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Total Plants: 206
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 650.0 6500.0 1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Acacia farnesiana Seed 1050.0 1100.0 -1.6 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 2000.0 10730.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 1110.0 13875.0 1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium ampeloprasum Plant -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 2.0 10000.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf -- -- *
Allium cepa Bulb 280.0 3052.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aloe vera Leaf -- 14652.0 1.6 *
Alpinia galanga Leaf -- -- *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 990.0 11910.0 0.7 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 5920.0 6022.0 -0.5 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 78.0 859.0 -0.9 *
Anastatica hierochuntica Plant -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 5750.0 6227.0 1.3 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 5750.0 6227.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Apium graveolens Pt 190.0 4105.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaea Seed 7430.0 9570.0 0.3 *
Arctium lappa Root 260.0 1300.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus altilis Seed 3850.0 8800.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 520.0 1770.0 -0.5 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 254.0 2812.0 -0.1 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 850.0 10968.0 -0.1 *
Avena sativa Seed 3000.0 7000.0 -0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativa Plant -- 16000.0 1.2 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 230.0 2530.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Basella alba Leaf 550.0 7970.0 -0.6 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 4600.0 4759.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgaris Root 440.0 3470.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bixa orellana Seed 4360.0 7600.0 -0.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 1470.0 9460.0 -0.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 1200.0 8568.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 460.0 4445.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 910.0 9773.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 720.0 9300.0 *
Brassica rapa Root 250.0 3075.0 -0.2 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 550.0 9014.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 910.0 9773.0 -0.0 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 490.0 10471.0 0.2 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 490.0 10471.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea Stem 490.0 5445.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 420.0 5615.0 -1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigra Leaf 660.0 9720.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cajanus cajan Seed 7190.0 8580.0 0.1 *
Calathea allouia Root 2815.0 3095.0 -0.2 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 740.0 6038.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuum Fruit 310.0 4228.0 0.5 *
Carica papaya Fruit 110.0 985.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carvi Seed 7560.0 8390.0 0.1 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Castanea mollisima Seed 1806.0 3214.0 -1.1 *
Castanea dentata Seed 1904.0 3389.0 -1.1 *
Castanea sativa Seed 729.0 1604.0 -1.5 *
Ceratonia siliqua Seed -- 16920.0 2.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chenopodium album Leaf 1630.0 10383.0 0.2 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 7160.0 8090.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybus Leaf 250.0 5712.0 -1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 500.0 8051.0 -0.6 *
Citrullus lanatus Seed -- 15300.0 1.6 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrullus lanatus Fruit -- 3180.0 0.1 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus reticulata Fruit 100.0 806.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisi Fruit -- 100.0 -1.2 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 150.0 1132.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 2045.0 10230.0 0.1 *
Coccinia grandis Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cocos nucifera Seed 1210.0 2285.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Colocasia esculenta Root 690.0 2350.0 -0.4 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 1670.0 11645.0 0.6 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 890.0 13350.0 1.2 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf -- -- *
Crocus sativus Bulb -- -- *
Cryptotaenia japonica Root -- -- *
Cryptotaenia japonica Shoot -- -- *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 150.0 3797.0 0.3 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 6205.0 9701.0 0.3 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 250.0 3452.0 0.2 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Seed 4605.0 26000.0 4.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita spp Fruit 280.0 4430.0 0.6 *
Daucus carota Root 380.0 3110.0 -0.2 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 470.0 2530.0 -0.4 *
Eryngium creticus Shoot -- 5045.0 -1.2 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- 5850.0 -0.5 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Ficus carica Fruit 240.0 1149.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 6020.0 6604.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 6020.0 6604.0 1.5 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 190.0 2254.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo biloba Seed 2680.0 7300.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine max Shoot -- -- *
Glycine max Seed 15850.0 17330.0 2.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber -- 3431.0 -0.6 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Helianthus annuus Seed 9280.0 9805.0 0.4 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- -- *
Ipomoea batatas Root 720.0 3019.0 -0.2 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 1400.0 18590.0 3.0 *
Juglans cinerea Seed 9400.0 9725.0 0.4 *
Juglans regia Seed 4480.0 4650.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans nigra Seed 7300.0 7630.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureus Seed 1430.0 11789.0 0.8 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 590.0 9833.0 0.0 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 180.0 4035.0 0.4 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 3280.0 10935.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 10060.0 11325.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lentinus edodes Fruit -- -- *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 3310.0 -0.1 Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Linum usitatissimum Seed -- 0.195 -1.8 *
Lupinus albus Seed 13310.0 14860.0 1.5 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 65.0 3637.0 0.3 *
Macadamia spp Seed 2630.0 2705.0 -1.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malus domestica Fruit 30.0 435.0 -1.1 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 190.0 2250.0 -0.3 *
Manihot esculenta Root 650.0 2065.0 -0.5 *
Medicago sativa Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Melia azedarach Seed -- -- *
Mentha spicata Leaf 1350.0 9340.0 -0.2 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 1540.0 7215.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Momordica charantia Seed -- 17.8 -1.8 Jim Duke's personal files.
Moringa oleifera Shoot 4110.0 19260.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mucuna pruriens Seed 6250.0 13250.0 1.1 *
Murraya sp Fruit 340.0 979.0 -0.8 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 340.0 1321.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myrciaria dubia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Nasturtium officinale Herb 1330.0 26600.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 2000.0 6060.0 -0.5 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 510.0 2440.0 1.0 *
Nigella sativa Seed 2615.0 3345.0 -1.1 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf -- 5880.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennis Seed 3500.0 4600.0 -0.8 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 7330.0 -0.2 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 3845.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Oryza sativa Hay -- -- *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 350.0 3225.0 -0.7 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 584.0 1070.0 -1.3 *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Panax ginseng Leaf -- -- *
Papaver bracteatum Seed 6350.0 7800.0 -0.1 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 9050.0 9708.0 0.4 *
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 2413.0 -0.4 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Persea americana Fruit 530.0 2565.0 -0.2 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 9090.0 10216.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 790.0 8119.0 2.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 10700.0 11665.0 0.8 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 1760.0 18925.0 1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 2900.0 10320.0 0.5 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 10.0 980.0 -0.8 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 135.0 668.0 -1.0 *
Pinus edulis Seed 3670.0 3900.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus pinea Seed 7610.0 8190.0 0.0 *
Pistacia vera Seed 7220.0 7511.0 -0.1 *
Pisum sativum Seed 2030.0 9603.0 0.3 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 990.0 9792.0 2.8 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 470.0 9400.0 -1.0 *
Pouteria caimito Fruit -- 2190.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus persica Fruit 270.0 2187.0 -0.3 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit -- -- *
Prunus dulcis Seed 7390.0 7730.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 470.0 3445.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domestica Fruit 160.0 1081.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajava Fruit 310.0 2232.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 220.0 1140.0 -0.8 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 1820.0 7862.0 -0.6 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 4510.0 10587.0 1.7 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 11790.0 12863.0 1.1 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 1477.0 -0.7 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pyrus communis Fruit 100.0 618.0 -1.0 *
Raphanus sativus Root 290.0 5620.0 0.6 *
Rehmannia glutinosa Root 1000.0 16000.0 3.7 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit Juice -- 17.0 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 1360.0 4220.0 -1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 270.0 1336.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Scutellaria baicalensis Root -- -- *
Secale cereale Seed 5320.0 5975.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sechium edule Fruit 440.0 6285.0 1.4 *
Senna obtusifolia Seed -- 5940.0 -0.5 *
Sesamum indicum Seed 7360.0 12396.0 1.0 *
Sinapis alba Seed 10950.0 11720.0 0.8 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 750.0 4300.0 -0.4 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 380.0 4957.0 0.8 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 1220.0 14489.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- -- *
Stachys officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Theobroma cacao Seed -- 1400.0 -1.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgaris Plant 2520.0 2722.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trifolium pratense Plant -- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 8980.0 9880.0 0.4 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Leaf -- -- *
Triticum aestivum Seed 3000.0 6000.0 -0.5 *
Urtica dioica Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 180.0 1170.0 -0.8 *
Valerianella locusta Plant 750.0 10415.0 0.2 *
Vicia faba Seed 2080.0 10950.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 1040.0 8560.0 2.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularis Seed 6740.0 7787.0 -0.1 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 1100.0 10165.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 780.0 8192.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 9260.0 10112.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 7820.0 8598.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitis vinifera Fruit 180.0 926.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zea mays Seed 1290.0 5366.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinale Tuber -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Shoot -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 360.0 2057.0 -1.0 *
Zingiber officinale Root 360.0 2057.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.