Data Views

Total Plants: 609
  CSV  Excel  PDF

Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Eucalyptus globulus Shoot -- 119000.0 11.7 *
Leptospermum polygalifolium Leaf 116875.0 137500.0 8.7 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 34.0 7225.0 4.6 *
Hedeoma drummondii Plant 7.0 6780.0 4.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cleistocalyx fullageri Leaf -- 59488.0 3.6 *
Abies balsamea Plant 545.0 5050.0 3.1 *
Boswellia sacra Essential Oil -- 410000.0 3.0 Wang, W., Zhu, Y. X., Liu, L. Z., Ling, D. K., Qin, X. L., Tian, J. G. 1993. Analysis of the Chemical Constitutents of Essential Oil of Boswellia carterii Birdwood from Somali. Yaowu Fenxi Zazhi 13 3: 170-173.
Eucalyptus grandis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 689000.0 3.0 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Plant 440.0 4800.0 2.9 *
Petroselinum crispum Seed 1.0 31080.0 2.9 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 819.0 13780.0 2.9 *
Sideritis mugronensis Flower 15.0 410.0 2.6 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Petroselinum crispum Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 248500.0 2.4 *
Juniperus communis Essential Oil -- 336000.0 2.4 *
Petroselinum crispum Seed Essent. Oil -- 444000.0 2.3 *
Angelica archangelica Root 35.0 5890.0 2.2 *
Anethum graveolens Shoot Essent. Oil 17500.0 31700.0 2.0 *
Cistus ladaniferus Leaf 40.0 31500.0 1.8 *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil 132000.0 265000.0 1.8 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 530.0 9200.0 1.7 *
Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Essent. Oil -- 259000.0 1.7 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Rosmarinus officinalis Essential Oil 79000.0 250000.0 1.6 *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 200.0 8820.0 1.6 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 39000.0 1.4 *
Psidium guajava Leaf Essent. Oil -- 378000.0 1.3 *
Pinus kesiya Resin, Exudate, Sap 270000.0 941000.0 1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus insularis Resin, Exudate, Sap 270000.0 941000.0 1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 720.0 1.1 *
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil 106000.0 265000.0 1.1 *
Pinus sylvestris Root Essent. Oil 175000.0 200000.0 1.0 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Coleus barbatus Stem Essent. Oil -- 66800.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Cinnamomum verum Bark 20.0 236.0 1.0 *
Salvia officinalis Et -- 35000.0 1.0 *
Aesculus hippocastanum Flower Essent. Oil -- 177000.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus mitis Fruit Juice -- 5.6 1.0 *
Pinus sylvestris Leaf Essent. Oil -- 312000.0 1.0 *
Monarda punctata Plant 40.0 1974.0 0.9 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Peucedanum ostruthium Root 480.0 3360.0 0.9 *
Pinus gerardiana Resin, Exudate, Sap 700000.0 800000.0 0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper cubeba Fruit Essent. Oil 3000.0 130000.0 0.9 *
Monarda fistulosa Plant 3.0 1823.0 0.8 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Acinos suaveolens Shoot -- 9500.0 0.8 Jim Duke's personal files.
Salvia triloba Plant 270.0 1800.0 0.8 *
Apium graveolens Root Essent. Oil -- 179000.0 0.8 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 276000.0 0.8 *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf Essent. Oil 5000.0 260000.0 0.7 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 15.0 1598.0 0.6 *
Artemisia annua Shoot 12.0 7840.0 0.6 *
Salvia officinalis Plant 7.0 1540.0 0.6 *
Eucalyptus maculata Shoot -- 7330.0 0.6 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Valeriana officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 1000.0 239100.0 0.6 *
Umbellularia californica Plant 360.0 1440.0 0.5 *
Myrtus communis Plant 242.0 1420.0 0.5 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 200.0 8820.0 0.5 *
Eucalyptus forrestiana Leaf -- 10110.0 0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Murraya koenigii Leaf -- 9880.0 0.4 *
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil 45000.0 94000.0 0.4 *
Laurus nobilis Fruit Essent. Oil -- 93000.0 0.4 *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf 1250.0 8750.0 0.3 *
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit 21.0 4000.0 0.3 *
Pycnanthemum pilosum Flower 38.0 140.0 0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica archangelica Seed Essent. Oil -- 149000.0 0.3 *
Eucalyptus astringens Shoot -- 4325.0 0.3 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Piper nigrum Fruit -- 3810.0 0.3 *
Sassafras albidum Root 1000.0 2000.0 0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 5.0 555.0 0.2 *
Artemisia salsoloides Shoot -- 3300.0 0.2 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Valeriana officinalis Leaf 2.0 6095.0 0.2 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Eucalyptus punctata Shoot -- 3075.0 0.2 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot 1080.0 3000.0 0.2 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Eucalyptus maideni Shoot -- 3000.0 0.2 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus melliodora Shoot -- 3000.0 0.2 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Satureja douglasii Plant 299.0 884.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Elettaria cardamomum Root Essent. Oil -- 123000.0 0.1 *
Rosmarinus tomentosus Shoot 665.0 2830.0 0.1 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Eucalyptus incrassata Leaf -- 5295.0 0.1 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Pycnanthemum loomisii Shoot 2046.0 2646.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodora Flower -- 115.0 0.1 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Abies alba Plant 590.0 826.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus erythrandra Leaf -- 4970.0 0.1 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot 990.0 2180.0 0.1 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 217.0 3000.0 0.1 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Eucalyptus tetraptera Leaf -- 4355.0 0.1 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Lavandula latifolia Plant 90.0 748.0 0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 730.0 0.0 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Ocimum kilimandscharicum Flower 55.0 105.0 0.0 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Thymus saturejoides Shoot -- 1750.0 0.0 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceus Shoot 405.0 1740.0 0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Artemisia annua Leaf 1345.0 3760.0 0.0 *
Sideritis pauli Shoot -- 1540.0 0.0 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Isanthus brachiatus Plant -- 684.0 0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus x mendizabalii Shoot 680.0 1500.0 0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Lycopus virginicus Plant 266.0 666.0 -0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus orospedanus Plant -- 665.0 -0.0 J. Nat. Prod.
Eucalyptus stoatei Leaf -- 3290.0 -0.0 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus occidentalis Shoot -- 1340.0 -0.0 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus ceratocorys Leaf -- 3185.0 -0.0 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Rosmarinus eriocalyx Shoot 680.0 1225.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus eriocalyx Shoot 680.0 1225.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Eucalyptus bosistoana Shoot -- 1220.0 -0.0 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pycnanthemum setosum Shoot 20.0 1209.0 -0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus desquamata Leaf -- 3000.0 -0.0 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Mentha longifolia Shoot 7.0 1065.0 -0.0 *
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Shoot 1.0 1020.0 -0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot 100.0 1000.0 -0.0 *
Eucalyptus moluccana Shoot -- 935.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Thymus broussonettii Shoot -- 860.0 -0.1 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Pinus sylvestris Leaf 600.0 2500.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eucalyptus largisparsa Leaf -- 2495.0 -0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus sparsa Leaf -- 2495.0 -0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus botryoides Shoot -- 820.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Cunila origanoides Shoot -- 812.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgare Essential Oil 5800.0 56000.0 -0.1 Jim Duke's personal files.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 725.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Eucalyptus diversicolor Shoot -- 710.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides Shoot 156.0 696.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 635.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Eucalyptus porosa Leaf -- 2100.0 -0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Hedychium flavum Shoot -- 590.0 -0.1 *
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 585.0 -0.1 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 585.0 -0.1 *
Eucalyptus tereticornis Shoot -- 585.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot -- 565.0 -0.1 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Micromeria teneriffae Leaf -- 2030.0 -0.1 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Satureja obovata Shoot 300.0 510.0 -0.1 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Thymus zygis Shoot 60.0 490.0 -0.1 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Satureja thymbra Shoot -- 480.0 -0.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Eucalyptus intertexta Leaf -- 1920.0 -0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Myrtus communis Leaf 150.0 1900.0 -0.1 *
Lavandula x hybrida Shoot 300.0 455.0 -0.1 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Eucalyptus globulus Essential Oil -- 52000.0 -0.1 *
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 425.0 -0.1 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 425.0 -0.1 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Ageratum conyzoides Shoot -- 420.0 -0.1 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Shoot -- 410.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Satureja cuneifolia Shoot -- 405.0 -0.1 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Hedeoma reverchonii Plant -- 525.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum gratissimum Flower 47.0 88.0 -0.1 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Eucalyptus saligna Shoot -- 370.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus paniculata Shoot -- 355.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Mentha pulegium Plant 20.0 520.0 -0.1 *
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 325.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 325.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 325.0 -0.1 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Eucalyptus albens Shoot -- 315.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus oviformis Shoot -- 315.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Origanum minutiflorum Shoot 235.0 310.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Eucalyptus sideroxylon Shoot -- 300.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pycnanthemum montanum Shoot 7.0 272.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus cuprea Leaf -- 1595.0 -0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 265.0 -0.1 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 265.0 -0.1 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Eucalyptus cladocalyx Shoot -- 260.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Skimmia arborescens Leaf 325.0 1560.0 -0.1 *
Eucalyptus dealbata Shoot -- 235.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Thymus riatarum Shoot -- 230.0 -0.1 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Origanum vulgare Shoot -- 225.0 -0.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Pycnanthemum muticum Shoot 29.0 200.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- 195.0 -0.1 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- 195.0 -0.1 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Hyssopus officinalis Leaf 0.1 1460.0 -0.1 *
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 170.0 -0.1 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 170.0 -0.1 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Curcuma longa Leaf 60.0 1440.0 -0.1 *
Sideritis athoa Shoot -- 160.0 -0.1 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Eucalyptus dolichorhyncha Leaf -- 1425.0 -0.1 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus siderophloia Shoot -- 150.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Satureja cilicica Shoot -- 150.0 -0.1 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Pycnanthemum virginianum Shoot 6.0 145.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum californicum Shoot -- 144.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Litsea glaucescens Shoot 90.0 140.0 -0.1 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Eucalyptus polyanthemos Shoot -- 135.0 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pelargonium roseum Shoot -- 126.0 -0.1 *
Pycnanthemum incanum Shoot 55.0 114.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides Shoot 84.0 88.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum curvipes Shoot -- 84.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 80.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Teucrium polium Shoot -- 80.0 -0.1 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 70.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Nepeta racemosa Shoot -- 70.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Pycnanthemum verticillatum Shoot -- 63.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 60.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Origanum onites Shoot -- 60.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum onites Shoot -- 60.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Foeniculum vulgare Plant -- 480.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum gratissimum Shoot -- 55.0 -0.1 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Salvia gilliesii Shoot -- 55.0 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Pycnanthemum albescens Shoot 16.0 54.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyptis suaveolens Shoot -- 48.0 -0.1 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyptis suaveolens Shoot -- 48.0 -0.1 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Coridothymus capitatus Shoot -- 44.0 -0.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Trichostemma dichotomum Shoot -- 35.0 -0.1 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Lantana camara Shoot -- 35.0 -0.1 *
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 32.0 -0.1 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 32.0 -0.1 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Piper cubeba Fruit 1100.0 2200.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 30.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 25.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Satureja odora Shoot -- 22.0 -0.1 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Pycnanthemum beadlei Shoot -- 21.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Satureja parvifolia Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Pycnanthemum torreyi Shoot -- 20.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Shoot -- 15.0 -0.1 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Tanacetum parthenium Shoot -- 15.0 -0.1 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 14.0 -0.1 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Calamintha nepeta Shoot -- 13.0 -0.1 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 13.0 -0.1 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Daucus carota Shoot -- 12.0 -0.1 *
Nepeta racemosa Shoot -- 10.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 9.0 -0.1 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Teucrium gnaphalodes Shoot -- 8.0 -0.1 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 8.0 -0.1 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 8.0 -0.1 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Elsholtzia pilosa Shoot -- 7.6 -0.1 *
Tagetes filifolia Shoot -- 4.7 -0.1 *
Satureja grandiflora Shoot -- 4.0 -0.1 Carnat, A., Chossegros, A., and Lamaison, J. 1991. The Essential Oil of Satureja grandiflora (L.) Scheele from France. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 361-362
Minthostachys mollis Shoot 2.0 4.0 -0.1 Alkire, B.H., Tucker, A.O., and Maciarello, M.J. 1994. Tipo (Minthostachys mollis (Lamiaceae): An Ecuadorian Mint. Econ. Bot. 48(1): 60-64.
Thymus capitatus Shoot -- 4.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 3.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 3.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Dictamnus albus Shoot -- 1.0 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albus Shoot -- 0.7 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albus Shoot -- 0.7 -0.1 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Pelargonium citrosum Shoot -- 0.6 -0.1 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Acinos alpinus Shoot -- 0.5 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Acinos alpinus Shoot -- 0.5 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Elsholtzia blanda Shoot -- 0.4 -0.1 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Teucrium oxylepis Shoot -- 0.35 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Micromeria myrtifolia Shoot -- 0.3 -0.1 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Teucrium salviastrum Shoot -- 0.2 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium oxylepis Shoot -- 0.18 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium asiaticum Shoot -- 0.18 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Elsholtzia cristata Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Kobold, U., Vostrowsky, O., Bestmann, H.J., Bisht, J.C., Pant, A.K., Melkani, A.B. and Mathela, C.S. 1987. Terpenoids from Elsholtzia Species; II. Constituents of Essential Oil from a New Chemotype of Elsholtzia cristata. Planta Medica 1987: 268-271.
Eucalyptus blakelyi Shoot -- 0.1 -0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Teucrium scorodonia Shoot -- 0.08 -0.1 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Salvia dorisiana Shoot -- -- -0.1 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Eucalyptus nova-anglica Leaf 0.1 1185.0 -0.1 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Achillea millefolium Leaf 1.0 1000.0 -0.2 *
Peumus boldus Leaf 1.0 1000.0 -0.2 *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf -- 950.0 -0.2 *
Alpinia galanga Leaf -- 900.0 -0.2 *
Eucalyptus angulosa Leaf -- 835.0 -0.2 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus brassiana Leaf -- 825.0 -0.2 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Monarda media Plant 137.0 434.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus leucoxylon Leaf -- 720.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Melaleuca alternifolia Leaf 200.0 700.0 -0.2 *
Salvia canariensis Leaf -- 670.0 -0.2 Casnigueral,S., Iglesias,J., Vila,R., Virgili,A. and Ibanez,C.1994. The Essential Oil from Leaves of Salvia canariensis L. Flav. & Frag. J. 9:201-204. S. Canigueral, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Ave.Diagonal 643,E-08028, Barcelone Spain
Abies spectabilis Leaf 150.0 515.0 -0.2 *
Mentha x rotundifolia Leaf 4.0 430.0 -0.2 *
Teucrium cyprium Leaf -- 430.0 -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 425.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Eucalyptus lansdowneana Leaf -- 420.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Anethum graveolens Leaf 25.0 405.0 -0.2 *
Melaleuca linariifolia Leaf 150.0 400.0 -0.2 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Micromeria fruticosa Leaf 1.0 390.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf 5.0 380.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha spicata Leaf 5.0 375.0 -0.2 *
Teucrium divaricatum Leaf -- 365.0 -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 330.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Cinnamomum camphora Leaf 140.0 280.0 -0.2 *
Salvia officinalis Essential Oil 11700.0 40100.0 -0.2 *
Teucrium micropodioides Leaf -- 265.0 -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Eucalyptus bridgesiana Leaf -- 255.0 -0.2 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Eucalyptus bridgesiana Growing in India. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 449-450.
Melaleuca cajuputi Leaf -- 250.0 -0.2 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 5.0 230.0 -0.2 *
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 225.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Meleleuca howeana Leaf 102.0 221.0 -0.2 *
Eucalyptus odorata Leaf -- 190.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Cleonia lusitanica Leaf 90.0 170.0 -0.2 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Pycnanthemum pilosum Leaf 38.0 140.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 130.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Micromeria congesta Leaf 95.0 130.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Pilocarpus jaborandi Leaf -- 125.0 -0.2 *
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- 125.0 -0.2 *
Sideritis mugronensis Leaf 75.0 110.0 -0.2 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Turnera diffusa Leaf 50.0 100.0 -0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Calamintha nepeta Leaf -- 90.0 -0.2 Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Eucalyptus fasiculosa Leaf -- 90.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Monarda didyma Leaf 50.0 90.0 -0.2 *
Micromeria croatica Leaf -- 90.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Ocimum kilimandscharicum Leaf 40.0 85.0 -0.2 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Eucalyptus populnea Leaf -- 71.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Mentha aquatica Leaf 18.0 68.0 -0.2 *
Micromeria thymifolia Leaf -- 65.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus behriana Leaf -- 65.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Monarda citriodora Leaf -- 65.0 -0.2 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Micromeria juliana Leaf -- 65.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Ravensara aromatica Leaf -- 60.0 -0.2 *
Micromeria dalmatica Leaf -- 60.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus viridis Leaf -- 55.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Citrus paradisi Leaf -- 55.0 -0.2 *
Ocimum gratissimum Leaf 23.0 43.0 -0.2 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf -- 34.0 -0.2 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf -- 34.0 -0.2 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Callicarpa americana Leaf -- 28.0 -0.2 *
Pilocarpus microphyllus Leaf -- 25.0 -0.2 *
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf -- 21.0 -0.2 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Eucalyptus ochrophloia Leaf -- 21.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Pimenta dioica Leaf -- 20.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus melanophloia Leaf -- 6.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 5.0 -0.2 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Petroselinum crispum Leaf -- 5.0 -0.2 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf 0.1 5.0 -0.2 *
Lindera benzoin Leaf -- 2.0 -0.2 *
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 1.2 -0.2 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 1.2 -0.2 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Citrus aurantium Leaf -- 1.0 -0.2 *
Teucrium kotschyanum Leaf -- -- -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Thymus serpyllum Plant 1.0 362.0 -0.2 *
Monarda didyma Plant 5.0 350.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lepechinia calycina Plant -- 325.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cymbopogon nardus Plant 78.0 312.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Plant 10.0 300.0 -0.3 *
Thymus mastichina Plant -- 260.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgare Shoot Essent. Oil 8400.0 8800.0 -0.3 *
Eucalyptus globulus Fruit Essent. Oil -- 40900.0 -0.3 *
Hypericum perforatum Plant 13.0 245.0 -0.3 *
Satureja montana Plant 5.0 245.0 -0.3 *
Hyptis suaveolens Plant -- 215.0 -0.3 Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 74.
Monarda citriodora Plant 25.0 214.0 -0.3 *
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil 2000.0 26000.0 -0.3 *
Laurus nobilis Leaf Essent. Oil 1300.0 76600.0 -0.3 *
Monarda lindheimeri Plant -- 211.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma pulegioides Plant 24.0 210.0 -0.3 *
Lepechinia schiediana Plant -- 200.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica archangelica Seed 170.0 1500.0 -0.3 *
Melaleuca alternifolia Essential Oil 23000.0 24000.0 -0.3 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 2.0 180.0 -0.4 *
Daucus carota Seed 12.0 1300.0 -0.4 *
Ocimum gratissimum Plant 15.0 155.0 -0.4 *
Coleus barbatus Root Essent. Oil -- 77000.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Thymus capitatus Plant 10.0 150.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coriandrum sativum Seed Essent. Oil 11400.0 52980.0 -0.4 *
Illicium verum Fruit 50.0 1310.0 -0.4 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Origanum vulgare Plant 6.0 143.0 -0.4 *
Coleus barbatus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 66800.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Origanum majorana Essential Oil -- 19000.0 -0.4 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 12.0 1001.0 -0.4 *
Lavandula x intermedia Plant 28.0 120.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Amomum compactum Seed -- 960.0 -0.4 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil 300.0 18000.0 -0.4 *
Sideritis germanicolpitana Plant 88.0 104.0 -0.4 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Juglans nigra Essential Oil -- 17000.0 -0.4 *
Pinus roxburghii Resin, Exudate, Sap 200000.0 300000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Origanum majorana Plant 15.0 86.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Stachys germanica Plant -- 67.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgare Essential Oil -- 14300.0 -0.4 *
Monarda clinopodia Plant -- 65.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carvi Seed 4.0 540.0 -0.4 *
Thymus x citriodorus Plant -- 50.0 -0.4 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Salvia officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 35000.0 55000.0 -0.5 *
Calamintha nepeta Plant -- 40.0 -0.5 J. Ethnopharmacology, 39: 167.
Satureja glabella Plant -- 40.0 -0.5 *
Porophyllum ruderale Plant 27.0 40.0 -0.5 Loayza, I., de Groot, W., Lorenzo, D. et al. 1999. Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia. Flav. & Fragr. J. 14: 393-8.
Agastache foeniculum Plant 1.0 35.0 -0.5 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 24.0 1001.0 -0.5 *
Agastache urticifolia Plant -- 32.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum basilicum Shoot Essent. Oil 4600.0 7200.0 -0.5 *
Satureja subspicata Plant -- 30.0 -0.5 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Leonurus cardiaca Plant 6.0 28.0 -0.5 *
Eryngium foetidum Plant 5.0 25.0 -0.5 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 4.0 22.0 -0.5 *
Lycopus uniflorus Plant 8.0 22.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carvi Plant -- 20.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache nepetoides Plant -- 20.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminum Seed 9.0 330.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma hispida Plant -- 18.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Tagetes minuta Essential Oil -- 10300.0 -0.5 *
Origanum onites Plant -- 16.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pimpinella anisum Seed 1.0 306.0 -0.5 *
Apium graveolens Seed -- 300.0 -0.5 *
Monarda russeliana Plant -- 14.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Plant 3.0 14.0 -0.5 Wealth of India.
Mentha spicata Essential Oil 2000.0 10000.0 -0.5 *
Tanacetum parthenium Essential Oil -- 10000.0 -0.5 *
Artemisia dracunculus Essential Oil -- 10000.0 -0.5 *
Aloysia citrodora Plant 1.0 7.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ageratum conyzoides Plant 0.8 6.5 -0.5 *
Ballota nigra Plant -- 3.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Salvia sclarea Plant -- 3.0 -0.5 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Dracocephalum thymiflora Plant -- 2.0 -0.5 *
Moldavica thymiflora Plant -- 2.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 2.0 -0.5 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Perilla frutescens Shoot Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.5 Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 1.0 -0.5 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 1.0 -0.5 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 11600.0 -0.5 *
Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil -- 8000.0 -0.5 *
Satureja montana Essential Oil -- 6600.0 -0.5 *
Curcuma longa Essential Oil -- 5300.0 -0.5 *
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 43200.0 -0.5 Jim Duke's personal files.
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 99.0 720.0 -0.5 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 1.0 500.0 -0.5 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Centella asiatica Essential Oil -- 2000.0 -0.5 Jim Duke's personal files.
Canarium indicum Essential Oil 400.0 1000.0 -0.6 *
Aralia cordata Root -- 475.0 -0.6 *
Citrus limon Essential Oil 40.0 500.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Myrrhis odorata Essential Oil -- 100.0 -0.6 Hussain, R.A., et. al. 1990. Sweetening Agents of Plant Origin: Phenylpropanoid Constituents of Seven Sweet-Tasting Plants. Econ. Bot. 44 2: 174-182. Program Collab. Res. Pharm. Sci. Coll. Pharmacy Univ. Illinois at Chicago IL 60680, USA.
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil 1.0 3.0 -0.6 *
Carum carvi Fruit 42.0 540.0 -0.6 *
Telosma cordata Flower -- 31.0 -0.6 K. Furukawa, T. Arai, S. Hashimoto, (1993); Volatile components of Telosma cordata Merrill flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol 8, 221-223.
Melaleuca alternifolia Leaf Essent. Oil -- 25000.0 -0.6 *
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Essent. Oil 6900.0 17000.0 -0.6 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 9.0 330.0 -0.6 *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit Essent. Oil 12000.0 16000.0 -0.6 *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit 1.0 306.0 -0.6 *
Ferula assa-foetida Seed Essent. Oil -- 14300.0 -0.6 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 80.0 240.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgare Seed Essent. Oil 4700.0 12000.0 -0.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
Lindera benzoin Fruit 125.0 190.0 -0.7 *
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil 10000.0 10500.0 -0.7 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf Essent. Oil 3700.0 13000.0 -0.7 *
Alpinia galanga Leaf Essent. Oil -- 11600.0 -0.7 *
Levisticum officinale Root 20.0 200.0 -0.7 *
Monarda didyma Flower -- 18.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Citrus reticulata Fruit 50.0 55.0 -0.7 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 35.0 40.0 -0.7 *
Mentha pulegium Leaf Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.7 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit -- 14.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Apium graveolens Fruit Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 -0.7 *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf Essent. Oil 2900.0 6000.0 -0.7 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed Essent. Oil -- 3000.0 -0.7 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot Essent. Oil -- 4400.0 -0.7 *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.7 *
Citrus limon Leaf Essent. Oil 500.0 2000.0 -0.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
Apium graveolens Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.7 *
Citrus limon Fruit Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.8 Jim Duke's personal files.
Daucus carota Root -- 48.0 -0.8 *
Pinus palustris Resin, Exudate, Sap 128600.0 160750.0 -0.8 *
Vetiveria zizanioides Root -- 15.0 -0.8 *
Stevia rebaudiana Flower -- 4.0 -0.8 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Tanacetum parthenium Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -0.8 *
Laurus nobilis Flower -- -- -0.8 *
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit Essent. Oil -- 6.6 -0.8 Jim Duke's personal files.
Curcuma longa Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 5300.0 -0.9 *
Valeriana officinalis Root Essent. Oil -- 25000.0 -1.0 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit Juice -- 0.22 -1.0 *
Apium graveolens Stem Essent. Oil -- 14000.0 -1.0 *
Laurus nobilis Bark -- 27.0 -1.0 *
Apium graveolens Et 12000.0 14000.0 -1.0 *
Tagetes minuta Flower Essent. Oil -- 100.0 -1.0 *
Boswellia sacra Resin, Exudate, Sap 1050.0 71600.0 -1.0 *
Foeniculum vulgare Root Essent. Oil -- 10000.0 -1.1 Jim Duke's personal files.
Melaleuca alternifolia Root Essent. Oil -- 9800.0 -1.1 *
Boswellia serrata Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 9920.0 -1.2 Sabinsa: A series of well documented proprietary PR booklets, e.g.Sabinsa Corps. 1998. Bronchial Asthma - Its etiology and control with traditional herbal extracts. Sabinsa Corporation. Piscataway, NJ. 49 pp.
Acorus calamus Rhizome -- 280.0 -1.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha spicata Shoot -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Rhizome Essent. Oil -- -- *
Leonotis leonurus Se -- 65.0 Pedro, L.G., Barroso, J.G., Marques, N.T., Ascensao, L., Pais, M.S.S. and Scheffer, J.J.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil from Sepals of Leonotis leonurus R. Br. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 451-3
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 *
Pistacia lentiscus Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Artemisia herba-alba Plant -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Essential Oil -- -- *
Gossypium sp Plant -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- -- Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hyssopus officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Tagetes minuta Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Teucrium polium Plant -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Tamarindus indica Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Mentha pulegium Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Nardostachys jatamansi Plant -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- -- Wealth of India.
Rosa gallica Essential Oil -- -- *
Angelica archangelica Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Angelica archangelica Fruit -- -- *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Centella asiatica Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cinnamomum verum Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pinus walliciana Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrus paradisi Fruit -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Lavandula angustifolia Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limon Pericarp Essent. Oil 5000.0 14000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Laurus nobilis Wood -- -- *
Vitex agnus-castus Flower -- -- *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Piper auritum Leaf -- -- Tramil
Ocimum canum Shoot -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ferula assa-foetida Essential Oil -- -- *
Lindera benzoin Twig 35.0 43.0 *
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Barosma betulina Leaf -- -- *
Tagetes filifolia Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Centella asiatica Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Amomum xanthioides Seed -- -- *
Melaleuca leucadendra Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Larrea tridentata Essential Oil -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Essential Oil -- -- *
Melaleuca alternifolia Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Magnolia fargesii Flower -- -- *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Schinus molle Fruit -- -- *
Melaleuca viridiflora Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pimenta dioica Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Commiphora myrrha Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Cinnamomum camphora Plant -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Boswellia serrata Essential Oil -- -- *
Psidium guajava Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- *
Psidium guajava Essential Oil -- -- *
Ribes nigrum Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Marrubium vulgare Essential Oil -- -- *
Ferula gummosa Plant -- -- *
Citrus limon Pericarp -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Crocus sativus Silk Stigma Style -- -- *
Magnolia kobus Flower -- -- *
Abies alba Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Annona squamosa Plant -- -- *
Curcuma longa Tuber -- -- *
Curcuma longa Rhizome -- -- *
Citrus limon Petiole -- 90.0 *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myrica cerifera Leaf -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Helianthus annuus Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Lippia alba Plant -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Eucalyptus citriodora Shoot -- -- *
Ficus carica Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Hesperis matronalis Flower -- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Aniba rosaeodora Essential Oil -- -- *
Marrubium vulgare Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Citrus paradisi Pericarp 12.0 47.0 *
Tetraclinis articulata Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Juniperus communis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Magnolia officinalis Plant -- -- *
Perilla frutescens Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Juniperus communis Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Agastache rugosa Tissue Culture -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache rugosa Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Zea mays Husk Essent. Oil -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Satureja hortensis Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Abies sachalinensis Branches 2400.0 2700.0 *
Melaleuca leucadendra Plant -- -- *
Polygonum hydropiper Essential Oil -- -- *
Asiasarum heterotropoides Root -- -- *
Mangifera indica Flower -- -- *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Pimpinella anisum Essential Oil -- -- *
Juniperus sabina Plant -- -- *
Myrrhis odorata Plant -- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Anethum graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Essential Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Flower -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Plant -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Twig -- -- *
Tanacetum vulgare Plant -- -- *
Rosa centifolia Essential Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Essential Oil -- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodora Essential Oil -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Bark -- -- *
Piper nigrum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Fruit -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Bulb -- -- *
Collinsonia canadensis Plant -- -- *
Boswellia sacra Resin Essent. Oil -- 35000.0 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Petroselinum crispum Root -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Flower -- -- *
Agathosma betulina Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Seed -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Leaf -- -- *
Myrciaria dubia Fruit -- -- *
Teucrium pseudoscorodonia Shoot -- -- Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Magnolia denudata Twig -- -- *
Capsicum annuum Fruit -- -- *
Juniperus virginiana Leaf -- -- *
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Artemisia capillaris Essential Oil -- -- *
Curcuma zedoaria Rhizome -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Hedeoma pulegioides Pollen Or Spore -- 4000.0 *
Coriandrum sativum Essential Oil -- -- *
Ferula assa-foetida Gum -- 143000.0 *
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Rosa damascena Essential Oil -- -- *
Ruta graveolens Plant -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Tagetes minuta Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Syringa vulgaris Flower -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Echinacea spp Fruit -- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Chrysanthemum balsamita Plant -- -- *
Citrus sinensis Plant -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.