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Total Plants: 64
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Vanilla planifolia Fruit 13000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Zea mays Seed 4.0 31.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 0.01 0.05 -1.0 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 0.001 0.01 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Elytrigia repens Rhizome -- -- *
Catalpa ovata Wood -- -- *
Ananas comosus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Echinacea purpurea Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Fruit -- -- *
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Solanum melongena Root -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Seed -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Zea mays Shoot -- -- *
Zea mays Cob -- -- *
Vanilla tahitensis Fruit -- -- *
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Urtica dioica Root -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- -- *
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Filipendula ulmaria Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil -- -- *
Echinacea spp Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Liquidambar orientalis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Melia azedarach Fruit -- -- *
Ferula assa-foetida Plant -- 600.0 *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Avena sativa Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Helianthus annuus Fruit -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Plant -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Root -- 0.9 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Plant -- -- *
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Guaiacum sp. Wood -- -- *
Viola odorata Flower -- -- *
Echinacea purpurea Shoot -- 2.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Zingiber officinale Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Quercus rubra Wood -- -- *
Jasminum officinale Flower -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower -- -- *
Moringa oleifera Stem -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Styrax benzoin Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Shoot -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Root -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Seed -- -- *
Styrax tonkinensis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 3000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf -- -- *
Liquidambar styraciflua Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- 0.015 *
Quercus suber Cork -- -- *
Rosa canina Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tabebuia impetiginosa Stem Bark -- -- *
Gastrodia elata Rhizome -- -- *
Lupinus albus Seed -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- -- *
Cinnamomum camphora Wood -- -- *
Serenoa repens Wood -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Scutellaria baicalensis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Beta vulgaris Root -- -- *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.