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Total Plants: 394
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Essent. Oil 44000.0 448400.0 2.1 *
Pinus sylvestris Leaf Essent. Oil 6500.0 167000.0 2.5 *
Ferula assa-foetida Seed Essent. Oil -- 127100.0 0.1 *
Citrus limon Leaf Essent. Oil 4000.0 125000.0 1.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitis vinifera Leaf Essent. Oil -- 108000.0 1.3 *
Laurus nobilis Leaf Essent. Oil 4000.0 92700.0 1.0 *
Anethum graveolens Essential Oil -- 83800.0 2.9 *
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil 50000.0 77000.0 -0.2 *
Valeriana officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 9500.0 75400.0 0.7 *
Citrus limon Pericarp Essent. Oil 4000.0 73000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Apium graveolens Root Essent. Oil -- 69000.0 1.0 *
Laurus nobilis Fruit Essent. Oil -- 58500.0 1.8 *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf Essent. Oil 29000.0 58000.0 0.3 *
Origanum majorana Leaf Essent. Oil -- 49000.0 0.1 *
Melaleuca alternifolia Essential Oil 25000.0 31000.0 0.6 *
Melaleuca alternifolia Leaf Essent. Oil -- 29000.0 -0.3 *
Boswellia sacra Essential Oil -- 29000.0 0.5 Wang, W., Zhu, Y. X., Liu, L. Z., Ling, D. K., Qin, X. L., Tian, J. G. 1993. Analysis of the Chemical Constitutents of Essential Oil of Boswellia carterii Birdwood from Somali. Yaowu Fenxi Zazhi 13 3: 170-173.
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit Essent. Oil 17000.0 28000.0 0.3 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 24000.0 -0.4 *
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil 6700.0 23900.0 0.3 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.