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Total Plants: 92
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- -- *
Tagetes lucida Plant -- -- Tramil
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Olea europaea Leaf -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Valeriana officinalis Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ephedra gerardiana Plant -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Flower -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anethum graveolens Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Uncaria catechu Branches -- -- *
Pavonia spinifex Plant -- -- Tramil
Cinchona spp Bark -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ammi visnaga Plant -- -- *
Catalpa longissima Leaf -- -- Tramil
Aloe vera Plant -- -- *
Pluchea carolinensis Leaf -- -- Tramil
Chamissoa altissima Leaf -- -- Tramil
Chiococca alba Root -- -- *
Guatteria discolor Bark -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Grindelia squarrosa Plant -- -- *
Robinia pseudoacacia Wood 33000.0 70000.0 *
Hypericum perforatum Stem -- 38000.0 *
Zanthoxylum americanum Bark -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Peumus boldus Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Nepeta cataria Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Thespesia populnea Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus monogyna Flower -- -- *
Aframomum melegueta Plant -- -- *
Gnaphalium viscosum Shoot -- -- Tramil
Plantago ovata Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Krameria spp Root -- -- *
Galega officinalis Flower -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Frangula purshiana Bark -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Petiveria alliacea Leaf -- -- Tramil
Dryopteris filix-mas Rhizome -- 78000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus sabina Plant -- -- *
Bixa orellana Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Heliotropium indicus Plant -- -- *
Tanacetum vulgare Plant -- -- *
Angelica archangelica Root -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophylla Flower -- -- *
Cephaelis ipecacuanha Plant -- -- *
Inonotus obliquus Plant -- -- Hobbs, C. 1996. 3rd Ed. (1st Ed. 1986). Medicinal Mushrooms. Botanical Press, Santa Cruz. 251 pp. (With a useful tabular summary of 'all medicinal mushrooms species').
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hypericum perforatum Flower -- 162000.0 -1.4 *
Phoenix dactylifera Plant 7500.0 44800.0 -1.3 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Carica papaya Leaf 5000.0 6000.0 -1.1 *
Rheum palmatum Root 50000.0 100000.0 -1.1 Abstract (See species file)
Salvia officinalis Leaf 785.0 10000.0 -1.1 *
Limonia acidissima Seed 800.0 833.0 -1.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hypericum perforatum Shoot -- 3300.0 -1.0 *
Myrica cerifera Bark -- 39000.0 -1.0 *
Physalis alkekingi Root -- 110000.0 -0.9 *
Hemidesmus indicus Leaf -- 25000.0 -0.9 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 4000.0 6000.0 -0.8 *
Psidium guajava Seed -- 14000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Turnera diffusa Leaf -- 35000.0 -0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- 80000.0 -0.7 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 80000.0 -0.7 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Limonia acidissima Fruit 103000.0 39615.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Humulus lupulus Fruit 20000.0 40000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf 30000.0 60000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia chebula Fruit 20000.0 45000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rumex acetosa Fruit -- 50000.0 -0.3 *
Hamamelis virginiana Leaf 10000.0 70000.0 -0.3 *
Prosopis juliflora Fruit -- 58100.0 -0.3 *
Physalis peruviana Root 125000.0 160000.0 -0.2 *
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 78000.0 -0.2 *
Ribes nigrum Leaf -- 85000.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Castanea dentata Leaf 80000.0 90000.0 -0.1 *
Mentha x piperita Plant 60000.0 120000.0 -0.1 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Euphrasia officinalis Plant -- 124000.0 0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Filipendula ulmaria Plant 10000.0 125000.0 0.0 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Lawsonia inermis Leaf 50000.0 100000.0 0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- 100000.0 0.2 *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf -- 110000.0 0.2 *
Hypericum perforatum Leaf -- 124000.0 0.4 *
Theobroma cacao Seed -- 75400.0 0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hypericum perforatum Plant 30000.0 160000.0 0.6 *
Rosa gallica Flower 100000.0 240000.0 0.7 *
Rosa centifolia Flower 100000.0 240000.0 0.7 *
Rumex acetosa Root 27800.0 226600.0 0.7 *
Galeopsis segetum Shoot -- 50000.0 1.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Sorbus aucubaria Bark -- 44700.0 1.0 *
Hypericum perforatum Seed -- 121000.0 1.4 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Geranium maculatum Root 100000.0 280000.0 1.5 *
Rosa canina Leaf 100000.0 260000.0 2.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rhus toxicodendron Plant -- 250000.0 2.2 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 33800.0 270000.0 2.3 *
Acacia farnesiana Fruit 110000.0 322000.0 2.6 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.