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Total Plants: 394
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Carum carvi Seed -- -- *
Centella asiatica Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Shoot -- 2.5 -0.3 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf -- 47.0 -0.5 Mallavarupu, G. R. et al. 1995. Investigation of the essential oil of cinnamon leaf grown at Bangalore and Hyderabad. Flav. & Fragr. J., 10: 239-242.
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 40.0 264.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1500.0 -0.8 *
Cinnamomum camphora Leaf 460.0 920.0 1.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cistus ladaniferus Leaf 24.0 1680.0 2.4 *
Citrus limon Petiole -- 32.0 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.4 *
Citrus limon Pericarp Essent. Oil 4000.0 73000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisi Pericarp -- 7.0 *
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 2.0 3.0 -0.4 *
Citrus limon Essential Oil 6.0 50.0 -0.8 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.