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Total Plants: 18
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 29.0 1.1 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Pimenta racemosa Leaf -- 18.0 0.2 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf -- 2.0 -1.3 *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Ginkgo biloba Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo biloba Wood -- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Agathosma betulina Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Flower Essent. Oil -- -- *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- -- *
Carica papaya Fruit -- 0.001 Jim Duke's personal files.
Stevia rebaudiana Flower -- 4.0 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Hesperis matronalis Flower -- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- 800.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf Essent. Oil 31800.0 42300.0 *
Camellia sinensis Shoot 1500.0 4300.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 5.0 20.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.