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Total Plants: 263
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia catechu Plant -- -- *
Acacia farnesiana Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Acacia decurrens Plant -- -- *
Achillea millefolium Plant -- -- Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Adiantum capillus-veneris Leaf -- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanum Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanum Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agathosma betulina Essential Oil -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoria Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Agrimonia eupatoria Inflorescence -- 1700.0 *
Alisma plantago-aquatica Leaf -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Allium cepa Bulb -- 14000.0 *
Amaranthus sp. Plant -- -- *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Ammi visnaga Leaf -- -- *
Ammi visnaga Flower -- -- *
Anastatica hierochuntica Plant -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.9 Varnaite, R. 1988. Rutin Content in Capsicum, Capsella, Urtica, Primula, Lepidium, Lactuca, Brassica, Anethum, Beta, Petroselinum, Allium Genera Representatives. Liet Tsr Mokslu Akad Darb Ser C, 4: 29-32.
Apium graveolens Shoot -- 170.0 -0.6 *
Apium graveolens Plant -- 170.0 -0.7 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant -- -- *
Araucaria bidwillii Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Artemisia abrotanum Plant -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot 100.0 560.0 -0.5 *
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- -- *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Artemisia absinthium Plant -- -- *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Asparagus officinalis Root -- -- *
Azadirachta indica Leaf -- -- *
Barosma betulina Essential Oil -- -- *
Berberis vulgaris Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Shoot -- 20.0 -0.6 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf -- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Flower -- -- *
Calendula officinalis Flower -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 1200.0 1580.0 -0.9 *
Capparis spinosa Plant -- -- *
Capparis spinosa Shoot -- -- *
Capparis spinosa Flower -- -- *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant -- -- *
Capsicum annuum Fruit -- 3874.0 -0.2 Varnaite, R. 1988. Rutin Content in Capsicum, Capsella, Urtica, Primula, Lepidium, Lactuca, Brassica, Anethum, Beta, Petroselinum, Allium Genera Representatives. Liet Tsr Mokslu Akad Darb Ser C, 4: 29-32.
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- 487.0 -0.6 Varnaite, R. 1988. Rutin Content in Capsicum, Capsella, Urtica, Primula, Lepidium, Lactuca, Brassica, Anethum, Beta, Petroselinum, Allium Genera Representatives. Liet Tsr Mokslu Akad Darb Ser C, 4: 29-32.
Centaurea calcitrapa Plant -- -- *
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Leaf -- 14000.0 -0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Seed -- 6400.0 0.1 *
Citrullus lanatus Seed 15000.0 16500.0 1.6 *
Citrus sinensis Pericarp -- 6100.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limon Fruit 1.0 2.0 -0.7 *
Citrus sinensis Leaf -- 9000.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limon Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Convallaria majalis Plant -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Shoot -- -- *
Cornus mas Leaf -- -- Delaveau, P., Paris, R. R. 1961. Concerning the Presence of Rutoside and Gallic Derivatives from the Flowers of Cornus mas and Preliminary Research with C. sanguinea. Bull Soc Chim Biol, 43: 661-666.
Cornus mas Flower -- -- Delaveau, P., Paris, R. R. 1961. Concerning the Presence of Rutoside and Gallic Derivatives from the Flowers of Cornus mas and Preliminary Research with C. sanguinea. Bull Soc Chim Biol, 43: 661-666.
Crataegus monogyna Inflorescence -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Bud -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Plant -- -- *
Crataegus pentagyna Plant -- -- Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
Crataegus rhipidophylla Inflorescence -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Flower -- -- *
Crataegus monogyna Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Bud -- -- *
Crataegus monogyna Flower -- -- *
Cucumis melo Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Cymbopogon citratus Leaf -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Datura stramonium Plant -- -- *
Dictamnus albus Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dodonaea viscosa Leaf -- -- *
Dodonaea viscosa Fruit -- -- *
Echinacea purpurea Leaf -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Echinacea spp Leaf -- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Eriobotrya japonica Leaf -- 10500.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Erythroxylum novogranatense Leaf -- 5000.0 -0.7 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf -- 5000.0 -0.7 *
Eschscholzia californica Inflorescence -- -- *
Eschscholzia californica Flower 5000.0 50000.0 0.0 *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- 12500.0 -0.2 *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf -- -- -1.0 *
Eucalyptus macrorrhuncha Plant 120000.0 200000.0 2.3 *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant -- -- *
Euphorbia pulcherrima Leaf -- -- *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant -- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentum Leaf 11600.0 63700.0 3.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 87.0 511.0 -0.8 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Flower 40000.0 63700.0 0.2 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Stem 600.0 50600.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Petiole 505.0 975.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Plant 1000.0 68300.0 0.3 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Testa -- 43.0 *
Fallopia japonica Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus carica Leaf 500.0 14300.0 -0.1 *
Ficus carica Fruit -- -- *
Filipendula ulmaria Shoot -- -- *
Filipendula ulmaria Plant -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- -- *
Forsythia suspensa Flower -- 1000.0 -0.7 *
Forsythia suspensa Fruit -- -- *
Galega officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 6.0 30000.0 0.9 Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo biloba Plant -- -- Tyler, V.E.. 1982. The Honest Herbal. George F. Stickley Co., Philadelphia PA. 263 pp.
Glechoma hederacea Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Shoot -- -- *
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Leaf -- 53.0 -1.0 *
Gossypium sp Plant -- -- *
Hedera helix Stem -- -- *
Hemidesmus indicus Flower -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Leaf -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Shoot -- 1200.0 -0.5 *
Houttuynia cordata Plant -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Root -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Humulus lupulus Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.9 *
Hydrangea paniculata Flower -- 41000.0 -0.1 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hyoscyamus niger Leaf -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Flower 1000.0 2800.0 -0.7 *
Hypericum perforatum Stem -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Leaf 2000.0 3000.0 -0.8 *
Hypericum perforatum Shoot -- 10000.0 0.2 *
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- 16000.0 -0.4 *
Ilex paraguariensis Leaf -- -- *
Illicium verum Fruit -- -- *
Juniperus communis Fruit -- -- *
Juniperus communis Leaf -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Leaf -- -- *
Leonurus cardiaca Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Ligustrum lucidum Leaf -- -- *
Lycium chinense Leaf -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf -- 24000.0 0.5 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Maclura pomifera Wood -- -- Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Magnolia kobus Flower -- 500.0 -0.8 *
Magnolia denudata Flower -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit Juice -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit Epidermis -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit -- -- *
Malus domestica Leaf -- 8885.0 -0.5 *
Malus domestica Pericarp -- -- *
Matricaria recutita Flower -- -- *
Matricaria recutita Plant -- -- *
Melia azedarach Leaf -- -- *
Mentha x piperita Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Menyanthes trifoliata Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mercurialis annua Plant -- -- *
Morinda citrifolia Fruit -- 500.0 -0.6 *
Morus alba Fruit -- -- *
Morus alba Leaf 20000.0 60000.0 2.7 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nasturtium officinale Shoot -- -- *
Nelumbo nucifera Embryo -- -- *
Nerium oleander Leaf -- -- *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf -- 10000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nicotiana glauca Leaf 12000.0 21000.0 0.3 *
Nigella sativa Seed -- 200.0 -0.9 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf -- -- *
Olea europaea Pericarp -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Opuntia ficus-indica Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Opuntia ficus-indica Pt -- -- *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Origanum majorana Shoot -- -- *
Passiflora incarnata Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Pastinaca sativa Plant -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Leaf -- 30000.0 0.9 *
Petroselinum crispum Shoot -- 44480.0 2.7 Varnaite, R. 1988. Rutin Content in Capsicum, Capsella, Urtica, Primula, Lepidium, Lactuca, Brassica, Anethum, Beta, Petroselinum, Allium Genera Representatives. Liet Tsr Mokslu Akad Darb Ser C, 4: 29-32.
Phaseolus vulgaris Shoot -- -- *
Phaseolus aborigineus Shoot -- -- *
Phoenix dactylifera Pollen Or Spore -- -- Abstract (See species file)
Phyllanthus niruri Plant -- -- Tramil
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit -- 4600.0 -0.1 *
Phyllanthus emblica Leaf -- 21000.0 0.3 *
Phyllanthus amarus Shoot -- 1378.0 -0.5 *
Physalis peruviana Root -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Plumeria acutifolia Plant -- -- *
Polygonum aviculare Plant -- -- *
Polygonum hydropiper Leaf 25000.0 30000.0 0.9 *
Prunella vulgaris Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Prunus spinosa Flower -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit -- -- *
Prunus cerasus Plant -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Leaf -- 17700.0 0.1 *
Pteridium aquilinum Plant -- -- *
Pueraria montana Leaf -- -- *
Punica granatum Fruit Juice -- -- *
Punica granatum Plant -- -- Seeram, N. P., Schulman, R. N., and Heber, D., eds. 2006. Pomegranates - Ancient Roots to Modern Medicine. Taylor & Francis. Boca Raton, FL. 244 pp.
Punica granatum Leaf -- -- *
Rheum officinale Root -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rheum officinale Plant -- 13000.0 -0.5 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf -- 6000.0 -0.6 *
Ribes nigrum Leaf -- -- *
Ribes nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Ribes nigrum Fruit Juice -- -- *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.9 *
Rosa multiflora Fruit -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Rumex acetosa Leaf -- 12800.0 -0.2 *
Rumex crispus Leaf -- -- *
Rumex acetosella Shoot -- 5300.0 -0.2 *
Ruscus aculeatus Shoot -- -- *
Ruscus aculeatus Plant 300.0 400.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ruscus aculeatus Root 91.0 400.0 *
Ruta graveolens Plant -- 20000.0 -0.4 *
Salix alba Bark -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Salix alba Leaf -- -- *
Sambucus canadensis Flower 7700.0 52000.0 0.0 *
Sambucus nigra Leaf 210.0 9200.0 -0.4 *
Sambucus nigra Flower 19000.0 25000.0 -0.4 *
Sambucus canadensis Leaf 35000.0 38000.0 1.4 *
Scopolia carniolica Leaf -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Selenicereus grandiflorus Flower -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Serenoa repens Fruit -- -- *
Smilax china Leaf -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Shoot -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Flower -- -- *
Solidago gigantea Leaf -- -- *
Solidago virgaurea Leaf -- -- *
Sophora japonica Leaf -- 40000.0 1.5 *
Sophora japonica Bud 176000.0 229000.0 *
Sophora japonica Fruit -- 25000.0 2.2 *
Sophora japonica Flower 128000.0 140000.0 1.4 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Shoot -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- 170.0 -1.0 *
Stellaria media Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Stevia rebaudiana Tissue Culture -- 7.0 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Syringa vulgaris Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf -- -- *
Terminalia chebula Fruit -- -- Polovyanov, G. G. 1974. Flavonoids from the Fruit of the Yellow Myrobalan Plum. Chem. Nat. Comp. 10 (5): 690-.
Teucrium scordium Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium scorodonia Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacao Leaf -- -- *
Tribulus terrestris Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Trigonella foenum-graecum Leaf -- -- *
Tussilago farfara Flower -- 3600.0 -0.7 *
Uncaria tomentosa Bark -- -- Van Ginkel, A. 1996. Identification of the Alkaloids and Flavonoids from Uncaria tomentosa Bark by TLC in Quality Control. Phytotherapy Research, 10: S18-S19.
Uncaria guianensis Bark -- -- Van Ginkel, A. 1996. Identification of the Alkaloids and Flavonoids from Uncaria tomentosa Bark by TLC in Quality Control. Phytotherapy Research, 10: S18-S19.
Urtica dioica Shoot 500.0 6000.0 -0.1 *
Urtica dioica Flower -- 7000.0 -0.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioica Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioica Inflorescence -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioica Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Plant -- -- *
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling -- -- *
Viola odorata Flower -- 20000.0 -0.5 *
Viola tricolor Flower 100000.0 230000.0 2.8 *
Vitis vinifera Leaf -- -- *
Withania somnifera Leaf -- -- *
Xylopia aethiopica Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 15000.0 -0.1 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.