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Total Plants: 163
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Pycnanthemum nudum Shoot 18525.0 23348.0 5.9 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 7765.0 3.8 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Monarda punctata Plant 2000.0 27633.0 2.8 *
Cunila origanoides Shoot 10600.0 10640.0 2.5 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 15.0 24100.0 2.4 *
Monarda fistulosa Plant 1.0 20850.0 2.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum majorana Shoot Essent. Oil -- 115500.0 2.0 *
Monarda citriodora Leaf -- 3550.0 1.5 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 13560.0 19400.0 1.4 *
Coriandrum sativum Seed Essent. Oil -- 68140.0 1.4 *
Origanum vulgare Shoot -- 6165.0 1.3 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil 231000.0 600500.0 1.3 *
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 5920.0 1.2 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 5920.0 1.2 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 2910.0 1.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja montana Plant 5.0 14030.0 1.2 *
Citrus limon Leaf Essent. Oil -- 11000.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Elsholtzia polystachya Essential Oil -- 500000.0 0.9 Hegnauer, R. 1962-1997. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11. Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Boston, Berlin.
Origanum vulgare Essential Oil 121200.0 500000.0 0.9 *
Thymus zygis Shoot 350.0 3550.0 0.6 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.