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Total Plants: 64
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Ananas comosus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Avena sativa Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Beta vulgaris Root -- -- *
Catalpa ovata Wood -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum camphora Wood -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Plant -- -- *
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Echinacea purpurea Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Echinacea spp Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Echinacea purpurea Shoot -- 2.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root -- -- *
Elytrigia repens Rhizome -- -- *
Ferula assa-foetida Plant -- 600.0 *
Filipendula ulmaria Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- -- *
Gastrodia elata Rhizome -- -- *
Guaiacum sp. Wood -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Fruit -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Seed -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Helianthus annuus Root -- 0.9 *
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf -- -- *
Jasminum officinale Flower -- -- *
Liquidambar styraciflua Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Liquidambar orientalis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Lupinus albus Seed -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Plant -- -- *
Melia azedarach Fruit -- -- *
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 0.001 0.01 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Moringa oleifera Stem -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil -- -- *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Quercus rubra Wood -- -- *
Quercus suber Cork -- -- *
Rosa canina Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Scutellaria baicalensis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Serenoa repens Wood -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solanum melongena Root -- -- *
Styrax tonkinensis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 3000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Styrax benzoin Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower -- -- *
Tabebuia impetiginosa Stem Bark -- -- *
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Urtica dioica Root -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 0.01 0.05 -1.0 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- 0.015 *
Vanilla planifolia Root -- -- *
Vanilla tahitensis Fruit -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Shoot -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit 13000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Vanilla planifolia Seed -- -- *
Viola odorata Flower -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Fruit -- -- *
Zea mays Cob -- -- *
Zea mays Shoot -- -- *
Zea mays Seed 4.0 31.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Zingiber officinale Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.