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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus moschatus Seed -- 114000.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus manihot Leaf -- 884000.0 0.4 *
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 98900.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 880000.0 895000.0 0.5 *
Abrus precatorius Leaf -- 790000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesiana Leaf -- 814000.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indica Leaf -- 805000.0 -0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Achillea millefolium Plant -- 823000.0 0.2 *
Acrocomia totai Seed -- 31700.0 -0.8 *
Acrocomia totai Fruit -- 43100.0 -3.2 *
Actaea racemosa Root -- 790000.0 0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 812000.0 837000.0 0.3 *
Aegle marmelos Fruit 549600.0 615000.0 -0.7 *
Aesculus hippocastanum Seed 30000.0 400000.0 0.7 *
Aframomum melegueta Fruit -- 210000.0 -2.4 *
Aleurites moluccana Seed -- 70000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot -- 777000.0 -2.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 585000.0 678000.0 -1.4 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 906500.0 920000.0 0.6 *
Allium ampeloprasum Root -- 863000.0 0.6 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root -- 630000.0 -0.9 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf -- 864000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Leaf -- 922000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 854000.0 894000.0 0.4 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower -- 884000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Bulb 866000.0 918000.0 0.8 *
Allium ampeloprasum Flower -- 831000.0 0.1 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 630000.0 870000.0 0.7 *
Aloe spp. Leaf -- 995000.0 0.9 *
Aloe vera Plant -- 995000.0 1.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome -- 859000.0 0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalis Root -- 892000.0 0.8 *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 837000.0 850000.0 0.2 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf -- 916000.0 0.5 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 750000.0 894000.0 0.8 *
Amorphophallus konjac Leaf -- 974000.0 0.8 *
Amphicarpaea bracteata Seed -- 500000.0 1.0 *
Anacardium occidentale Leaf -- 699000.0 -0.5 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 27000.0 52000.0 -0.7 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 856000.0 879000.0 0.5 *
Anacardium occidentale Resin, Exudate, Sap 79000.0 95000.0 -0.9 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 812000.0 890000.0 0.5 *
Anethum graveolens Plant 73000.0 830000.0 0.3 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 70310.0 83690.0 -3.0 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 70310.0 83690.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica sinensis Root -- 780000.0 0.1 *
Anisomeles indica Seed -- 82000.0 -0.6 Wealth of India.
Annona cherimola Seed -- 225000.0 -0.0 *
Annona squamosa Fruit 728000.0 775000.0 0.0 *
Annona diversifolia Fruit 715000.0 720000.0 -0.2 *
Annona cherimola Fruit 687000.0 771000.0 0.0 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 683000.0 801000.0 0.1 *
Annona glabra Fruit -- 860000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona muricata Fruit 811600.0 832000.0 0.3 *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf 123000.0 128000.0 -3.4 *
Anredera baselloides Tuber -- 850000.0 0.6 Wealth of India.
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf -- 72000.0 -3.7 *
Apium graveolens Pt 927000.0 947000.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolens Seed 60400.0 790000.0 2.2 *
Apium graveolens Fruit -- 790000.0 0.1 *
Apium graveolens Root -- 890000.0 0.8 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Arachis hypogaea Leaf -- 785000.0 -0.1 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 56000.0 422000.0 0.7 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 628000.0 842000.0 0.3 *
Aralia cordata Leaf -- 953000.0 0.7 *
Arctium lappa Root -- 765000.0 -0.0 *
Arctium lappa Leaf -- 738000.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf -- 884000.0 0.4 *
Areca catechu Sprout Seedling -- 864000.0 0.5 *
Areca catechu Seed 123000.0 313000.0 0.3 *
Armoracia rusticana Root -- 820000.0 0.3 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root -- 711000.0 -0.4 *
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf -- 873000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus heterophyllus Latex Exudate 650000.0 750000.0 0.7 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 706000.0 891600.0 0.5 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 712740.0 772000.0 0.0 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Seed 516000.0 577000.0 1.3 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed -- 562700.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asimina triloba Fruit 695000.0 766000.0 -0.0 *
Asparagus officinalis Plant 914000.0 950000.0 0.8 *
Asparagus officinalis Root -- 900000.0 0.9 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root -- 840000.0 0.5 *
Avena sativa Seed 48000.0 213000.0 -0.1 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativa Plant -- 780000.0 0.0 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 942000.0 947000.0 0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 874000.0 923000.0 0.7 *
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 884000.0 0.1 Wealth of India.
Bactris gasipaes Seed -- 69000.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bactris gasipaes Fruit 364000.0 609000.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Basella alba Leaf -- 931000.0 0.6 *
Benincasa hispida Fruit 958000.0 962000.0 0.8 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 32860.0 38770.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgaris Leaf 864000.0 926000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Beta vulgaris Root 865000.0 881340.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bixa orellana Fruit -- 844000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellana Seed -- 114000.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Blighia sapida Aril 576000.0 692000.0 0.4 *
Blighia sapida Seed 715000.0 798000.0 2.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria nivea Stem -- 105000.0 -2.0 *
Boehmeria nivea Leaf -- 870000.0 0.3 *
Borago officinalis Herb -- 930000.0 -1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica juncea Leaf -- 908000.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 890000.0 910230.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 947000.0 954000.0 0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Plant 894000.0 926000.0 0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 932500.0 945500.0 0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 890000.0 910230.0 0.5 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 891260.0 901940.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica chinensis Leaf 950000.0 956400.0 0.7 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 950000.0 956400.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea Stem 910000.0 921000.0 0.6 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 891000.0 950000.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigra Seed -- 76000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica juncea Seed -- 62000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica rapa Root 900000.0 921120.0 1.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 839000.0 850000.0 0.2 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 846000.0 945500.0 0.7 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 930030.0 933900.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 916000.0 925000.0 1.0 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit -- 840000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinense Root -- 890000.0 0.8 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 793000.0 832000.0 0.3 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 644000.0 694000.0 -0.3 *
Cajanus cajan Seed 99000.0 695000.0 1.8 *
Calathea macrosepala Flower -- 923000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calotropis sp. Seed -- 74000.0 -0.6 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 40000.0 120000.0 -3.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canarium indicum Seed -- 37600.0 -0.7 *
Canavalia ensiformis Seed 107000.0 120000.0 -0.4 *
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 785000.0 886000.0 0.5 *
Canna indica Root -- 668000.0 -0.7 *
Cannabis sativa Seed 87500.0 136000.0 -0.4 *
Capparis spinosa Flower 696000.0 795000.0 -0.1 *
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 696000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant -- 882000.0 0.5 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 742000.0 937000.0 0.7 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 70000.0 889550.0 0.5 *
Carica papaya Leaf 697000.0 703000.0 -0.5 *
Carica pentagona Fruit 930000.0 932000.0 0.7 *
Carica papaya Fruit -- 865000.0 0.4 *
Carica papaya Latex Exudate -- 750000.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 48000.0 50000.0 -0.7 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower -- 860000.0 0.3 *
Carum carvi Seed 91880.0 155000.0 -0.3 *
Carya illinoensis Seed 30000.0 50540.0 -0.7 *
Carya glabra Plant -- -- *
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 783000.0 820000.0 0.2 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root -- 890000.0 0.8 *
Ceiba pentandra Wood -- 98000.0 *
Cenchrus biflorus Seed -- 98000.0 -0.5 *
Centella asiatica Leaf -- 893000.0 0.4 *
Centella asiatica Plant -- 893000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit 37000.0 247000.0 -2.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ceratonia siliqua Seed 88900.0 142100.0 -0.3 *
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 812000.0 -0.0 *
Chenopodium album Leaf -- 840300.0 0.2 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf -- 855000.0 0.2 *
Chenopodium album Seed 88000.0 94000.0 -0.5 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 834000.0 0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf -- 935000.0 0.6 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf -- 820000.0 0.1 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud -- 925600.0 -1.0 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 895000.0 0.5 *
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 784000.0 857000.0 0.4 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 108220.0 122380.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybus Leaf 931000.0 951000.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 934000.0 943800.0 0.7 *
Cichorium intybus Root 240000.0 800000.0 0.2 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root -- 790000.0 0.1 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- 107000.0 -2.0 Wealth of India.
Citrullus lanatus Seed 71000.0 81000.0 -0.6 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit 915100.0 957000.0 0.8 *
Citrus mitis Fruit 870800.0 871200.0 0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 839000.0 898000.0 0.6 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 877000.0 911000.0 0.6 *
Citrus mitis Fruit Juice -- 896000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus reticulata Fruit 879720.0 886000.0 0.5 *
Citrus aurantium Fruit 857000.0 892000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisi Fruit 847000.0 930000.0 0.7 *
Citrus limon Fruit 850000.0 894000.0 0.5 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- 867000.0 0.4 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 764000.0 811000.0 0.0 *
Coccinia grandis Fruit -- 931000.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nucifera Seed 363000.0 546000.0 1.2 *
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- 84500.0 -3.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nucifera Hull Husk -- 80000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coffea arabica Seed 60000.0 100000.0 -0.5 *
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 89000.0 113000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminata Seed 120000.0 629000.0 1.5 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 660530.0 754000.0 -0.1 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 810000.0 900000.0 0.5 *
Commelina benghalensis Leaf -- 862000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 804000.0 877200.0 0.3 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf -- 73000.0 -3.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 86000.0 112000.0 -2.9 *
Corylus avellana Seed 50000.0 74000.0 -0.6 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 721000.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigata Fruit -- 721000.0 -0.2 *
Crescentia alata Seed -- 34000.0 -0.7 *
Crocus sativus Silk Stigma Style 85000.0 156000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Crotalaria juncea Seed -- 86000.0 -0.5 *
Croton tiglium Seed -- 60000.0 -0.6 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 896000.0 938000.0 0.7 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 944000.0 971000.0 0.9 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit -- 916000.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit -- 936800.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Root -- 653000.0 -0.8 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita maxima Leaf -- 859000.0 0.3 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 65200.0 73110.0 -0.6 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Fruit -- 899000.0 0.6 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cuminum cyminum Fruit -- 81000.0 -3.0 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed -- 81000.0 -0.6 *
Curcuma longa Plant -- 690000.0 -0.3 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome -- 133000.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 825000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cycas revoluta Seed -- 721000.0 1.9 *
Cycas revoluta Fruit -- 618000.0 -0.7 *
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 881000.0 945000.0 0.8 *
Cydonia oblonga Fruit 824000.0 857000.0 0.4 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 798000.0 0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculus Flower 773000.0 854870.0 0.3 *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 827000.0 87800.0 -3.0 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Leaf -- 890000.0 0.4 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 600000.0 794000.0 0.2 *
Daucus carota Root 858000.0 907000.0 0.9 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 796950.0 831850.0 0.4 *
Dioscorea villosa Root -- 760000.0 -0.1 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber -- 710000.0 -0.7 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 690000.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea alata Root 650000.0 786000.0 0.1 *
Diospyros virginiana Fruit -- 644000.0 -0.6 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 794600.0 831000.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Dipteryx odorata Seed 69000.0 102000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Durio zibethinus Fruit 580000.0 810000.0 0.2 *
Echinacea purpurea Root -- 749000.0 -0.1 *
Echinacea spp Root -- 749000.0 -0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 795600.0 815300.0 0.2 *
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit -- 862000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 262000.0 280000.0 -2.1 *
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 773000.0 811000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root -- 790000.0 0.1 *
Elytrigia repens Plant -- 789000.0 0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra sinica Plant -- 790000.0 0.1 *
Equisetum arvense Plant -- 786000.0 0.1 *
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 865000.0 886000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf -- 780000.0 -0.1 *
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 857000.0 -0.4 *
Eryngium creticus Shoot -- 887000.0 0.2 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Erythrina fusca Leaf -- 815000.0 0.0 *
Erythrina berteroana Shoot -- 842000.0 -0.8 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 65000.0 800000.0 -0.0 *
Erythroxylum novogranatense Leaf 100000.0 800000.0 -0.0 *
Eugenia floribunda Fruit -- 871000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 854000.0 907000.0 0.6 *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant -- 910000.0 0.6 *
Euphorbia hirta Leaf -- 781400.0 -0.1 *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant -- 846000.0 0.3 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 110000.0 128000.0 -0.4 *
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 792000.0 840000.0 0.3 *
Ficus carica Leaf -- 676000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ficus carica Fruit 250000.0 877000.0 0.5 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- 892000.0 2.5 *
Foeniculum vulgare Plant 842000.0 900000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 80670.0 104796.0 -2.9 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 870000.0 917000.0 0.6 *
Frangula purshiana Bark -- 723000.0 0.2 *
Fucus vesiculosus Plant -- 882000.0 0.5 *
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 802000.0 849000.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Genipa americana Fruit -- 676000.0 -0.4 *
Gentiana lutea Root -- 780000.0 0.1 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf -- 760000.0 -0.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 124000.0 552000.0 1.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Gliricidia sepium Flower 855000.0 860000.0 0.3 *
Gliricidia sepium Seed -- 132000.0 -0.4 *
Gliricidia sepium Leaf -- 847000.0 0.2 *
Glycine max Fruit -- 692000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 815000.0 863000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Seed 83980.0 682000.0 1.7 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root -- 843000.0 0.5 *
Gossypium sp Seed 67700.0 87700.0 -0.5 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf -- 810000.0 0.0 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root -- 810000.0 0.3 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 370000.0 860000.0 0.7 *
Helianthus annuus Seed 53600.0 72900.0 -0.6 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed 76000.0 129000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flower -- 898000.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf -- 856000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower -- 890000.0 0.5 *
Hippophae rhamnoides Fruit -- 825000.0 0.2 Abstract (See species file)
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 860000.0 0.4 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed 6000.0 178000.0 -0.2 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgare Plant -- 883000.0 0.5 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulus Flower -- 814000.0 0.0 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit 60000.0 120000.0 -2.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hydnocarpus wightiana Seed -- 84800.0 -0.5 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root -- 650000.0 -0.8 *
Hydrastis canadensis Root -- 723000.0 -0.3 *
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 844000.0 922000.0 0.7 *
Hylocereus guatemalensis Fruit 825000.0 830000.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ilex paraguariensis Seed -- 72000.0 -0.6 *
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf -- 55000.0 -3.8 *
Inga edulis Seed -- 633000.0 1.6 *
Inga feuillei Aril -- 840000.0 0.9 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inula helenium Root -- 780000.0 0.1 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 830000.0 878000.0 0.4 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 850000.0 929350.0 0.6 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 682000.0 806000.0 0.2 *
Jatropha curcas Seed -- 66000.0 -0.6 *
Juglans regia Seed 25000.0 42000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinerea Seed 30000.0 36000.0 -0.7 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp -- 880000.0 *
Juglans nigra Seed 31000.0 43600.0 -0.7 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 876000.0 0.5 *
Juniperus communis Fruit -- 690000.0 -0.4 *
Justicia pectoralis Leaf -- 850000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureus Fruit -- 824000.0 0.2 *
Lablab purpureus Seed -- 878000.0 2.5 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 920000.0 971000.0 0.8 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 955400.0 963000.0 0.8 *
Lagenaria siceraria Seed -- 24700.0 -0.8 *
Lantana camara Fruit -- 760000.0 -0.0 *
Larrea tridentata Plant -- 671000.0 -0.4 *
Lawsonia inermis Leaf -- 90000.0 -3.6 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Lawsonia inermis Seed -- 106000.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 650000.0 700000.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 111900.0 124000.0 -0.4 *
Lepidium sativum Seed -- 56900.0 -0.7 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 823000.0 894000.0 0.4 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 153000.0 -4.0 *
Licania platypus Fruit 646000.0 674000.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Fruit -- 695000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Limonia acidissima Seed -- 40000.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Liquidambar orientalis Resin, Exudate, Sap 150000.0 300000.0 0.8 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Resin, Exudate, Sap 150000.0 300000.0 0.8 *
Lobelia inflata Leaf -- 887000.0 0.4 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 930000.0 950000.0 0.8 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 901000.0 940000.0 0.7 *
Lupinus mutabilis Fruit -- 714000.0 -0.2 *
Lupinus albus Seed -- 104400.0 -0.5 *
Lupinus mutabilis Seed 77000.0 104000.0 -0.5 *
Lycium chinense Leaf -- 896000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 910000.0 982000.0 0.9 *
Macadamia spp Seed 28800.0 31000.0 -0.8 *
Maclura pomifera Fruit -- 800000.0 0.1 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Malpighia glabra Fruit 914000.0 923000.0 0.7 *
Malus domestica Fruit 809000.0 896000.0 0.5 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf -- 920000.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Malva parviflora Plant 859000.0 863000.0 0.4 *
Mammea americana Fruit 855000.0 890000.0 0.5 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 754300.0 900000.0 0.6 *
Mangifera indica Leaf -- 782000.0 -0.1 *
Manihot esculenta Root 607000.0 694250.0 -0.5 *
Manihot esculenta Leaf 748000.0 810000.0 0.0 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 690000.0 793000.0 0.1 *
Maranta arundinacea Root 572000.0 674000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit -- 540000.0 -1.0 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativa Seed -- 117000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Medicago sativa Plant -- 812000.0 0.2 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 688000.0 825000.0 0.2 *
Mentha spicata Plant -- 830000.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 912000.0 0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha spicata Leaf -- 855000.0 0.2 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf -- 851000.0 0.2 *
Mimosa pudica Leaf 749000.0 930000.0 0.6 *
Mimulus glabratus Shoot -- 900000.0 0.5 *
Mirabilis expansa Root 650000.0 815000.0 0.3 *
Momordica charantia Leaf 801000.0 846000.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Momordica charantia Fruit 795000.0 934000.0 0.7 *
Morinda citrifolia Leaf -- 776000.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleifera Shoot -- 786600.0 -2.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Fruit -- 882000.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Seed -- 40000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleifera Leaf -- 750000.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morus alba Fruit 850000.0 875000.0 0.5 *
Mucuna pruriens Cr 91000.0 114000.0 *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 71000.0 114000.0 -0.4 *
Muntingia calabura Fruit 751000.0 778000.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya sp Fruit 642170.0 663430.0 -0.5 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf 663000.0 730000.0 -0.4 *
Musa x paradisiaca Flower -- 902000.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Pith -- 883000.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Bulb -- 902000.0 0.6 *
Musa x paradisiaca Shoot -- 926000.0 1.0 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Musa x paradisiaca Latex Exudate -- 114600.0 -1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 626000.0 757000.0 -0.1 *
Myrciaria dubia Fruit 930000.0 940000.0 0.7 *
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 835000.0 871000.0 0.4 *
Myrica cerifera Bark -- 782000.0 0.5 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 62000.0 143000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragrans Aril 82000.0 159000.0 -1.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myroxylon balsamum Seed -- 46000.0 -0.7 *
Nasturtium officinale Herb 897000.0 951000.0 0.8 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 750000.0 838000.0 0.7 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 143000.0 80200.0 -0.6 *
Nepeta cataria Plant -- 880000.0 0.5 *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf 800000.0 900000.0 0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nigella sativa Seed -- 55000.0 -0.7 *
Nyssa sylvatica Resin, Exudate, Sap 150000.0 300000.0 0.8 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant -- 74800.0 -3.0 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 771000.0 865000.0 0.3 *
Oenothera biennis Seed 63000.0 83000.0 -0.6 *
Olea europaea Fruit -- 782000.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed 53000.0 136000.0 -0.4 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 814000.0 864000.0 0.4 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 952600.0 1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgare Plant 68380.0 74820.0 -3.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majorana Plant 74920.0 77880.0 -3.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativa Seed -- 103000.0 -0.5 *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 824000.0 838000.0 0.5 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed -- 54000.0 -0.7 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber -- 891500.0 1.0 *
Panax ginseng Root -- 788000.0 0.1 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 62250.0 73300.0 -0.6 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root -- 840000.0 0.5 *
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed -- 784000.0 2.1 *
Passiflora foetida Fruit -- 820000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 800000.0 944000.0 0.8 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 920000.0 926000.0 0.7 *
Passiflora edulis Seed -- 54000.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 699000.0 860000.0 0.4 *
Passiflora edulis Fruit 751000.0 790000.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnata Flower -- 890000.0 0.5 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 724000.0 810000.0 0.3 *
Paullinia yoko Bark -- 123000.0 -2.0 *
Peganum harmala Plant -- 677000.0 -0.4 *
Peperomia pelucida Leaf -- 922000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf -- 850000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 914000.0 968000.0 0.9 *
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 628600.0 -0.9 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescens Seed 63000.0 178000.0 -0.2 *
Perilla frutescens Leaf -- 860000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americana Fruit 716000.0 830000.0 0.3 *
Persea schiedeana Fruit 765000.0 776000.0 0.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Petasites japonicus Pt -- 945000.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispum Plant -- 921000.0 0.6 *
Phaseolus lunatus Leaf -- 972000.0 0.8 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 49800.0 90100.0 -0.5 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 63000.0 604000.0 1.4 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling -- 640000.0 -1.7 *
Phaseolus coccineus Seed 64200.0 136000.0 -0.4 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Hay 66000.0 108000.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf -- 868000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 46900.0 702400.0 1.8 *
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit 342000.0 583000.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifolius Fruit -- 80000.0 -3.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling -- 907000.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 688000.0 942000.0 0.7 *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed 71700.0 90000.0 -0.5 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 153000.0 785000.0 0.1 *
Phragmites australis Rhizome -- 53000.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 771000.0 841000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 905000.0 914000.0 0.6 *
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 917000.0 930000.0 0.7 *
Physalis angulata Fruit -- 900000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruviana Fruit 789000.0 829000.0 0.3 *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower -- 708000.0 -0.7 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Seed -- 877100.0 2.5 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 483800.0 811400.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americana Shoot -- 916000.0 0.8 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed 95000.0 110000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus gerardiana Seed -- 75000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus cembroides Seed 31000.0 37000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus elliottii Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 20000.0 -1.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus edulis Seed 30000.0 59000.0 -0.6 *
Pinus pinea Seed 56000.0 69750.0 -0.6 *
Piper nigrum Fruit 103109.0 107091.0 -2.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper betel Leaf -- 854000.0 0.2 *
Piper methysticum Root -- 120000.0 -4.2 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Piper auritum Leaf 804000.0 822000.0 0.1 *
Pistacia vera Seed 36500.0 5300.0 -0.9 *
Pisum sativum Seed 760000.0 793670.0 2.2 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 880000.0 897750.0 0.6 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 782000.0 -- *
Plantago major Seed -- 700000.0 1.8 *
Plantago psyllium Hull Husk -- 83000.0 1.0 *
Platonia insignis Fruit 700000.0 723000.0 -0.2 *
Platycodon grandiflorum Root -- 242000.0 -3.5 *
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf -- 944000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 800000.0 0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulis Root 822000.0 909000.0 0.9 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 912000.0 950000.0 0.7 *
Pothomorphe sp. Leaf -- 820000.0 0.1 *
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit -- 820000.0 0.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 572000.0 606000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria caimito Fruit 606000.0 741000.0 -0.1 *
Pouteria viridis Fruit -- 684000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus persica Fruit 835000.0 964000.0 0.8 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 826000.0 874000.0 0.4 *
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 768000.0 808000.0 0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus persica Bark -- 792000.0 0.5 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit -- 963500.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domestica Fruit 840000.0 933000.0 0.7 *
Psidium guajava Seed -- 103000.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Psidium guajava Fruit 770000.0 868000.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 783200.0 843000.0 0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber -- 574000.0 -2.1 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 79780.0 882930.0 2.5 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 758000.0 779000.0 -0.1 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 569800.0 -1.3 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pteridium aquilinum Leaf -- 913000.0 0.5 *
Pterocarpus marsupium Leaf -- 788000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montana Root -- 686000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatum Seed -- 350000.0 0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Punica granatum Fruit 780000.0 823220.0 0.2 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 817000.0 891000.0 0.5 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 800000.0 853000.0 0.4 *
Quercus suber Cork 30000.0 70000.0 *
Quercus alba Bark -- 772000.0 0.4 *
Quisqualis indica Seed -- 65000.0 -0.6 *
Raphanus sativus Leaf -- 856000.0 0.2 *
Raphanus sativus Fruit 899000.0 923000.0 0.7 *
Raphanus sativus Root 926000.0 945000.0 1.2 *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 55000.0 87000.0 -0.5 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Stem 927000.0 950000.0 0.7 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf -- 900000.0 0.5 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- 656000.0 -0.8 *
Rhus copallina Plant -- -- *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 815220.0 824000.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 875000.0 882000.0 0.5 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 834000.0 845000.0 0.3 *
Ricinus communis Seed 51000.0 56000.0 -0.7 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacacia Seed 103000.0 115000.0 -0.4 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit -- 772000.0 0.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa canina Fruit -- 813000.0 0.2 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 77900.0 677700.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeus Fruit -- 865700.0 0.4 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeus Leaf -- 831000.0 0.1 *
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit -- 840000.0 0.3 *
Rumex acetosa Leaf -- 900000.0 0.5 *
Rumex crispus Root -- 743000.0 -0.2 *
Rumex crispus Leaf -- 926000.0 0.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ruscus aculeatus Root -- 698000.0 -0.5 *
Ruscus aculeatus Plant -- 698000.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Salix alba Bark -- 832000.0 0.6 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf -- 843000.0 0.2 *
Sambucus nigra Fruit 791000.0 821600.0 0.2 *
Santalum acuminatum Fruit -- 767000.0 -0.0 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit -- 913000.0 0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sclerocarya caffra Seed -- 39000.0 -0.7 *
Sclerocarya caffra Fruit -- 917000.0 0.6 *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant -- 863000.0 0.4 *
Secale cereale Seed 100000.0 110000.0 -0.5 *
Sechium edule Leaf -- 823000.0 0.1 *
Sechium edule Fruit 925000.0 930000.0 0.7 *
Sechium edule Shoot -- 926000.0 1.0 *
Senna alexandrina Leaf -- 797000.0 -0.1 *
Senna obtusifolia Seed 96800.0 97200.0 -0.5 *
Serenoa repens Fruit -- 870000.0 0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicum Seed 45100.0 50820.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sicana odorifera Fruit 851000.0 874000.0 0.4 *
Sida rhombifolia Leaf -- 802000.0 -0.0 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 882000.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianum Leaf -- 780000.0 -0.1 *
Simmondsia chinensis Seed 43000.0 46000.0 -0.7 *
Sinapis alba Seed 66450.0 75700.0 -0.6 *
Smilax officinalis Root -- 790000.0 0.1 *
Smilax spp Root -- 790000.0 0.1 *
Solanum torvum Fruit -- 854000.0 0.4 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 905000.0 932000.0 0.7 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 858000.0 925000.0 0.7 *
Solanum nigrum Leaf 821000.0 878000.0 0.4 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 700000.0 800000.0 0.1 *
Solanum melongena Leaf -- 864000.0 0.3 *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit -- 900000.0 0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 920000.0 932000.0 0.6 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit -- 740000.0 -0.1 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed -- 94000.0 -0.5 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Root -- 648000.0 -0.8 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 913120.0 930000.0 0.7 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit -- 903000.0 0.6 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 827000.0 880000.0 0.5 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 596000.0 869000.0 0.4 *
Spondias purpurea Fruit 758000.0 762000.0 -0.0 *
Stachys officinalis Plant -- 832000.0 0.3 *
Stellaria media Plant -- 917000.0 0.6 *
Sterculia urens Gum 120000.0 240000.0 *
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 823000.0 0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinale Root -- 862000.0 0.6 *
Symphytum officinale Leaf -- 890000.0 0.4 *
Syzygium jambos Fruit 820000.0 891000.0 0.5 *
Syzygium cumini Fruit 827000.0 858000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 903000.0 935000.0 0.7 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 69000.0 252000.0 -2.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 69000.0 252000.0 -3.7 *
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark -- 821000.0 0.6 *
Tamarindus indica Fruit -- 314000.0 -2.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 895000.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinale Root -- 857000.0 0.6 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 356000.0 880000.0 0.4 *
Terminalia catappa Seed 27000.0 60000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia bellirica Fruit -- 61000.0 -3.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia chebula Fruit -- 100000.0 -2.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia bellirica Leaf 751000.0 780000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf -- 940000.0 0.7 *
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 790000.0 921400.0 0.7 *
Theobroma cacao Fruit -- 580000.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma speciosum Fruit -- 610000.0 -0.7 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Seed 36000.0 523100.0 1.1 *
Theobroma angustifolium Seed 31900.0 441700.0 0.8 *
Theobroma bicolor Petiole -- 505900.0 1.0 *
Theobroma angustifolium Petiole -- 446800.0 -1.0 *
Theobroma cacao Seed -- 36000.0 -0.7 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 74111.0 81690.0 -3.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgaris Leaf -- 832000.0 0.1 *
Tilia sp. Leaf -- 120000.0 -3.4 *
Tilia sp. Fruit -- 681000.0 -0.4 *
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit -- 74000.0 -3.0 *
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 768000.0 776000.0 0.0 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf 720000.0 791000.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit -- 946000.0 0.8 *
Trifolium pratense Flower -- 820000.0 0.1 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed -- 870000.0 2.5 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 60000.0 159000.0 -0.3 *
Triticum aestivum Plant 666000.0 876000.0 0.4 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 860000.0 921000.0 1.0 *
Tropaeolum majus Shoot -- 863000.0 -0.3 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf -- 790000.0 -0.1 *
Ulex europaeus Plant -- 527000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ullucus tuberosus Root 859000.0 863000.0 0.6 *
Ulmus rubra Bark -- 836000.0 0.7 *
Urtica dioica Leaf -- 800000.0 -0.0 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit -- 920000.0 0.6 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit -- 880000.0 0.5 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 843000.0 849000.0 0.3 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 800000.0 932000.0 0.7 *
Valeriana officinalis Root -- 882000.0 0.7 *
Valerianella locusta Plant -- 928000.0 0.7 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit 259000.0 309000.0 -2.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Verbascum thapsus Leaf -- 560000.0 -1.2 *
Viburnum opulus Bark -- 782000.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia faba Seed -- 810000.0 2.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Fruit -- 854000.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 90130.0 108000.0 -0.5 *
Vigna unguiculata Leaf -- 890000.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculata Leaf -- 890000.0 0.4 *
Vigna subterranea Seed 101000.0 573000.0 1.3 *
Vigna mungo Seed 98000.0 106000.0 -0.5 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot -- 897800.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 83120.0 85480.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling -- 888140.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularis Seed -- 134400.0 -0.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 115600.0 668000.0 1.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Shoot -- 897800.0 0.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 872000.0 884560.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 86100.0 94890.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Viscum album Leaf -- 798000.0 -0.0 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 792000.0 0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 761000.0 897000.0 0.5 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf -- 839000.0 0.2 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 150000.0 770000.0 0.0 *
Yucca baccata Root -- 792000.0 0.1 *
Zea mays Seed 100000.0 885000.0 2.5 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 620000.0 1.0 *
Zingiber officinale Root -- 930000.0 1.1 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 93090.0 930000.0 1.0 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 162000.0 830000.0 0.3 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit -- 93000.0 -2.9 *
Zizyphus jujuba Seed -- 213000.0 -0.1 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.