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Total Plants: 192
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 123000.0 500000.0 0.4 *
Zingiber officinale Root 35000.0 600000.0 1.2 *
Zea mays Seed -- -- *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 257000.0 805640.0 2.0 *
Withania somnifera Root -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viscum album Stem -- -- *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed -- 266000.0 -0.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 390000.0 400000.0 0.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 390000.0 400000.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viburnum prunifolium Bark -- 55000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Uncaria catechu Plant -- -- *
Ulmus rubra Bark 13120.0 210000.0 1.9 *
Turnera diffusa Branches -- 60000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Turnera diffusa Leaf 10500.0 50000.0 0.4 *
Tulipa gesneriana Bulb -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Triticum aestivum Seed 542000.0 800000.0 2.0 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 19500.0 150000.0 -0.6 *
Theobroma cacao Seed 50000.0 90000.0 -0.9 *
Theobroma cacao Hb -- 60000.0 *
Teucrium montanum Leaf -- 22000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia bellirica Leaf 99800.0 127000.0 2.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Stellaria media Plant 9960.0 120000.0 -0.6 *
Stellaria media Root -- 15300.0 -1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 150000.0 800000.0 1.4 *
Smilax officinalis Root 52500.0 250000.0 -0.3 *
Smilax spp Root 52500.0 250000.0 -0.3 *
Simaba cedron Seed -- 360000.0 0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sesamum indicum Seed 150000.0 200000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Senna obtusifolia Seed -- 2000.0 -1.2 *
Sassafras albidum Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Sanguinaria canadensis Plant -- -- *
Salix alba Bark -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ruscus aculeatus Root 36240.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Rumex hymenosepalus Plant 250000.0 400000.0 1.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosa canina Fruit 33660.0 180000.0 -0.2 *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit -- 15000.0 -0.4 *
Rheum officinale Root 150000.0 160000.0 -0.7 *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 126000.0 203000.0 -0.4 *
Quillaja saponaria Bark -- -- *
Punica granatum Seed -- -- -1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pueraria pseudohirsuta Root 100000.0 150000.0 -0.7 *
Pueraria montana Root 130000.0 400000.0 0.4 *
Pteridium aquilinum Rhizome -- 450000.0 0.1 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 698400.0 1.6 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Psidium guajava Seed 130000.0 132000.0 -0.7 *
Prunus persica Seed -- 36000.0 -1.1 *
Prosopis juliflora Fruit -- 163600.0 -0.2 *
Polypodium vulgare Rhizome -- 63000.0 -2.4 *
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Pisum sativum Seed 329000.0 434000.0 0.5 *
Pistacia lentiscus Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper betel Leaf 10000.0 31000.0 -0.1 *
Piper nigrum Fruit 280000.0 565000.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper methysticum Root -- 430000.0 0.5 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Pinellia ternata Tuber -- 690000.0 0.9 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- 50000.0 -1.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phytolacca americana Root -- -- *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 16900.0 129020.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Seed -- 1.0 -1.3 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Physostigma venenosum Seed 480000.0 500000.0 0.8 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 1800.0 8910.0 -0.4 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit -- 206000.0 -0.1 Abstract (See species file)
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 693000.0 1.6 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Paullinia cupana Seed 50000.0 60000.0 -1.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Parthenium integrifolium Root 19200.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Panax ginseng Root 25440.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Panax ginseng Rhizome -- -- *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 80000.0 320000.0 0.9 *
Paeonia suffruticosa Root Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia officinalis Root 140000.0 200000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia moutan Root Bark -- -- *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 97200.0 551645.0 0.4 *
Oryza sativa Seed 722000.0 749000.0 1.8 *
Oenothera biennis Seed -- -- *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf 10000.0 20000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 92500.0 570988.0 0.9 *
Myristica fragrans Seed -- 300000.0 -0.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Myristica fragrans Aril -- 317000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myrica cerifera Bark 13080.0 60000.0 -0.4 *
Myrica cerifera Plant -- -- *
Musa x paradisiaca Stem -- 50000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 7000.0 17500.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melilotus alba Seed -- 30000.0 -1.1 *
Melia azedarach Fruit -- -- *
Medicago sativa Plant 11280.0 60000.0 -1.0 *
Maranta arundinacea Rhizome 250000.0 695000.0 1.7 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 29800.0 64000.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Manihot esculenta Root 280000.0 828400.0 2.1 *
Mangifera indica Seed -- 728000.0 1.7 *
Lycoris radiata Bulb 200000.0 551000.0 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 120.0 10000.0 -0.4 *
Lolium temulentum Seed -- -- *
Linum usitatissimum Seed 2000.0 39000.0 -1.1 Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Lindera benzoin Plant -- -- *
Levisticum officinale Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lens culinaris Seed -- 285000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Krameria triandra Root -- -- *
Jatropha curcas Seed -- -- *
Jateorhiza palmata Root 300000.0 350000.0 0.1 *
Iris x germanica Rhizome 200000.0 500000.0 0.4 *
Iris versicolor Rhizome -- -- *
Ipomoea purga Tuber -- -- *
Ipomoea batatas Root 118000.0 201000.0 -0.5 *
Hydrastis canadensis Root 27700.0 180000.0 -0.6 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hydnocarpus wightiana Fruit -- -- *
Hordeum vulgare Seed -- 620000.0 1.3 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- 111000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber -- 262600.0 -0.9 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 7850.0 200000.0 -0.5 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Shoot -- 15000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Glycine max Seed -- 10000.0 -1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Glycine max Tissue Culture -- -- *
Gloriosa superba Bulb -- -- *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 407400.0 680000.0 1.5 *
Gentiana lutea Root 35200.0 160000.0 -0.7 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- 670000.0 1.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elettaria cardamomum Seed 200000.0 400000.0 0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 70000.0 400000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Echinacea purpurea Root 30120.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Durio zibethinus Fruit 80000.0 2857000.0 3.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Drynaria fortunei Rhizome -- -- *
Dioscorea villosa Root 48000.0 200000.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber -- 800000.0 1.4 *
Dioscorea alata Root 159000.0 743000.0 1.8 *
Daucus carota Root 14800.0 25200.0 -1.2 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 135000.0 655340.0 1.4 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- -- *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 10000.0 140000.0 -0.2 *
Cyperus rotundus Root -- 92000.0 -0.9 *
Cycas revoluta Seed 68000.0 243700.0 -0.3 *
Curcuma zedoaria Rhizome -- 500000.0 0.4 *
Curcuma xanthorrhiza Rhizome 300000.0 400000.0 -0.2 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome 300000.0 550000.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Root 259000.0 550000.0 1.0 *
Crotalaria juncea Seed -- 411000.0 0.4 *
Crocus sativus Silk Stigma Style 119900.0 130300.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit 150000.0 180000.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 41850.0 180000.0 -0.2 *
Costus speciosus Rhizome -- 333333.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- 100000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Colocasia esculenta Root 245000.0 262000.0 -0.2 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf -- 700.0 -0.9 *
Colchicum autumnale Tuber -- 210000.0 -1.1 *
Cola acuminata Seed -- 340000.0 0.1 *
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 500000.0 790000.0 1.9 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant 10640.0 80000.0 -0.8 *
Cinchona spp Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cimicifuga racemosa Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 16800.0 80000.0 -1.0 *
Chimaphila umbellata Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit -- 350000.0 0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cephaelis ipecacuanha Root 300000.0 400000.0 0.4 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 15400.0 140000.0 -0.7 *
Castanospermum australe Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Castanea sativa Seed 450000.0 580000.0 1.1 *
Carum carvi Seed -- 45000.0 -1.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carum carvi Fruit -- 45000.0 -0.4 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 14000.0 100000.0 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- 5000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Calathea allouia Root 130000.0 150000.0 -0.7 *
Caladium bicolor Tuber -- -- *
Brunfelsia uniflorus Bark -- 13000.0 -1.1 *
Bletilla striata Tuber -- 304800.0 -0.7 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 90000.0 0.1 *
Bactris gasipaes Seed -- 208000.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Avena sativa Seed 500000.0 600000.0 1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Atropa bella-donna Root -- -- *
Astragalus gummifer Gum 10000.0 30000.0 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 100000.0 250000.0 -0.3 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 39600.0 220000.0 -0.4 *
Arisaema triphyllum Tuber 100000.0 170000.0 -1.2 *
Arctium lappa Root 28200.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Angelica sinensis Root 33000.0 150000.0 -0.7 *
Andira inermis Bark -- -- *
Ananas comosus Stem 100000.0 150000.0 1.0 Wealth of India.
Ananas comosus Leaf -- 30000.0 -0.2 Wealth of India.
Ananas comosus Fruit -- 19.0 -0.5 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 67200.0 747747.0 1.8 *
Althaea officinalis Root 39960.0 370000.0 0.2 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Alpinia officinarum Rhizome 200000.0 250000.0 -1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 215000.0 723900.0 1.7 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 29600.0 80000.0 -1.0 *
Aframomum melegueta Seed 220000.0 400000.0 0.4 Wealth of India.
Aesculus hippocastanum Seed 300000.0 600000.0 1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aegle marmelos Seed -- 175000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Actaea racemosa Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Acorus calamus Rhizome 250000.0 400000.0 -0.2 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Aconitum napellus Root -- 250000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Abelmoschus moschatus Seed 133500.0 150000.0 -0.6 Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 89200.0 -0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.