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Total Plants: 112
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 164200.0 960000.0 3.1 *
Ficus carica Fruit 68500.0 896800.0 2.8 Korean J. Food Sci. Techn. 13(2): 166. 1981.
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 380000.0 850000.0 2.6 *
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit 300000.0 700000.0 2.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cichorium intybus Root -- 585000.0 4.7 *
Lycium barbarum Fruit 470000.0 560000.0 1.4 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 56000.0 560000.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Durio zibethinus Fruit 120000.0 430000.0 0.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit 380000.0 400000.0 0.8 *
Tamarindus indica Fruit 200000.0 400000.0 0.8 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Curcuma longa Plant 108500.0 400000.0 2.6 *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 50000.0 375000.0 0.7 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit 71000.0 350000.0 0.6 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 52200.0 296255.0 *
Pteridium aquilinum Rhizome 67000.0 213000.0 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 112000.0 205000.0 -0.0 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- 200000.0 -0.1 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Carica papaya Fruit 24300.0 180000.0 -0.1 *
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 161900.0 0.6 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 12000.0 150000.0 -0.3 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.