Data Views

Total Plants: 400
  CSV  Excel  PDF

Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia nilotica Bark -- 27100.0 -1.0 *
Acacia catechu Plant -- -- *
Acacia senegal Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Acacia nilotica Resin, Exudate, Sap 170000.0 200000.0 -0.7 *
Acacia melanoxylon Plant -- -- *
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- -- *
Acacia nilotica Wood -- 63500.0 0.4 *
Acacia nilotica Fruit -- 349500.0 2.5 *
Acacia leucophloea Plant -- -- *
Acacia tortilis Bark -- -- *
Acacia nilotica Seed -- 66100.0 -0.2 *
Acalypha indica Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Achillea millefolium Plant 28000.0 40000.0 -0.6 *
Acorus calamus Rhizome -- 15000.0 *
Acorus calamus Plant -- -- *
Actaea racemosa Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Actaea cimicifuga Rhizome -- -- *
Actinidia chinensis Fruit -- 9500.0 -0.8 *
Adiantum capillus-veneris Plant -- -- *
Aegle marmelos Petiole -- 200000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Aegle marmelos Fruit -- 90000.0 -0.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Aesculus hippocastanum Wood -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanum Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agrimonia eupatoria Leaf 50000.0 80000.0 -0.4 *
Agrimonia eupatoria Bark -- 52800.0 -0.8 Wealth of India.
Agrimonia eupatoria Shoot 30000.0 210000.0 1.7 *
Ailanthus altissima Leaf -- 120000.0 0.1 *
Ajuga reptans Plant -- 150000.0 1.0 *
Albizia lebbeck Bark 70000.0 110000.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Albizia julibrissin Bark -- -- *
Aleurites moluccana Bark 40000.0 60000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Alisma plantago-aquatica Plant -- -- *
Alnus glutinosa Bark -- 200000.0 0.5 *
Aloysia citrodora Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Alpinia officinarum Rhizome -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Althaea officinalis Root -- 20000.0 -1.8 *
Ammi majus Seed -- 4500.0 -0.9 *
Anacardium occidentale Bark -- 90000.0 -0.4 *
Anaphalis margaritacea Plant -- -- *
Anemone pulsatilla Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona muricata Plant -- -- *
Annona squamosa Plant -- -- *
Annona reticulata Bark -- -- *
Anogeissus latifolia Bark 100000.0 150000.0 0.1 *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf 322000.0 329000.0 2.7 *
Apocynum cannabinum Plant -- -- *
Araucaria bidwillii Wood -- 3000.0 -1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Araucaria bidwillii Leaf -- 7000.0 -1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Arbutus unedo Bark -- 450000.0 2.7 *
Arbutus unedo Leaf -- 160000.0 0.6 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 6960.0 70000.0 -0.5 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Plant 60000.0 200000.0 1.7 *
Areca catechu Seed 150000.0 250000.0 2.1 *
Argemone mexicana Plant -- 11000.0 -1.1 *
Armoracia rusticana Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Artemisia dracunculus Plant -- -- *
Artemisia abrotanum Plant -- -- *
Artemisia cina Flower -- -- *
Artemisia absinthium Leaf 40000.0 77000.0 -0.4 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Bark -- 33000.0 -0.9 *
Asclepias syriaca Sprout Seedling -- -- *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- 44000.0 -0.8 *
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco Bark 30000.0 40000.0 -0.9 *
Atropa bella-donna Root -- 120000.0 1.4 *
Azadirachta indica Stem Bark -- 60000.0 -0.4 *
Ballota nigra Plant -- -- *
Berberis vulgaris Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Berberis vulgaris Fruit -- 55600.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Borago officinalis Plant -- 30000.0 -0.8 *
Bryonia alba Root -- -- *
Buxus sempervirens Leaf -- -- *
Byrsonima crassifolia Bark 172500.0 282600.0 1.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Wood -- 3000.0 -1.0 *
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Leaf -- 7000.0 -1.3 *
Calendula officinalis Leaf -- 64500.0 -0.6 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 33800.0 270000.0 1.9 *
Capparis spinosa Plant -- -- *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant -- -- *
Carum carvi Plant -- -- *
Castanea sativa Seed 20000.0 28000.0 -0.6 *
Castanea sativa Leaf -- 90000.0 -0.3 *
Castanea sativa Bark 40000.0 120000.0 -0.2 *
Catalpa bignonioides Bark -- 60000.0 -0.7 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Catha edulis Leaf -- -- *
Catharanthus roseus Leaf -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cedrus deodora Leaf -- 32000.0 -1.0 *
Ceiba pentandra Bark -- 108200.0 -0.3 *
Centaurea cyanus Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Centella asiatica Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Ceratonia siliqua Bark 12000.0 500000.0 3.1 *
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit -- 15000.0 -0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Chamaesyce hypericifolia Plant -- -- *
Chimaphila umbellata Plant -- 40000.0 -0.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chrysanthemum balsamita Plant -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Plant -- -- *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Cinchona officinalis Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Cinnamomum verum Plant -- -- *
Citrus aurantium Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- 80000.0 -0.1 *
Cocos nucifera Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coffea arabica Seed -- 90000.0 0.1 *
Cola acuminata Seed -- -- *
Collinsonia canadensis Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Conyza canadensis Plant -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Coriaria myrtifolia Leaf 100000.0 200000.0 1.1 *
Cornus florida Bark -- 30000.0 -1.0 *
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Cuminum cyminum Seed -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cuminum cyminum Fruit -- -- *
Cuscuta europaea Root -- 60000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cydonia oblonga Seed -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Plant -- -- *
Cytisus scoparius Flower -- -- *
Datura stramonium Plant -- 70000.0 -0.2 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber -- -- *
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Dodonaea viscosa Leaf -- 59800.0 -0.6 *
Dodonaea viscosa Bark -- 58000.0 -0.7 *
Ephedra nevadensis Plant -- -- *
Eriobotrya japonica Leaf -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Eriodictyon californicum Plant -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Eucalyptus citriodora Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 482000.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eucalyptus cornea Plant -- 250000.0 2.4 *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- 11600.0 -1.2 *
Euonymus atropurpureus Root -- -- *
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euphrasia officinalis Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Fallopia japonica Leaf 170000.0 240000.0 1.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Fallopia japonica Stem 30000.0 130000.0 1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus carica Stem Bark -- 5000.0 -1.0 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Ficus carica Leaf -- 36000.0 -0.9 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Filipendula ulmaria Root -- 86200.0 0.3 *
Filipendula ulmaria Shoot -- 93100.0 -0.1 *
Filipendula ulmaria Leaf -- -- *
Fragaria spp Leaf -- -- *
Frangula purshiana Plant -- -- *
Frangula alnus Bark -- -- *
Galium odoratum Plant -- -- *
Gardenia jasminoides Fruit -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Gaultheria procumbens Leaf -- -- *
Gelsemium sempervirens Root -- -- *
Genipa americana Fruit -- -- *
Genista tinctoria Plant -- -- *
Gentiana lutea Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Geranium thunbergii Plant -- 50000.0 -0.5 *
Geranium thunbergii Leaf -- 200000.0 1.1 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Glechoma hederacea Plant 30000.0 70000.0 -0.2 *
Gleditsia triacanthos Leaf -- -- *
Gossypium sp Stem -- 17700.0 -1.4 *
Guaiacum sp. Wood -- -- *
Guarea rusbyi Bark -- -- *
Haematoxylum campechianum Wood -- 100000.0 1.2 *
Hamelia patens Bark -- 150000.0 0.1 *
Hedeoma pulegioides Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hippophae rhamnoides Shoot 40000.0 50000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hippophae rhamnoides Fruit -- 18000.0 -0.7 Abstract (See species file)
Holarrhena pubescens Bark -- 11400.0 -1.1 *
Hydnocarpus kurzii Seed -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Plant 50000.0 80000.0 -0.1 Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-87.
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf 40000.0 160000.0 0.6 *
Illicium verum Fruit -- -- *
Iris versicolor Rhizome -- -- *
Iris x germanica Rhizome -- -- *
Jateorhiza palmata Root -- -- *
Jatropha gossypifolia Leaf -- -- *
Jatropha curcas Resin, Exudate, Sap 116000.0 187000.0 -0.8 *
Juglans regia Fruit -- 122000.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juglans cinerea Bark -- -- *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 33600.0 280000.0 -1.0 *
Juglans regia Bark 53000.0 75100.0 -0.6 *
Juglans regia Leaf 90000.0 110000.0 -0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 147000.0 0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus virginiana Bark 21000.0 86000.0 -0.5 *
Juniperus communis Fruit -- 50000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Krameria triandra Root -- -- *
Lagochilus inebrians Plant 20000.0 40000.0 -0.6 *
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Lavandula angustifolia Flower 50000.0 120000.0 0.5 *
Lavandula angustifolia Plant -- 120000.0 0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Leonurus cardiaca Plant 21000.0 90000.0 0.1 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- -- *
Ligustrum vulgare Bark -- 70000.0 -0.6 *
Ligustrum vulgare Leaf 60000.0 100000.0 -0.1 *
Lindera benzoin Plant -- -- *
Liquidambar styraciflua Plant -- -- *
Liquidambar orientalis Plant -- -- *
Lonicera japonica Plant -- 80000.0 -0.1 *
Lycopus virginicus Plant -- -- *
Lythrum salicaria Stem -- 105000.0 0.6 *
Lythrum salicaria Flower -- 137000.0 0.8 *
Lythrum salicaria Root -- 85000.0 0.3 *
Lythrum salicaria Leaf -- 120000.0 0.1 *
Maclura pomifera Wood 90000.0 100000.0 1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mahonia aquifolium Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malva neglecta Flower -- -- *
Mangifera indica Flower -- 150000.0 1.0 *
Mangifera indica Seed -- 1100.0 -1.0 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 31600.0 64500.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Marrubium vulgare Plant 65000.0 70000.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Marrubium vulgare Flower 26000.0 29000.0 -1.0 *
Marsdenia reichenbachii Plant -- -- *
Matricaria recutita Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Medicago sativa Hay 27000.0 28000.0 *
Melia azedarach Bark 180000.0 260000.0 1.0 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 18800.0 60225.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 40000.0 -0.6 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Plant -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Mentha x piperita Plant -- -- *
Mentha aquatica Leaf -- 74000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Menyanthes trifoliata Plant -- 30000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mercurialis annua Root -- 33500.0 -1.3 *
Mimosa pudica Root -- 100000.0 0.7 *
Mitchella repens Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morus alba Stem -- -- *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- 4000.0 -1.2 *
Myrtus communis Plant -- 140000.0 0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nepeta cataria Leaf -- -- *
Nigella sativa Seed -- -- *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicum Tissue Culture -- -- *
Ocimum sanctum Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 50000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oenothera biennis Herb -- 110000.0 *
Ononis spinosa Plant -- 5000.0 -1.1 *
Origanum majorana Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Origanum creticum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pachira aquatica Bark -- 27000.0 -1.0 *
Paeonia moutan Root Bark -- -- *
Paeonia suffruticosa Root Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia lactiflora Root -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Paeonia officinalis Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Panax quinquefolius Plant -- -- *
Paullinia cupana Seed 50000.0 120000.0 0.5 *
Pausinystalia johimbe Bark -- -- *
Persea americana Leaf -- 47000.0 -0.8 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Peucedanum ostruthium Root -- -- *
Peumus boldus Leaf -- -- *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 200.0 18000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblica Leaf 18000.0 22000.0 -1.1 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit -- 280000.0 1.8 *
Phyllanthus emblica Bark 80000.0 166400.0 0.2 *
Phyllanthus emblica Twig -- -- *
Phytolacca americana Root -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Bark -- 169000.0 0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus insularis Bark 70000.0 100000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus kesiya Bark 70000.0 100000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper angustifolium Leaf -- -- *
Piper betel Leaf 10000.0 20500.0 -1.1 *
Piscidia piscipula Plant -- -- *
Pistacia vera Plant -- -- *
Pistacia lentiscus Leaf -- 113000.0 0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Plantago major Plant 40000.0 57000.0 -0.4 *
Plantago psyllium Plant -- -- *
Plantago ovata Plant -- -- *
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- 17000.0 -1.0 *
Polygonum hydropiper Plant -- 35000.0 -0.7 *
Populus nigra Plant -- -- *
Portulaca oleracea Plant -- -- *
Prosopis juliflora Bark 6000.0 84000.0 -0.5 *
Prosopis juliflora Wood -- 9000.0 -0.9 *
Prosopis juliflora Root -- 67000.0 -0.3 *
Prunella vulgaris Plant 45000.0 105800.0 0.3 *
Prunus persica Leaf -- 8000.0 -1.3 *
Prunus domestica Bark -- 68000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus spinosa Fruit -- -- *
Prunus persica Fruit -- 8000.0 -0.8 *
Prunus cerasus Bark 50000.0 70000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus serotina Bark -- -- *
Prunus laurocerasus Leaf -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 600.0 1000.0 -0.9 *
Psidium guajava Root -- -- *
Psidium guajava Bark 110000.0 300000.0 1.4 *
Psidium guajava Leaf 90000.0 100000.0 -0.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Pteridium aquilinum Plant -- -- *
Punica granatum Root Bark 20000.0 280000.0 0.9 *
Punica granatum Fruit Juice -- 1700.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Punica granatum Pericarp 104000.0 336000.0 1.0 *
Punica granatum Root -- 70000.0 -0.2 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Punica granatum Stem Bark 100000.0 250000.0 1.4 *
Punica granatum Leaf -- 110000.0 -0.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Quercus suber Cork 20000.0 65000.0 *
Quercus infectoria Plant -- -- *
Quercus rubra Bark -- 160000.0 0.2 *
Quercus alba Bark 78500.0 200000.0 0.5 *
Quercus robur Bark 80000.0 200000.0 0.5 *
Quillaja saponaria Bark -- 150000.0 0.1 *
Rhizophora mangle Bark 10000.0 520000.0 3.3 *
Rhododendron ponticum Leaf 50000.0 120000.0 0.1 *
Rhododendron ferrugineum Leaf -- -- *
Rhus glabra Leaf -- 270000.0 1.9 *
Rhus coriaria Leaf 210000.0 280000.0 2.1 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit -- -- *
Robinia pseudoacacia Bark -- 70000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosa canina Fruit 3740.0 20000.0 -0.7 *
Rosa laevigata Fruit -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus fruticosus Leaf -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Leaf 16900.0 120000.0 0.1 *
Rubus idaeus Fruit -- 6200.0 -0.9 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rumex acetosella Root 80000.0 140000.0 2.0 *
Rumex hymenosepalus Plant 180000.0 350000.0 3.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rumex crispus Root 30000.0 60000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salix alba Bark 20160.0 120000.0 -0.2 *
Salvia sclarea Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salvia officinalis Plant 20000.0 80000.0 -0.1 *
Sambucus canadensis Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sambucus nigra Leaf 4400.0 30000.0 -1.0 *
Sanguisorba officinalis Hs -- 170000.0 *
Sanguisorba minor Plant -- -- *
Sanguisorba officinalis Plant -- 170000.0 1.3 *
Santalum album Wood -- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissus Root -- -- *
Sarcostemma acidum Plant -- -- *
Sassafras albidum Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja hortensis Plant 40000.0 85000.0 0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Saussurea lappa Root -- -- *
Schinus terebinthifolius Bark -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schinus molle Bark -- 230000.0 0.8 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Sclerocarya caffra Bark 35000.0 100000.0 -0.4 *
Sclerocarya caffra Leaf -- 200000.0 1.1 *
Scutellaria galericulata Plant 28600.0 35000.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Scutellaria churchilliana Plant -- -- *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Senecio aureus Plant -- -- *
Senna alata Leaf -- -- *
Senna occidentalis Seed -- -- *
Serenoa repens Stem -- 54800.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Serenoa repens Root -- 75800.0 -0.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Simarouba amara Bark 200000.0 270000.0 1.1 *
Smilax china Root -- -- *
Solanum melongena Fruit -- 2000.0 -0.9 *
Solanum tuberosum Leaf -- 32000.0 -1.0 *
Solanum nigrum Plant 70000.0 100000.0 0.2 *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit 142.0 1420.0 -0.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Spigelia marilandica Plant -- -- *
Stachys officinalis Plant 25200.0 150000.0 1.0 *
Sterculia urens Gum -- 20000.0 *
Sterculia urens Bark -- -- *
Stillingia sylvatica Plant -- -- *
Swertia chirata Plant -- -- *
Symphytum officinale Plant 80000.0 90000.0 0.1 *
Symplocarpus foetidus Plant -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Syzygium cumini Fruit -- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Tabernanthe iboga Root -- -- *
Tamarindus indica Bark -- 70000.0 -0.6 *
Tamarindus indica Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Bl -- 70000.0 *
Taraxacum officinale Root -- -- *
Terminalia bellirica Fruit 170000.0 214000.0 1.2 *
Terminalia arjuna Bark -- 158000.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia bellirica Bark 14000.0 70000.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia catappa Fruit 60000.0 200000.0 1.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Terminalia chebula Fruit 1090.0 355000.0 2.5 *
Terminalia arjuna Fruit 70000.0 120000.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia catappa Bark -- 130000.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium chamaedrys Plant -- 50000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium montanum Plant -- 22000.0 -0.9 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium polium Plant -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Teucrium scorodonia Leaf 80000.0 90000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium marum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thuja occidentalis Branches -- 59000.0 *
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 16800.0 100000.0 -0.1 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 80000.0 100000.0 0.2 *
Thymus serpyllum Plant 50000.0 75000.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Tridax procumbens Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tsuga canadensis Leaf -- 15000.0 -1.2 *
Tsuga canadensis Bark 100000.0 150500.0 0.1 *
Tsuga canadensis Root Bark -- 245000.0 0.5 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf 8400.0 40000.0 -0.9 *
Tussilago farfara Leaf -- 170000.0 0.7 *
Tussilago farfara Flower -- 6000.0 -1.4 *
Tussilago farfara Rhizome -- -- *
Ulmus rubra Bark 30000.0 65000.0 -0.7 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 59700.0 133000.0 0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 50000.0 120000.0 0.2 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Leaf 60000.0 200000.0 1.1 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf 60000.0 200000.0 1.1 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Verbena officinalis Plant -- -- *
Veronica officinalis Plant -- -- *
Viburnum opulus Fruit -- 30000.0 -0.6 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Viburnum prunifolium Root Bark -- 20000.0 -1.4 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Vinca minor Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Viola tricolor Plant -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Seed -- -- *
Warburgia ugandensis Bark -- -- *
Yucca baccata Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Zanthoxylum americanum Plant -- -- *
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 46000.0 -0.8 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit -- 100000.0 0.1 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.