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Total Plants: 64
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Zea mays Cob -- -- *
Zea mays Shoot -- -- *
Zea mays Seed 4.0 31.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitis vinifera Fruit -- -- *
Viola odorata Flower -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Root -- -- *
Vanilla tahitensis Fruit -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Shoot -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit 13000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Vanilla planifolia Seed -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 0.01 0.05 -1.0 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- 0.015 *
Urtica dioica Root -- -- *
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Tabebuia impetiginosa Stem Bark -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower -- -- *
Styrax tonkinensis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 3000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Styrax benzoin Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Solanum melongena Root -- -- *
Serenoa repens Wood -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Scutellaria baicalensis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Rosa canina Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Quercus rubra Wood -- -- *
Quercus suber Cork -- -- *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil -- -- *
Moringa oleifera Stem -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 0.001 0.01 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Melia azedarach Fruit -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Plant -- -- *
Lupinus albus Seed -- -- *
Liquidambar styraciflua Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Liquidambar orientalis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Jasminum officinale Flower -- -- *
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Fruit -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Seed -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Helianthus annuus Root -- 0.9 *
Guaiacum sp. Wood -- -- *
Gastrodia elata Rhizome -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- -- *
Filipendula ulmaria Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ferula assa-foetida Plant -- 600.0 *
Elytrigia repens Rhizome -- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root -- -- *
Echinacea purpurea Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Echinacea spp Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Echinacea purpurea Shoot -- 2.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum camphora Wood -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Plant -- -- *
Catalpa ovata Wood -- -- *
Beta vulgaris Root -- -- *
Avena sativa Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Ananas comosus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.