 -0.6 *
Centella asiatica Leaf 40.0 374.0 -0.4 *
Centella asiatica Plant -- 138.0 -0.6 *
Cephaelis ipecacuanha Plant -- -- *
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 267.0 -0.8 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 110.0 1020.0 -0.3 *
Chenopodium album Plant 600.0 9000.0 1.5 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 130.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 330.0 -0.5 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf 270.0 4155.0 -0.1 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 59.0 330.0 -0.4 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 370.0 4975.0 *
Chrysobalanus icaco Fruit 90.0 1420.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 30.0 640.0 -0.2 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 30.0 56.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybus Leaf 100.0 2040.0 -0.3 *
Cichorium endivia Leaf 462.0 9302.0 0.4 *
Cichorium intybus Root 50.0 250.0 -0.5 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 28.0 135.0 -0.6 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 309.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- 309.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus colocynthis Fruit -- 122.0 -0.3 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit -- 94.0 -0.3 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 291.0 4444.0 -0.0 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 280.0 3684.0 -0.1 *
Citrus aurantium Leaf -- 3000.0 -0.2 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Citrus mitis Fruit 884.0 11130.0 0.4 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 337.0 3862.0 -0.0 *
Citrus limon Fruit 5208.0 5566.0 0.1 *
Citrus aurantium Fruit 420.0 3947.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitis Fruit Juice 300.0 445.0 1.0 *
Citrus limon Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 500.0 4071.0 -0.0 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant 4.0 30.0 -0.6 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 1960.0 12200.0 0.7 *
Coccinia grandis Fruit 280.0 4058.0 -0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nucifera Seed 20.0 88.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed -- -- -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminata Seed 540.0 1456.0 0.5 *
Colocasia esculenta Root -- 325.0 -0.5 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 69.0 3625.0 -0.1 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 370.0 4080.0 -0.1 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- 920.0 -0.2 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 780.0 6290.0 0.1 *
Corylus avellana Seed 10.0 22.0 -0.3 *
Corylus avellana Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 85.0 -0.3 *
Crataegus laevigata Leaf 166.4 1800.0 -0.3 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Leaf -- 1800.0 -0.3 *
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 24.0 85.0 -0.3 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 397.0 4370.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 148.0 2340.0 -0.1 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 90.0 1071.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Flower 280.0 5773.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminum Tissue Culture -- -- *
Cuminum cyminum Seed -- 76.0 -0.3 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit -- 76.0 -0.3 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome -- 293.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longa Plant -- -- *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 490.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Shoot -- 2800.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 140.0 2800.0 -0.1 *
Cydonia oblonga Fruit 100.0 960.0 -0.2 *
Cynara cardunculus Flower -- 828.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyperus rotundus Root -- 90.0 -0.6 *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 223.0 2060.0 -0.2 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root -- 762.0 -0.2 *
Datura metel Leaf -- 2220.0 -0.2 *
Datura stramonium Plant -- -- *
Daucus carota Root 91.0 775.0 -0.2 *
Dioscorea alata Root -- 100.0 -0.6 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 110.0 460.0 -0.4 *
Dioscorea villosa Rhizome -- 149.0 -0.6 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 194.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 26.0 140.0 -0.6 *
Diospyros virginiana Fruit 660.0 1855.0 -0.2 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 1915.0 9330.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Duchesnea indica Leaf -- -- *
Durio zibethinus Fruit 240.0 1270.0 -0.2 *
Echinacea purpurea Root 212.0 843.0 -0.2 *
Echinacea spp Root -- 843.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea spp Leaf -- 2140.0 -0.2 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit 100.0 725.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus angustifolia Fruit 40.0 500.0 -0.3 *
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 10.0 57.0 -0.3 *
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 120.0 163.0 -0.3 *
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 40.0 317.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 42.0 200.0 -0.5 *
Ephedra sinica Plant 151.0 721.0 -0.4 *
Equisetum arvense Plant 45.0 208.0 -0.5 *
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 10.0 840.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 0.4 1.7 -0.4 *
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 1958.0 -0.3 *
Erythrina fusca Leaf 30.0 780.0 -0.4 *
Erythrina berteroana Shoot 370.0 2340.0 -0.3 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 14.0 15.0 -0.4 *
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 140.0 2115.0 -0.2 *
Eugenia brasiliensis Fruit 188.0 1290.0 -0.2 *
Eugenia floribunda Fruit 230.0 1785.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant -- -- *
Euphorbia hirta Leaf -- 443.0 -0.4 *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 10.0 67.0 -0.6 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- -- -0.3 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 280.0 1750.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus carica Leaf 1050.0 3300.0 -0.1 *
Ficus carica Fruit 20.0 2013.0 -0.2 *
Filipendula ulmaria Flower -- -- *
Filipendula ulmaria Plant -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- -- -0.3 *
Foeniculum vulgare Leaf -- 123600.0 11.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgare Plant 340.0 3148.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fragaria spp Fruit 400.0 6948.0 0.1 *
Fragaria spp Leaf 3190.0 4350.0 -0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Frangula purshiana Bark -- -- -1.0 *
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 30.0 258.0 -0.5 *
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 10.0 255.0 -0.3 *
Genipa americana Fruit 330.0 1020.0 -0.2 *
Gentiana lutea Root 40.0 183.0 -0.5 *
Ginkgo biloba Fruit -- 640.0 -0.2 Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo biloba Seed 150.0 545.0 -0.0 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf -- -- *
Gliricidia sepium Leaf 440.0 3145.0 -0.2 *
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 100.0 949.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Seed -- 849.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Fruit 290.0 942.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 98.0 626.0 -0.3 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 152.0 800.0 -0.4 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root -- -- *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 40.0 306.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 22.0 200.0 -0.8 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flower 40.0 405.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Fruit 540.0 3750.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hippophae rhamnoides Fruit 500.0 14000.0 0.6 *
Hippophae rhamnoides Leaf 1500.0 3400.0 -0.1 *
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 3300.0 -0.1 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed -- -- -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Humulus lupulus Flower 332.0 1782.0 -0.3 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 1782.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrangea arborescens Root -- -- *
Hydrastis canadensis Root 189.0 681.0 -0.3 *
Hylocereus guatemalensis Fruit 80.0 515.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 80.0 515.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hypericum perforatum Shoot -- 16.5 -0.4 *
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- 1300.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hypericum perforatum Leaf -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Seed -- 395.0 -0.1 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Inga edulis Seed 130.0 355.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula helenium Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Inula helenium Root 4.4 20.0 -0.6 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 320.0 7300.0 0.2 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 201.0 1186.0 0.0 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 210.0 4234.0 -0.1 *
Iris x germanica Flower -- 4200.0 0.5 *
Iris x germanica Root -- 870.0 -0.1 *
Iris x germanica Leaf -- 4860.0 0.0 *
Juglans nigra Hull Husk -- -- *
Juglans regia Seed -- 52.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans nigra Fruit -- -- -0.3 *
Juglans regia Leaf 8000.0 13000.0 0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juglans nigra Pericarp -- -- *
Juglans regia Fruit 4500.0 15000.0 0.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus communis Leaf -- 600.0 -0.4 *
Juniperus communis Fruit -- -- *
Justicia pectoralis Leaf 280.0 1867.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureus Seed -- 1063.0 0.3 *
Lablab purpureus Fruit 7.7 63.6 -0.3 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 180.0 3000.0 -0.2 *
Lagenaria siceraria Leaf 50.0 330.0 -0.4 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 101.0 2265.0 -0.1 *
Larrea tridentata Plant 250.0 760.0 -0.4 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 148.0 605.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 42.0 70.0 -0.3 *
Leonurus cardiaca Plant -- 42.0 -0.6 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 690.0 6510.0 0.2 *
Lepidium meyenii Root 25.0 2860.0 1.0 *
Licania platypus Fruit 110.0 1005.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Fruit 20.0 65.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lobelia inflata Leaf 255.0 2252.0 -0.2 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 950.0 9596.0 0.4 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 120.0 2400.0 -0.1 *
Lycium chinense Fruit -- 425.0 -0.3 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycium chinense Leaf 80.0 769.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 50.0 2952.0 -0.1 *
Lycopus europeus Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Macadamia spp Seed -- -- -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maclura pomifera Fruit 30.0 150.0 -0.3 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Malpighia glabra Fruit 16228.0 172231.0 10.4 *
Malus domestica Fruit 20.0 402.0 -0.3 *
Malva neglecta Leaf -- 1175.0 -0.3 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf 240.0 2855.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malva parviflora Plant 454.0 4745.0 0.5 *
Mammea americana Fruit 100.0 1515.0 -0.2 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 30.0 1760.0 -0.2 *
Mangifera indica Leaf 530.0 2430.0 -0.2 *
Manihot esculenta Root 97.0 1530.0 0.2 *
Manihot esculenta Leaf 800.0 10000.0 0.5 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 90.0 625.0 -0.2 *
Maranta arundinacea Root 70.0 215.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Marrubium vulgare Plant -- -- *
Marrubium vulgare Flower -- -- *
Matricaria recutita Plant -- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit -- -- -0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativa Leaf -- -- *
Medicago sativa Plant 276.0 1470.0 -0.2 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 8.0 230.0 -0.3 *
Mentha spicata Leaf 135.0 9200.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha x piperita Leaf 30.0 201.0 -0.4 *
Menyanthes trifoliata Leaf -- 2047.0 -0.3 *
Mimosa pudica Leaf 180.0 2570.0 -0.2 *
Mimulus glabratus Shoot 220.0 2200.0 -0.3 *
Momordica charantia Leaf 1700.0 12412.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Fruit 570.0 36447.0 2.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifolia Leaf 520.0 2320.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleifera Leaf 2200.0 8800.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleifera Shoot 517.0 2425.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Fruit -- 1200.0 -0.2 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Morus alba Leaf 2000.0 3000.0 -0.2 *
Morus alba Fruit 50.0 1040.0 -0.2 *
Muntingia calabura Fruit 805.0 3795.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya sp Fruit 161.0 596.0 -0.2 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf 40.0 445.0 -0.4 *
Musa x paradisiaca Hull Husk -- 1380.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 161.0 596.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myrciaria dubia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 170.0 1770.0 -0.2 *
Myrica cerifera Bark 143.0 656.0 1.4 *
Nandina domestica Leaf -- 100.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nasturtium officinale Shoot -- 370.0 -0.4 *
Nasturtium officinale Herb 430.0 13690.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed -- -- *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome -- 15.0 -0.8 *
Nepeta cataria Plant -- -- *
Nigella sativa Leaf -- 2577.0 -0.2 *
Ocimum sanctum Leaf -- 830.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 27.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- 830.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Opuntia ficus-indica Flower -- 940.0 -0.5 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 65.0 1690.0 -0.2 *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- -- *
Origanum majorana Plant 514.0 555.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativa Seed -- -- *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 370.0 2284.0 0.7 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed 240.0 255.0 -0.2 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Plant 140.0 1845.0 -0.2 *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- -0.6 *
Panax ginseng Leaf -- -- *
Panax quinquefolius Plant -- 39.0 -0.6 *
Papaver somniferum Tissue Culture -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Seed -- -- -0.3 *
Papaver somniferum Fruit -- 1120.0 -0.2 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root -- -- *
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 150.0 2680.0 -0.1 *
Passiflora foetida Fruit 150.0 835.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnata Flower 11.0 100.0 -0.8 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 700.0 8750.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulis Fruit 300.0 1205.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed 150.0 695.0 0.1 *
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 108.0 950.0 -0.2 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 160.0 830.0 -0.2 *
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf 50.0 335.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pelucida Leaf 100.0 1280.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 20.0 1250.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneri Root 112.0 302.0 -0.5 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescens Flower -- -- Lamparska, K. 1966. Studies on Vitamin C Dynamics in Perilla ocymoides and in Calendula officinalis Grown in Short and Long Day Conditions. Zesz Nauk Uniw Mikolaja Kopernika Toruniu Biol, 8: 69-.
Perilla frutescens Seed -- 200.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescens Leaf 460.0 3286.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea schiedeana Fruit 57.0 698.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea americana Fruit 65.0 994.0 -0.2 *
Petasites japonicus Pt 315.0 5725.0 1.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispum Shoot -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Plant 430.0 7695.0 1.2 *
Petroselinum crispum Leaf -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Fruit -- 1220.0 -0.2 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Seed -- 952.0 0.2 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf 1100.0 8333.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineus Seed -- 23.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 387.0 4161.0 2.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 10.0 2389.0 -0.1 *
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit -- 270.0 -0.3 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed -- 177.0 -0.2 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling 70.0 194.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit -- 750.0 -0.2 *
Phragmites australis Leaf 2000.0 9100.0 0.4 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 110.0 27293.0 1.4 *
Phyllanthus emblica Plant -- 15610.0 3.1 *
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 20.0 1279.0 -0.2 *
Physalis alkekingi Fruit -- 4000.0 -0.0 *
Physalis peruviana Fruit 365.0 2865.0 -0.1 *
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 20.0 460.0 -0.3 *
Phytolacca americana Shoot 1360.0 16184.0 0.4 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit -- 426.0 -0.3 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 2012.0 2067.0 -0.3 *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit 8.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed 8.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Pinus edulis Seed 20.0 21.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus sylvestris Leaf -- 3000.0 -0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus cembroides Seed -- 10.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper nigrum Fruit -- 10.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper betel Leaf 43.0 2130.0 -0.2 *
Piper auritum Leaf 490.0 3370.0 -0.1 *
Pisum sativum Sprout Seedling -- 1650.0 0.2 *
Pisum sativum Seed 44.0 1892.0 0.8 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 600.0 5935.0 0.1 *
Plantago major Seed -- -- *
Plantago psyllium Seed -- -- -0.3 *
Plantago major Plant -- -- *
Platonia insignis Fruit 180.0 1190.0 -0.2 *
Platycodon grandiflorum Root -- -- *
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf 120.0 2145.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulis Root 250.0 1400.0 0.2 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 105.0 7000.0 -1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp. Plant -- -- *
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit 10.0 55.0 -0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria viridis Fruit 430.0 1360.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 400.0 1475.0 -0.2 *
Pouteria caimito Fruit 490.0 1890.0 -0.2 *
Prunus persica Fruit 14.0 1127.0 -0.2 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 70.0 873.0 -0.2 *
Prunus dulcis Seed -- 13.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 100.0 745.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domestica Fruit 86.0 699.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 222.0 1415.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Psidium guajava Seed -- 8.0 -0.3 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 24.0 18315.0 0.9 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 150.0 2100.0 -0.2 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Fruit -- 190.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed -- -- *
Psoralea esculenta Root 4.0 171.0 -0.5 *
Punica granatum Fruit 40.0 636.0 -0.2 *
Punica granatum Fruit Juice -- -- *
Pyrus communis Fruit 40.0 250.0 -0.3 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 90.0 660.0 -0.2 *
Quercus alba Bark 29.0 127.0 -0.5 *
Raphanus sativus Fruit 690.0 7822.0 0.2 *
Raphanus sativus Root 226.0 6216.0 2.9 *
Raphanus sativus Leaf 810.0 7043.0 0.2 *
Rhamnus cathartica Leaf -- -- *
Rhamnus cathartica Fruit -- -- *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 80.0 2581.0 -0.4 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf 110.0 1833.0 -0.3 *
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 120.0 -0.6 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 300.0 2554.0 -0.1 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 150.0 10030.0 0.3 *
Ribes nigrum Leaf -- -- *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 263.0 2397.0 -0.1 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit 330.0 1450.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa gallica Fruit 5450.0 8470.0 0.2 *
Rosa spp Fruit 1000.0 12500.0 0.5 *
Rosa canina Flower 3000.0 13000.0 3.2 *
Rosa canina Fruit 1384.0 7400.0 0.2 *
Rosa rubiginosa Seed -- 12500.0 7.2 *
Rosa multiflora Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.3 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 11.0 675.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 612.0 673.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeus Leaf 620.0 3670.0 -0.1 *
Rubus fruticosus Leaf -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Fruit 70.0 1870.0 -0.2 *
Rubus idaeus Seed -- 300.0 -0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rumex acetosella Leaf 500.0 12000.0 0.7 *
Rumex acetosa Leaf 630.0 12400.0 0.7 *
Rumex crispus Leaf 300.0 4054.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex crispus Root 1042.0 4054.0 1.7 *
Ruscus aculeatus Root 77.0 256.0 -0.5 *
Ruta graveolens Leaf -- 4790.0 0.0 *
Salix alba Bark 11.0 68.0 -0.8 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 55.0 350.0 -0.4 *
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 360.0 1782.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigra Leaf 739.0 11000.0 0.6 *
Sambucus nigra Fruit 128.0 1515.0 -0.2 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 153.0 1022.0 -0.2 *
Sclerocarya caffra Fruit 540.0 8190.0 0.2 *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 140.0 1025.0 -0.4 *
Sechium edule Shoot 330.0 4460.0 -0.2 *
Sechium edule Fruit 110.0 1570.0 -0.2 *
Senna alexandrina Leaf 1130.0 5566.0 0.1 *
Serenoa repens Fruit 11.0 88.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sicana odorifera Fruit 139.0 1270.0 -0.2 *
Sida rhombifolia Leaf 900.0 4545.0 -0.0 *
Silybum marianum Leaf 26.0 120.0 -0.4 *
Sinapis alba Plant -- -- *
Smilax spp Root -- -- *
Smilax officinalis Root -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 170.0 990.0 1.4 *
Solanum melongena Leaf 790.0 5809.0 0.1 *
Solanum torvum Fruit 40.0 275.0 -0.3 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 13.0 947.0 -0.2 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 310.0 7925.0 0.2 *
Solanum nigrum Leaf 110.0 4067.0 -0.1 *
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 50.0 625.0 -0.4 *
Sophora japonica Leaf -- 470.0 -0.4 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 39.0 2650.0 -0.1 *
Spinacia oleracea Fruit Juice -- 55.0 -1.0 *
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 239.0 7595.0 1.2 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina spp. Plant -- -- *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 360.0 2750.0 -0.1 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 210.0 2165.0 -0.1 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 160.0 1615.0 -0.2 *
Spondias purpurea Fruit 450.0 2025.0 -0.2 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 1.3 8.0 -0.6 *
Stellaria media Shoot -- -- -0.4 *
Stellaria media Plant 6.0 69.0 -0.6 *
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 110.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinale Root -- 132.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinale Leaf 88.0 800.0 -0.4 *
Syringa vulgaris Leaf -- 1315.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Syzygium cumini Fruit 57.0 1330.0 -0.2 *
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 65.0 4615.0 0.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Bark -- 810.0 2.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium jambos Fruit 30.0 2385.0 -0.1 *
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 32.0 181.0 -0.3 *
Tamarindus indica Leaf -- 263.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indica Fruit 24.0 585.0 -0.2 *
Tamarindus indica Flower -- 600.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 330.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinale Root 54.0 376.0 -0.4 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 18.0 6520.0 0.2 *
Terminalia catappa Seed -- -- -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia chebula Fruit -- 920.0 -0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 300.0 5000.0 0.0 *
Theobroma speciosum Fruit 90.0 230.0 -0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Seed -- -- -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacao Fruit 30.0 70.0 -0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 210.0 1010.0 -0.2 *
Theobroma cacao Seed -- 31.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thuja occidentalis Branches -- -- *
Thymus vulgaris Leaf -- -- -0.4 *
Tilia sp. Leaf -- -- *
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 80.0 491.0 -0.4 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf -- 420.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Flower 534.0 2966.0 0.1 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 78.0 600.0 0.0 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Leaf -- 520.0 -0.4 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Shoot -- -- *
Triticum aestivum Seed -- -- *
Tropaeolum majus Leaf 2000.0 4650.0 -0.0 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 670.0 4800.0 2.1 *
Tropaeolum majus Flower -- 1300.0 -0.4 *
Tropaeolum majus Pt 1000.0 1600.0 -1.0 *
Tulipa gesneriana Stem -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Turnera diffusa Leaf 206.0 983.0 -0.4 *
Ullucus tuberosus Root 230.0 1750.0 0.4 *
Ulmus rubra Bark -- -- -1.0 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 166.0 830.0 -0.4 *
Urtica dioica Plant 640.0 2200.0 -0.1 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 132.0 1650.0 -0.2 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 144.0 1200.0 -0.2 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 280.0 1865.0 -0.2 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 125.0 878.0 -0.2 *
Valeriana officinalis Root -- -- -0.6 *
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 341.0 776.0 -0.4 *
Viburnum opulus Fruit -- 126100.0 7.6 *
Vicia faba Seed 330.0 1735.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Fruit 120.0 820.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 56.0 2633.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Sprout Seedling -- 426.0 -0.7 *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 20.0 44.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 360.0 3523.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 113.0 1506.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Seed -- 22.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 15.0 75.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 16.0 17.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 48.0 53.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 360.0 3523.0 -0.2 *
Vigna angularis Seed -- -- *
Viscum album Fruit -- 7500.0 0.2 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 310.0 -1.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Leaf 3490.0 3870.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 99.0 600.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Yucca baccata Root 27.0 131.0 -0.6 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 11.0 *
Zea mays Seed -- 85.0 -0.3 *
Zingiber officinale Root 20.0 288.0 -0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 317.0 -0.3 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit 300.0 330.0 -0.3 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 460.0 3882.0 -0.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.