Data Views

Total Plants: 400
  CSV  Excel  PDF

Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 46000.0 -0.8 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit -- 100000.0 0.1 *
Zanthoxylum americanum Plant -- -- *
Yucca baccata Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Warburgia ugandensis Bark -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Seed -- -- *
Viola tricolor Plant -- -- *
Vinca minor Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Viburnum prunifolium Root Bark -- 20000.0 -1.4 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Viburnum opulus Fruit -- 30000.0 -0.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Veronica officinalis Plant -- -- *
Verbena officinalis Plant -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf 60000.0 200000.0 1.1 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 50000.0 120000.0 0.2 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Leaf 60000.0 200000.0 1.1 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 59700.0 133000.0 0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.
Ulmus rubra Bark 30000.0 65000.0 -0.7 *
Tussilago farfara Rhizome -- -- *
Tussilago farfara Leaf -- 170000.0 0.7 *
Tussilago farfara Flower -- 6000.0 -1.4 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf 8400.0 40000.0 -0.9 *
Tsuga canadensis Root Bark -- 245000.0 0.5 *
Tsuga canadensis Leaf -- 15000.0 -1.2 *
Tsuga canadensis Bark 100000.0 150500.0 0.1 *
Tridax procumbens Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 16800.0 100000.0 -0.1 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 80000.0 100000.0 0.2 *
Thymus serpyllum Plant 50000.0 75000.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thuja occidentalis Branches -- 59000.0 *
Teucrium chamaedrys Plant -- 50000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium montanum Plant -- 22000.0 -0.9 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium polium Plant -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Teucrium scorodonia Leaf 80000.0 90000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium marum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia bellirica Fruit 170000.0 214000.0 1.2 *
Terminalia arjuna Bark -- 158000.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia bellirica Bark 14000.0 70000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia catappa Fruit 60000.0 200000.0 1.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Terminalia chebula Fruit 1090.0 355000.0 2.5 *
Terminalia arjuna Fruit 70000.0 120000.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia catappa Bark -- 130000.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Taraxacum officinale Root -- -- *
Tamarindus indica Bark -- 70000.0 -0.6 *
Tamarindus indica Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Bl -- 70000.0 *
Tabernanthe iboga Root -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Syzygium cumini Fruit -- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Symplocarpus foetidus Plant -- -- *
Symphytum officinale Plant 80000.0 90000.0 0.1 *
Swertia chirata Plant -- -- *
Stillingia sylvatica Plant -- -- *
Sterculia urens Gum -- 20000.0 *
Sterculia urens Bark -- -- *
Stachys officinalis Plant 25200.0 150000.0 1.0 *
Spigelia marilandica Plant -- -- *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit 142.0 1420.0 -0.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum melongena Fruit -- 2000.0 -0.9 *
Solanum tuberosum Leaf -- 32000.0 -1.0 *
Solanum nigrum Plant 70000.0 100000.0 0.2 *
Smilax china Root -- -- *
Simarouba amara Bark 200000.0 270000.0 1.1 *
Serenoa repens Stem -- 54800.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Serenoa repens Root -- 75800.0 -0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Senna alata Leaf -- -- *
Senna occidentalis Seed -- -- *
Senecio aureus Plant -- -- *
Scutellaria galericulata Plant 28600.0 35000.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Scutellaria churchilliana Plant -- -- *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sclerocarya caffra Bark 35000.0 100000.0 -0.4 *
Sclerocarya caffra Leaf -- 200000.0 1.1 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Schinus terebinthifolius Bark -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schinus molle Bark -- 230000.0 0.8 *
Saussurea lappa Root -- -- *
Satureja hortensis Plant 40000.0 85000.0 0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sassafras albidum Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sarcostemma acidum Plant -- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissus Root -- -- *
Santalum album Wood -- -- *
Sanguisorba officinalis Hs -- 170000.0 *
Sanguisorba minor Plant -- -- *
Sanguisorba officinalis Plant -- 170000.0 1.3 *
Sambucus canadensis Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sambucus nigra Leaf 4400.0 30000.0 -1.0 *
Salvia sclarea Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salvia officinalis Plant 20000.0 80000.0 -0.1 *
Salix alba Bark 20160.0 120000.0 -0.2 *
Rumex crispus Root 30000.0 60000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rumex acetosella Root 80000.0 140000.0 2.0 *
Rumex hymenosepalus Plant 180000.0 350000.0 3.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus idaeus Fruit -- 6200.0 -0.9 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rubus fruticosus Leaf -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Leaf 16900.0 120000.0 0.1 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosa laevigata Fruit -- -- *
Rosa canina Fruit 3740.0 20000.0 -0.7 *
Robinia pseudoacacia Bark -- 70000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit -- -- *
Rhus glabra Leaf -- 270000.0 1.9 *
Rhus coriaria Leaf 210000.0 280000.0 2.1 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Rhododendron ferrugineum Leaf -- -- *
Rhododendron ponticum Leaf 50000.0 120000.0 0.1 *
Rhizophora mangle Bark 10000.0 520000.0 3.3 *
Quillaja saponaria Bark -- 150000.0 0.1 *
Quercus robur Bark 80000.0 200000.0 0.5 *
Quercus suber Cork 20000.0 65000.0 *
Quercus infectoria Plant -- -- *
Quercus rubra Bark -- 160000.0 0.2 *
Quercus alba Bark 78500.0 200000.0 0.5 *
Punica granatum Stem Bark 100000.0 250000.0 1.4 *
Punica granatum Leaf -- 110000.0 -0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Punica granatum Root Bark 20000.0 280000.0 0.9 *
Punica granatum Fruit Juice -- 1700.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Punica granatum Pericarp 104000.0 336000.0 1.0 *
Punica granatum Root -- 70000.0 -0.2 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Pteridium aquilinum Plant -- -- *
Psidium guajava Leaf 90000.0 100000.0 -0.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Psidium guajava Root -- -- *
Psidium guajava Bark 110000.0 300000.0 1.4 *
Prunus serotina Bark -- -- *
Prunus laurocerasus Leaf -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 600.0 1000.0 -0.9 *
Prunus persica Leaf -- 8000.0 -1.3 *
Prunus domestica Bark -- 68000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus spinosa Fruit -- -- *
Prunus persica Fruit -- 8000.0 -0.8 *
Prunus cerasus Bark 50000.0 70000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunella vulgaris Plant 45000.0 105800.0 0.3 *
Prosopis juliflora Root -- 67000.0 -0.3 *
Prosopis juliflora Bark 6000.0 84000.0 -0.5 *
Prosopis juliflora Wood -- 9000.0 -0.9 *
Portulaca oleracea Plant -- -- *
Populus nigra Plant -- -- *
Polygonum hydropiper Plant -- 35000.0 -0.7 *
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- 17000.0 -1.0 *
Plantago ovata Plant -- -- *
Plantago major Plant 40000.0 57000.0 -0.4 *
Plantago psyllium Plant -- -- *
Pistacia lentiscus Leaf -- 113000.0 0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pistacia vera Plant -- -- *
Piscidia piscipula Plant -- -- *
Piper angustifolium Leaf -- -- *
Piper betel Leaf 10000.0 20500.0 -1.1 *
Pinus kesiya Bark 70000.0 100000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus sylvestris Bark -- 169000.0 0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus insularis Bark 70000.0 100000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phytolacca americana Root -- -- *
Phyllanthus emblica Leaf 18000.0 22000.0 -1.1 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit -- 280000.0 1.8 *
Phyllanthus emblica Bark 80000.0 166400.0 0.2 *
Phyllanthus emblica Twig -- -- *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 200.0 18000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Peumus boldus Leaf -- -- *
Peucedanum ostruthium Root -- -- *
Persea americana Leaf -- 47000.0 -0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pausinystalia johimbe Bark -- -- *
Paullinia cupana Seed 50000.0 120000.0 0.5 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant -- -- *
Paeonia moutan Root Bark -- -- *
Paeonia suffruticosa Root Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia lactiflora Root -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Paeonia officinalis Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pachira aquatica Bark -- 27000.0 -1.0 *
Origanum majorana Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Origanum creticum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ononis spinosa Plant -- 5000.0 -1.1 *
Oenothera biennis Herb -- 110000.0 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 50000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicum Tissue Culture -- -- *
Ocimum sanctum Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nigella sativa Seed -- -- *
Nepeta cataria Leaf -- -- *
Myrtus communis Plant -- 140000.0 0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- 4000.0 -1.2 *
Morus alba Stem -- -- *
Mitchella repens Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mimosa pudica Root -- 100000.0 0.7 *
Mercurialis annua Root -- 33500.0 -1.3 *
Menyanthes trifoliata Plant -- 30000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 40000.0 -0.6 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Plant -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Mentha x piperita Plant -- -- *
Mentha aquatica Leaf -- 74000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 18800.0 60225.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Melia azedarach Bark 180000.0 260000.0 1.0 *
Medicago sativa Hay 27000.0 28000.0 *
Matricaria recutita Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Marsdenia reichenbachii Plant -- -- *
Marrubium vulgare Plant 65000.0 70000.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Marrubium vulgare Flower 26000.0 29000.0 -1.0 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 31600.0 64500.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mangifera indica Seed -- 1100.0 -1.0 *
Mangifera indica Flower -- 150000.0 1.0 *
Malva neglecta Flower -- -- *
Mahonia aquifolium Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maclura pomifera Wood 90000.0 100000.0 1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lythrum salicaria Leaf -- 120000.0 0.1 *
Lythrum salicaria Stem -- 105000.0 0.6 *
Lythrum salicaria Flower -- 137000.0 0.8 *
Lythrum salicaria Root -- 85000.0 0.3 *
Lycopus virginicus Plant -- -- *
Lonicera japonica Plant -- 80000.0 -0.1 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Plant -- -- *
Liquidambar orientalis Plant -- -- *
Lindera benzoin Plant -- -- *
Ligustrum vulgare Leaf 60000.0 100000.0 -0.1 *
Ligustrum vulgare Bark -- 70000.0 -0.6 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- -- *
Leonurus cardiaca Plant 21000.0 90000.0 0.1 *
Lavandula angustifolia Flower 50000.0 120000.0 0.5 *
Lavandula angustifolia Plant -- 120000.0 0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Lagochilus inebrians Plant 20000.0 40000.0 -0.6 *
Krameria triandra Root -- -- *
Juniperus virginiana Bark 21000.0 86000.0 -0.5 *
Juniperus communis Fruit -- 50000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans regia Leaf 90000.0 110000.0 -0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 147000.0 0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans regia Fruit -- 122000.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juglans cinerea Bark -- -- *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 33600.0 280000.0 -1.0 *
Juglans regia Bark 53000.0 75100.0 -0.6 *
Jatropha curcas Resin, Exudate, Sap 116000.0 187000.0 -0.8 *
Jatropha gossypifolia Leaf -- -- *
Jateorhiza palmata Root -- -- *
Iris x germanica Rhizome -- -- *
Iris versicolor Rhizome -- -- *
Illicium verum Fruit -- -- *
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf 40000.0 160000.0 0.6 *
Hyssopus officinalis Plant 50000.0 80000.0 -0.1 Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-87.
Hydnocarpus kurzii Seed -- -- *
Holarrhena pubescens Bark -- 11400.0 -1.1 *
Hippophae rhamnoides Shoot 40000.0 50000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hippophae rhamnoides Fruit -- 18000.0 -0.7 Abstract (See species file)
Hedeoma pulegioides Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hamelia patens Bark -- 150000.0 0.1 *
Haematoxylum campechianum Wood -- 100000.0 1.2 *
Guarea rusbyi Bark -- -- *
Guaiacum sp. Wood -- -- *
Gossypium sp Stem -- 17700.0 -1.4 *
Gleditsia triacanthos Leaf -- -- *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 30000.0 70000.0 -0.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Geranium thunbergii Plant -- 50000.0 -0.5 *
Geranium thunbergii Leaf -- 200000.0 1.1 *
Gentiana lutea Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Genista tinctoria Plant -- -- *
Genipa americana Fruit -- -- *
Gelsemium sempervirens Root -- -- *
Gaultheria procumbens Leaf -- -- *
Gardenia jasminoides Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Galium odoratum Plant -- -- *
Frangula alnus Bark -- -- *
Frangula purshiana Plant -- -- *
Fragaria spp Leaf -- -- *
Filipendula ulmaria Root -- 86200.0 0.3 *
Filipendula ulmaria Shoot -- 93100.0 -0.1 *
Filipendula ulmaria Leaf -- -- *
Ficus carica Leaf -- 36000.0 -0.9 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Ficus carica Stem Bark -- 5000.0 -1.0 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Fallopia japonica Leaf 170000.0 240000.0 1.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Fallopia japonica Stem 30000.0 130000.0 1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euphrasia officinalis Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euonymus atropurpureus Root -- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodora Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 482000.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eucalyptus cornea Plant -- 250000.0 2.4 *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- 11600.0 -1.2 *
Eriodictyon californicum Plant -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Eriobotrya japonica Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Ephedra nevadensis Plant -- -- *
Dodonaea viscosa Leaf -- 59800.0 -0.6 *
Dodonaea viscosa Bark -- 58000.0 -0.7 *
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber -- -- *
Datura stramonium Plant -- 70000.0 -0.2 *
Cytisus scoparius Flower -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Plant -- -- *
Cydonia oblonga Seed -- -- *
Cuscuta europaea Root -- 60000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cuminum cyminum Seed -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cuminum cyminum Fruit -- -- *
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Cornus florida Bark -- 30000.0 -1.0 *
Coriaria myrtifolia Leaf 100000.0 200000.0 1.1 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Conyza canadensis Plant -- -- *
Collinsonia canadensis Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Cola acuminata Seed -- -- *
Coffea arabica Seed -- 90000.0 0.1 *
Cocos nucifera Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- 80000.0 -0.1 *
Citrus aurantium Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Cinnamomum verum Plant -- -- *
Cinchona officinalis Bark -- -- *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Cichorium intybus Plant -- -- *
Chrysanthemum balsamita Plant -- -- *
Chimaphila umbellata Plant -- 40000.0 -0.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chamaesyce hypericifolia Plant -- -- *
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Ceratonia siliqua Bark 12000.0 500000.0 3.1 *
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit -- 15000.0 -0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Centella asiatica Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Centaurea cyanus Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceiba pentandra Bark -- 108200.0 -0.3 *
Cedrus deodora Leaf -- 32000.0 -1.0 *
Catharanthus roseus Leaf -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Catha edulis Leaf -- -- *
Catalpa bignonioides Bark -- 60000.0 -0.7 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Castanea sativa Seed 20000.0 28000.0 -0.6 *
Castanea sativa Leaf -- 90000.0 -0.3 *
Castanea sativa Bark 40000.0 120000.0 -0.2 *
Carum carvi Plant -- -- *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant -- -- *
Capparis spinosa Plant -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 33800.0 270000.0 1.9 *
Calendula officinalis Leaf -- 64500.0 -0.6 *
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Leaf -- 7000.0 -1.3 *
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Wood -- 3000.0 -1.0 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Bark 172500.0 282600.0 1.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Buxus sempervirens Leaf -- -- *
Bryonia alba Root -- -- *
Borago officinalis Plant -- 30000.0 -0.8 *
Berberis vulgaris Fruit -- 55600.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Berberis vulgaris Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Ballota nigra Plant -- -- *
Azadirachta indica Stem Bark -- 60000.0 -0.4 *
Atropa bella-donna Root -- 120000.0 1.4 *
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco Bark 30000.0 40000.0 -0.9 *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- 44000.0 -0.8 *
Asclepias syriaca Sprout Seedling -- -- *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Bark -- 33000.0 -0.9 *
Artemisia absinthium Leaf 40000.0 77000.0 -0.4 *
Artemisia dracunculus Plant -- -- *
Artemisia abrotanum Plant -- -- *
Artemisia cina Flower -- -- *
Armoracia rusticana Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Argemone mexicana Plant -- 11000.0 -1.1 *
Areca catechu Seed 150000.0 250000.0 2.1 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 6960.0 70000.0 -0.5 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Plant 60000.0 200000.0 1.7 *
Arbutus unedo Leaf -- 160000.0 0.6 *
Arbutus unedo Bark -- 450000.0 2.7 *
Araucaria bidwillii Leaf -- 7000.0 -1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Araucaria bidwillii Wood -- 3000.0 -1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Apocynum cannabinum Plant -- -- *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf 322000.0 329000.0 2.7 *
Anogeissus latifolia Bark 100000.0 150000.0 0.1 *
Annona reticulata Bark -- -- *
Annona muricata Plant -- -- *
Annona squamosa Plant -- -- *
Anemone pulsatilla Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anaphalis margaritacea Plant -- -- *
Anacardium occidentale Bark -- 90000.0 -0.4 *
Ammi majus Seed -- 4500.0 -0.9 *
Althaea officinalis Root -- 20000.0 -1.8 *
Alpinia officinarum Rhizome -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aloysia citrodora Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Alnus glutinosa Bark -- 200000.0 0.5 *
Alisma plantago-aquatica Plant -- -- *
Aleurites moluccana Bark 40000.0 60000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Albizia julibrissin Bark -- -- *
Albizia lebbeck Bark 70000.0 110000.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Ajuga reptans Plant -- 150000.0 1.0 *
Ailanthus altissima Leaf -- 120000.0 0.1 *
Agrimonia eupatoria Leaf 50000.0 80000.0 -0.4 *
Agrimonia eupatoria Bark -- 52800.0 -0.8 Wealth of India.
Agrimonia eupatoria Shoot 30000.0 210000.0 1.7 *
Aesculus hippocastanum Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aesculus hippocastanum Wood -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aegle marmelos Petiole -- 200000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Aegle marmelos Fruit -- 90000.0 -0.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Adiantum capillus-veneris Plant -- -- *
Actinidia chinensis Fruit -- 9500.0 -0.8 *
Actaea racemosa Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Actaea cimicifuga Rhizome -- -- *
Acorus calamus Rhizome -- 15000.0 *
Acorus calamus Plant -- -- *
Achillea millefolium Plant 28000.0 40000.0 -0.6 *
Acalypha indica Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia senegal Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Acacia nilotica Resin, Exudate, Sap 170000.0 200000.0 -0.7 *
Acacia melanoxylon Plant -- -- *
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- -- *
Acacia nilotica Wood -- 63500.0 0.4 *
Acacia nilotica Fruit -- 349500.0 2.5 *
Acacia leucophloea Plant -- -- *
Acacia tortilis Bark -- -- *
Acacia nilotica Seed -- 66100.0 -0.2 *
Acacia nilotica Bark -- 27100.0 -1.0 *
Acacia catechu Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.