Data Views

Total Plants: 14
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot 8.0 80.0 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Piper methysticum Rhizome -- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Essential Oil -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Essential Oil -- -- *
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cistus ladaniferus Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Tabebuia impetiginosa Stem Bark -- -- *
Ruta graveolens Plant -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- 49.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.