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Total Plants: 81
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Lactuca sativa Leaf 0.09 870.0 3.0 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 0.57 264.0 2.8 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- 140.0 2.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 0.2 84.0 2.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 0.2 84.0 2.4 *
Taraxacum officinale Plant 58.0 330.0 1.6 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 0.1 105.0 1.6 *
Zea mays Seed 0.06 63.0 1.6 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 0.45 180.0 1.6 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 50.0 1.5 *
Momordica charantia Fruit -- 100.0 1.5 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Diospyros virginiana Stem -- 162.0 1.3 *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant 130.0 290.0 1.3 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Daucus carota Root 0.017 30.0 1.0 *
Boehmeria nivea Plant 110.0 230.0 0.7 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 2.7 128.0 0.4 *
Rhus glabra Stem 0.2 100.0 0.4 *
Petasites japonicus Plant 170.0 200.0 0.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- 40.0 0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 0.35 203.0 0.2 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 0.5 182.0 0.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Seed -- 20.0 0.1 *
Quercus alba Stem 0.2 76.0 0.1 *
Sassafras albidum Stem 0.16 74.0 0.0 *
Carya glabra Shoot 0.4 110.0 0.0 *
Prunus persica Fruit 0.075 30.0 -0.1 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 0.5 144.0 -0.1 *
Prunus serotina Leaf 0.6 144.0 -0.1 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 0.11 25.5 -0.2 *
Glycine max Seed -- 12.0 -0.2 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf 1.0 102.0 -0.3 *
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant 50.0 121.0 -0.3 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 0.3 18.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 0.17 7.4 -0.4 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 0.355 16.0 -0.4 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed -- 6.1 -0.4 *
Rhus copallina Stem 0.5 43.0 -0.4 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 1.0 57.0 -0.4 *
Quercus phellos Stem 1.0 42.0 -0.5 *
Quercus stellata Stem 1.0 42.0 -0.5 *
Cocos nucifera Seed -- 5.6 -0.5 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 0.2 50.0 -0.5 *
Carya ovata Seed -- 4.3 -0.5 *
Prunus serotina Stem 0.02 38.0 -0.5 *
Prunus dulcis Seed -- 3.5 -0.5 *
Quercus rubra Seed -- 3.2 -0.5 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 0.1 36.0 -0.5 *
Pistacia vera Seed -- 3.1 -0.5 *
Peucedanum decursivum Plant 66.0 100.0 -0.5 *
Juglans nigra Seed -- 2.9 -0.5 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Carya illinoensis Seed -- 2.8 -0.6 *
Juglans cinerea Seed -- 2.7 -0.6 *
Pinus echinata Shoot 3.0 84.0 -0.6 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed -- 2.4 -0.6 *
Corylus avellana Seed -- 2.3 -0.6 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Urtica dioica Leaf -- 27.0 -0.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Citrus paradisi Fruit 0.11 7.7 -0.6 *
Vitis vinifera Fruit 0.11 7.7 -0.6 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 0.075 7.4 -0.6 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 0.75 30.8 -0.6 *
Fallopia japonica Plant 30.0 90.0 -0.6 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 0.135 3.85 -0.7 *
Malus domestica Fruit 0.055 3.0 -0.7 *
Cichorium endivia Leaf 1.0 1.2 -0.7 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 0.95 1.05 -0.7 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 0.435 2.2 -0.7 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 0.35 0.4 -0.7 *
Quercus rubra Stem 0.2 20.0 -0.8 *
Quercus velutina Stem 1.0 12.0 -0.9 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- 30.0 -0.9 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- 30.0 -0.9 *
Beta vulgaris Root 0.5 9.8 -1.0 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 24.0 50.0 -1.0 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Carya ovata Shoot 0.7 45.0 -1.4 *
Petroselinum crispum Plant 1.0 2.0 -1.5 *
Allium cepa Bulb 0.38 11.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Linum usitatissimum Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cichorium intybus Root -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 0.13 17.0 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 60.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.