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Total Plants: 77
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abies alba Plant -- -- *
Acacia farnesiana Flower -- -- *
Acacia farnesiana Plant -- -- *
Achillea millefolium Plant -- -- Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Actaea racemosa Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actaea cimicifuga Rhizome -- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoria Plant -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb -- 1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Althaea officinalis Flower -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Leaf -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Root -- -- *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit -- -- *
Arachis hypogaea Seed -- 18.0 1.0 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- 3.0 -1.0 *
Artemisia absinthium Plant -- -- *
Beta vulgaris Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Betula lenta Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Bixa orellana Plant -- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf -- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Calea zacatechichi Plant -- -- *
Calendula officinalis Plant -- 0.34 -0.7 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Cananga odorata Flower -- -- *
Centaurea cyanus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cimicifuga racemosa Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Colchicum autumnale Plant -- -- *
Cucurbita pepo Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Dipteryx odorata Leaf -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Filipendula ulmaria Stem -- 16.0 *
Filipendula ulmaria Flower -- -- *
Fragaria spp Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Gloriosa superba Bulb -- -- *
Glycine max Seed -- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Rhizome -- 567.0 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root -- 567.0 1.0 *
Gossypium sp Root -- -- *
Hedeoma pulegioides Plant -- -- *
Hordeum vulgare Shoot -- 1.0 *
Iris versicolor Rhizome -- -- *
Jasminum officinale Leaf -- -- *
Matricaria recutita Plant -- -- *
Medicago sativa Shoot -- -- *
Melilotus officinalis Plant -- -- Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Melilotus officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil -- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliata Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Oenothera biennis Plant -- -- *
Ononis spinosa Root -- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Panax ginseng Root -- 3.4 -1.0 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant -- -- *
Pisum sativum Plant -- -- *
Plantago major Plant -- 1.0 -0.7 *
Polygonum aviculare Plant -- -- *
Polypodium vulgare Leaf -- -- *
Ribes rubrum Fruit -- -- *
Rosa multiflora Fruit -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Plant -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salix alba Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Salvia officinalis Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Solidago gigantea Plant -- 35.0 1.4 *
Stachytarpheta cayennensis Plant -- -- *
Taxus baccata Leaf 0.001 4.0 1.0 *
Trifolium pratense Flower -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Triticum aestivum Seed 3.0 4.0 -1.0 *
Ulmus rubra Bark -- 23.0 Luo, W., Ang, C. Y. W., Schmitt, T. C., Betz, J. M. 1998. Determination of Salicin and Related Compounds in Botanical Dietary Supplements by Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection. J Aoac Int, 81(4): 757-762.
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf -- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- *
Viburnum prunifolium Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Viola odorata Leaf -- -- *
Viola tricolor Flower -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Root -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Leaf -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.