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Total Plants: 31
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acorus calamus Rhizome -- 500.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache rugosa Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Betula sp. Shoot -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Boswellia sacra Essential Oil -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Callicarpa americana Leaf -- 0.55 *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 31.0 124.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil 2500.0 10000.0 1.0 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit -- 1.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus sinensis Pericarp -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrus paradisi Pericarp -- -- *
Elettaria cardamomum Seed -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 5.0 -0.7 *
Juniperus oxycedrus Plant -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Leptospermum scoparium Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha longifolia Shoot -- 85.0 1.4 Planta Medica, 57: A83, 1991.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.