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Total Plants: 394
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- 0.015 -0.8 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 0.01 0.03 -0.4 *
Valeriana officinalis Leaf 22.0 1925.0 2.8 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Valeriana officinalis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Root 95.0 2365.0 2.0 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Valeriana officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 9500.0 75400.0 0.7 *
Vetiveria zizanioides Root -- 165.0 -0.4 *
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf -- 5.0 -0.6 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitis vinifera Leaf Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 1.3 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 8.0 500.0 -0.3 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.