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Total Plants: 39
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Sassafras albidum Root 8000.0 81000.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil 6500.0 23000.0 *
Piper auritum Leaf 3290.0 4930.0 1.4 *
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil 1000.0 60000.0 *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil 1000.0 33000.0 *
Anethum graveolens Plant 125.0 360.0 0.6 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 120.0 2720.0 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 60.0 400.0 0.8 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 32.0 95.0 -1.4 *
Umbellularia californica Plant -- -- *
Juniperus virginiana Leaf -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper cubeba Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Angelica sinensis Root Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Illicium verum Fruit -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anethum graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Rheum palmatum Rhizome -- 2.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.