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Total Plants: 112
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Aesculus hippocastanum Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ailanthus altissima Plant -- -- *
Allium ampeloprasum Plant -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Leaf -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Flower -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Root -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Root -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Shoot -- 2.0 *
Anethum graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Fruit -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Seed -- -- *
Angelica archangelica Tissue Culture -- -- *
Angelica dahurica Root -- -- *
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Angelica archangelica Root -- -- *
Apium graveolens Plant -- -- *
Apium graveolens Leaf -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot -- -- *
Artemisia abrotanum Plant -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- -- *
Artemisia capillaris Bud -- -- *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Artemisia dracunculus Plant -- -- *
Artemisia annua Plant -- -- *
Atropa bella-donna Root -- -- *
Avena sativa Root -- 10.0 -1.0 *
Avena sativa Sprout Seedling -- -- *
Azadirachta indica Plant -- -- *
Baptisia tinctoria Plant -- -- *
Brunfelsia uniflorus Plant -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- -- *
Capsicum annuum Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carum carvi Plant -- -- Wealth of India.
Carum carvi Root -- -- *
Casimiroa edulis Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Centaurea cyanus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Chenopodium album Plant -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Cichorium intybus Plant -- -- *
Citrus paradisi Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus limon Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limon Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coffea arabica Seed -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Shoot -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Datura innoxia Plant -- -- *
Datura stramonium Plant -- -- *
Daucus carota Root -- -- *
Duboisia myoporoides Shoot -- -- Plouvier, V. 1987. Occurrence and distribution of syringoside, skimmin and similar coumarin glycosides and loganin in several botanical groups. C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. III, 305(6): 183-186.
Eleutherococcus senticosus Stem Bark -- -- *
Ficus carica Leaf -- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Gelsemium sempervirens Root -- -- *
Glehnia littoralis Root -- -- *
Glehnia littoralis Rhizome -- -- *
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Shoot -- 2.0 *
Helianthus annuus Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Root Bark -- -- *
Hordeum vulgare Protoplast -- -- *
Hordeum vulgare Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- -- *
Inula helenium Shoot -- -- *
Inula helenium Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Ipomoea purga Tuber -- -- *
Lawsonia inermis Leaf -- -- *
Lycium chinense Leaf -- 30.0 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycium barbarum Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Lycium chinense Fruit 9.0 19.0 -0.5 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Mandragora officinarum Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Medicago sativa Fruit -- 120.0 1.4 *
Medicago sativa Plant -- -- *
Melia azedarach Leaf -- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliata Plant -- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliata Shoot -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Morinda citrifolia Fruit -- 0.85 -0.9 *
Morus alba Leaf -- -- *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Passiflora incarnata Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Pimpinella anisum Tissue Culture -- 25000.0 *
Pimpinella anisum Leaf -- -- *
Polygonum multiflorum Plant -- -- *
Prunella vulgaris Plant -- -- *
Prunella vulgaris Shoot -- -- *
Prunus serotina Bark -- -- *
Quercus rubra Wood -- -- *
Rhododendron dauricum Plant -- -- *
Ruta graveolens Plant -- -- *
Scopolia carniolica Rhizome -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Simaba multiflora Wood -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Skimmia arborescens Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solanum tuberosum Tuber Epidermis -- -- *
Solanum melongena Fruit -- -- *
Sonchus oleraceus Plant -- -- *
Sterculia urens Bark -- -- *
Taraxacum officinale Flower -- -- *
Urtica dioica Plant 1.0 10.0 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Urtica dioica Root 3.0 36.0 1.0 *
Urtica dioica Flower -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Plant -- -- *
Viburnum opulus Bark -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viburnum prunifolium Fruit Juice -- -- *
Viburnum prunifolium Root Bark 4.0 90.0 1.0 *
Viburnum opulus Root Bark -- 7.5 -1.0 *
Viola odorata Plant -- -- *
Withania somnifera Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zizyphus jujuba Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.