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Total Plants: 192
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus moschatus Seed 133500.0 150000.0 -0.6 Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 89200.0 -0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Aconitum napellus Root -- 250000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Acorus calamus Rhizome 250000.0 400000.0 -0.2 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Actaea racemosa Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aegle marmelos Seed -- 175000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aesculus hippocastanum Seed 300000.0 600000.0 1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aframomum melegueta Seed 220000.0 400000.0 0.4 Wealth of India.
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 29600.0 80000.0 -1.0 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 215000.0 723900.0 1.7 *
Alpinia officinarum Rhizome 200000.0 250000.0 -1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Althaea officinalis Root 39960.0 370000.0 0.2 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 67200.0 747747.0 1.8 *
Ananas comosus Stem 100000.0 150000.0 1.0 Wealth of India.
Ananas comosus Fruit -- 19.0 -0.5 *
Ananas comosus Leaf -- 30000.0 -0.2 Wealth of India.
Andira inermis Bark -- -- *
Angelica sinensis Root 33000.0 150000.0 -0.7 *
Arctium lappa Root 28200.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Arisaema triphyllum Tuber 100000.0 170000.0 -1.2 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 39600.0 220000.0 -0.4 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 100000.0 250000.0 -0.3 *
Astragalus gummifer Gum 10000.0 30000.0 *
Atropa bella-donna Root -- -- *
Avena sativa Seed 500000.0 600000.0 1.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Bactris gasipaes Seed -- 208000.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 90000.0 0.1 *
Bletilla striata Tuber -- 304800.0 -0.7 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Brunfelsia uniflorus Bark -- 13000.0 -1.1 *
Caladium bicolor Tuber -- -- *
Calathea allouia Root 130000.0 150000.0 -0.7 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- 5000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 14000.0 100000.0 *
Carum carvi Seed -- 45000.0 -1.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carum carvi Fruit -- 45000.0 -0.4 *
Castanea sativa Seed 450000.0 580000.0 1.1 *
Castanospermum australe Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 15400.0 140000.0 -0.7 *
Cephaelis ipecacuanha Root 300000.0 400000.0 0.4 *
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit -- 350000.0 0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chimaphila umbellata Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 16800.0 80000.0 -1.0 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cinchona spp Bark -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cnicus benedictus Plant 10640.0 80000.0 -0.8 *
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 500000.0 790000.0 1.9 *
Cola acuminata Seed -- 340000.0 0.1 *
Colchicum autumnale Tuber -- 210000.0 -1.1 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf -- 700.0 -0.9 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 245000.0 262000.0 -0.2 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- 100000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Costus speciosus Rhizome -- 333333.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 41850.0 180000.0 -0.2 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit 150000.0 180000.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crocus sativus Silk Stigma Style 119900.0 130300.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Crotalaria juncea Seed -- 411000.0 0.4 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Root 259000.0 550000.0 1.0 *
Curcuma zedoaria Rhizome -- 500000.0 0.4 *
Curcuma xanthorrhiza Rhizome 300000.0 400000.0 -0.2 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome 300000.0 550000.0 0.7 *
Cycas revoluta Seed 68000.0 243700.0 -0.3 *
Cyperus rotundus Root -- 92000.0 -0.9 *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 10000.0 140000.0 -0.2 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- -- *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 135000.0 655340.0 1.4 *
Daucus carota Root 14800.0 25200.0 -1.2 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 48000.0 200000.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber -- 800000.0 1.4 *
Dioscorea alata Root 159000.0 743000.0 1.8 *
Drynaria fortunei Rhizome -- -- *
Durio zibethinus Fruit 80000.0 2857000.0 3.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Echinacea purpurea Root 30120.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 70000.0 400000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Seed 200000.0 400000.0 0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- 670000.0 1.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Gentiana lutea Root 35200.0 160000.0 -0.7 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 407400.0 680000.0 1.5 *
Gloriosa superba Bulb -- -- *
Glycine max Seed -- 10000.0 -1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Glycine max Tissue Culture -- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 7850.0 200000.0 -0.5 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Shoot -- 15000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber -- 262600.0 -0.9 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- 111000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hordeum vulgare Seed -- 620000.0 1.3 *
Hydnocarpus wightiana Fruit -- -- *
Hydrangea arborescens Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hydrastis canadensis Root 27700.0 180000.0 -0.6 *
Ipomoea purga Tuber -- -- *
Ipomoea batatas Root 118000.0 201000.0 -0.5 *
Iris x germanica Rhizome 200000.0 500000.0 0.4 *
Iris versicolor Rhizome -- -- *
Jateorhiza palmata Root 300000.0 350000.0 0.1 *
Jatropha curcas Seed -- -- *
Krameria triandra Root -- -- *
Lens culinaris Seed -- 285000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Levisticum officinale Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lindera benzoin Plant -- -- *
Linum usitatissimum Seed 2000.0 39000.0 -1.1 Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Lolium temulentum Seed -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 120.0 10000.0 -0.4 *
Lycoris radiata Bulb 200000.0 551000.0 *
Mangifera indica Seed -- 728000.0 1.7 *
Manihot esculenta Root 280000.0 828400.0 2.1 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 29800.0 64000.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Maranta arundinacea Rhizome 250000.0 695000.0 1.7 *
Medicago sativa Plant 11280.0 60000.0 -1.0 *
Melia azedarach Fruit -- -- *
Melilotus alba Seed -- 30000.0 -1.1 *
Musa x paradisiaca Stem -- 50000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 7000.0 17500.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myrica cerifera Bark 13080.0 60000.0 -0.4 *
Myrica cerifera Plant -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Seed -- 300000.0 -0.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Myristica fragrans Aril -- 317000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 92500.0 570988.0 0.9 *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf 10000.0 20000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Oenothera biennis Seed -- -- *
Oryza sativa Seed 722000.0 749000.0 1.8 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 97200.0 551645.0 0.4 *
Paeonia suffruticosa Root Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia officinalis Root 140000.0 200000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia moutan Root Bark -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root 25440.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Panax ginseng Rhizome -- -- *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 80000.0 320000.0 0.9 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root 19200.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Paullinia cupana Seed 50000.0 60000.0 -1.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 693000.0 1.6 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit -- 206000.0 -0.1 Abstract (See species file)
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 1800.0 8910.0 -0.4 *
Physostigma venenosum Seed 480000.0 500000.0 0.8 *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 16900.0 129020.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Seed -- 1.0 -1.3 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americana Root -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- 50000.0 -1.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinellia ternata Tuber -- 690000.0 0.9 *
Piper betel Leaf 10000.0 31000.0 -0.1 *
Piper nigrum Fruit 280000.0 565000.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper methysticum Root -- 430000.0 0.5 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Pistacia lentiscus Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pisum sativum Seed 329000.0 434000.0 0.5 *
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Polypodium vulgare Rhizome -- 63000.0 -2.4 *
Prosopis juliflora Fruit -- 163600.0 -0.2 *
Prunus persica Seed -- 36000.0 -1.1 *
Psidium guajava Seed 130000.0 132000.0 -0.7 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 698400.0 1.6 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pteridium aquilinum Rhizome -- 450000.0 0.1 *
Pueraria pseudohirsuta Root 100000.0 150000.0 -0.7 *
Pueraria montana Root 130000.0 400000.0 0.4 *
Punica granatum Seed -- -- -1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Quillaja saponaria Bark -- -- *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 126000.0 203000.0 -0.4 *
Rheum officinale Root 150000.0 160000.0 -0.7 *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit -- 15000.0 -0.4 *
Rosa canina Fruit 33660.0 180000.0 -0.2 *
Rumex hymenosepalus Plant 250000.0 400000.0 1.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ruscus aculeatus Root 36240.0 120000.0 -0.8 *
Salix alba Bark -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sanguinaria canadensis Plant -- -- *
Sassafras albidum Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Senna obtusifolia Seed -- 2000.0 -1.2 *
Sesamum indicum Seed 150000.0 200000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Simaba cedron Seed -- 360000.0 0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Smilax officinalis Root 52500.0 250000.0 -0.3 *
Smilax spp Root 52500.0 250000.0 -0.3 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 150000.0 800000.0 1.4 *
Stellaria media Plant 9960.0 120000.0 -0.6 *
Stellaria media Root -- 15300.0 -1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia bellirica Leaf 99800.0 127000.0 2.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Teucrium montanum Leaf -- 22000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacao Seed 50000.0 90000.0 -0.9 *
Theobroma cacao Hb -- 60000.0 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 19500.0 150000.0 -0.6 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 542000.0 800000.0 2.0 *
Tulipa gesneriana Bulb -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Turnera diffusa Branches -- 60000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Turnera diffusa Leaf 10500.0 50000.0 0.4 *
Ulmus rubra Bark 13120.0 210000.0 1.9 *
Uncaria catechu Plant -- -- *
Viburnum prunifolium Bark -- 55000.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vigna aconitifolia Seed -- 266000.0 -0.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 390000.0 400000.0 0.4 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 390000.0 400000.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viscum album Stem -- -- *
Withania somnifera Root -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 257000.0 805640.0 2.0 *
Zea mays Seed -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 123000.0 500000.0 0.4 *
Zingiber officinale Root 35000.0 600000.0 1.2 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.