Data Views Total Plants: 3 CSV Excel PDF Click on column headings to sort table by that column Plant Part All Fruit Fruit Essent. Oil Seed Essent. Oil Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- * Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- * Piper nigrum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- * *Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.