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Total Plants: 84
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Citrus paradisi Fruit 3.3 220.0 2.6 *
Quercus alba Plant 10.0 532.0 2.5 *
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 1.0 100.0 2.5 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 10.0 880.0 1.9 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 6.0 840.0 1.7 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed -- 77.0 1.7 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Carya glabra Shoot 20.0 1100.0 1.7 *
Petroselinum crispum Plant 285.0 396.0 1.6 *
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 7.0 1000.0 1.5 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- 140.0 1.2 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 7.0 910.0 1.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 2.0 60.0 1.1 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 2.0 60.0 1.1 *
Carya ovata Shoot 12.0 900.0 1.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 3.0 870.0 1.0 *
Rhus glabra Stem 4.0 670.0 1.0 *
Daucus carota Root 1.0 148.0 1.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- 80.0 1.0 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- 80.0 1.0 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 0.054 110.0 0.7 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 2.0 105.0 0.6 *
Glycine max Seed 3.0 42.0 0.5 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 4.0 98.0 0.5 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf 2.0 680.0 0.4 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 0.7 34.0 0.3 *
Lactuca sativa Shoot 2.0 580.0 0.2 *
Petasites japonicus Plant 36.0 160.0 0.1 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 7.0 440.0 0.0 *
Rhus copallina Stem 12.0 427.0 -0.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 30.0 60.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Peucedanum decursivum Plant 100.0 130.0 -0.1 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 7.0 440.0 -0.2 *
Taraxacum officinale Plant 64.0 120.0 -0.2 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Fallopia japonica Plant 15.0 120.0 -0.2 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Diospyros virginiana Stem 6.6 378.0 -0.2 *
Prunus serotina Stem 0.5 378.0 -0.2 *
Boehmeria nivea Plant 90.0 118.0 -0.2 *
Sassafras albidum Stem 3.0 370.0 -0.2 *
Prunus serotina Leaf 8.0 480.0 -0.2 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 0.33 51.0 -0.3 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 51.0 110.0 -0.3 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Prunus dulcis Seed -- 16.0 -0.3 *
Prunus persica Fruit 0.225 45.0 -0.4 *
Zea mays Seed 0.12 14.0 -0.4 *
Quercus rubra Stem 20.0 330.0 -0.4 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 190.0 420.0 -0.4 *
Vitis vinifera Fruit 1.54 38.5 -0.5 *
Pistacia vera Seed -- 10.0 -0.5 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- 60.0 -0.6 *
Juglans nigra Seed -- 7.1 -0.6 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant 20.0 60.0 -0.6 *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant 28.0 50.0 -0.7 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Anacardium occidentale Seed -- 4.2 -0.7 *
Cocos nucifera Seed -- 2.8 -0.8 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Cichorium endivia Shoot 140.0 240.0 -0.8 *
Carya ovata Seed -- 2.5 -0.8 *
Carya illinoensis Seed -- 2.5 -0.8 *
Quercus rubra Seed -- 1.3 -0.8 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 0.45 18.5 -0.8 *
Corylus avellana Seed -- 0.8 -0.8 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Juglans cinerea Seed -- 0.3 -0.8 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 2.6 16.5 -0.8 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 19.0 200.0 -0.9 *
Pimenta dioica Plant -- 20.0 -0.9 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 13.0 288.0 -0.9 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 2.0 12.0 -0.9 *
Malus domestica Fruit 0.165 8.6 -1.0 *
Beta vulgaris Root 16.0 70.0 -1.0 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 0.06 0.77 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Quercus velutina Stem 16.0 186.0 -1.0 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 8.0 246.0 -1.0 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 2.0 5.6 -1.0 *
Pinus echinata Shoot 3.0 84.0 -1.2 *
Quercus phellos Stem 14.0 126.0 -1.3 *
Quercus stellata Stem 5.0 126.0 -1.3 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 50.0 -1.3 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 97.0 104.0 -1.5 *
Allium cepa Bulb 57.0 162.0 *
Linum usitatissimum Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 30.0 60.0 *
Inula helenium Plant -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 0.39 60.0 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 70.0 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.