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Total Plants: 39
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Agastache rugosa Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Anethum graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Plant 125.0 360.0 0.6 *
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Angelica sinensis Root Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Asiasarum heterotropoides Root -- -- *
Asiasarum sieboldii Root -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Cananga odorata Flower -- -- *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cinnamomum camphora Leaf -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil 6500.0 23000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Plant -- -- *
Ephedra sinica Shoot -- 2.0 *
Hamamelis virginiana Leaf -- 10.0 -0.7 *
Illicium verum Plant -- -- *
Illicium verum Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Juniperus virginiana Leaf -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil 1000.0 60000.0 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 120.0 2720.0 *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil 1000.0 33000.0 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 60.0 400.0 0.8 *
Pimpinella anisum Essential Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper cubeba Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Piper auritum Leaf 3290.0 4930.0 1.4 *
Rheum palmatum Rhizome -- 2.0 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 32.0 95.0 -1.4 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf -- -- -0.7 *
Sassafras albidum Root 8000.0 81000.0 *
Tamarindus indica Fruit -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Umbellularia californica Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.