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Total Plants: 189
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Styrax tonkinensis Gum 700000.0 800000.0 1.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Thevetia peruviana Latex Exudate 674000.0 697000.0 0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Boswellia sacra Latex Exudate 600000.0 700000.0 0.9 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Ferula assa-foetida Plant 400000.0 640000.0 3.1 Tucker, A. O. and Debaggio, T. 2000. The Big Book of Herbs. Interweave Press, Inc. Loveland, CO. 688 pp.
Commiphora myrrha Resin, Exudate, Sap 200000.0 400000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Maclura pomifera Fruit 166640.0 216900.0 2.0 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Ipomoea purga Tuber 100000.0 200000.0 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 80000.0 100000.0 0.5 *
Podophyllum hexandrum Leaf 78000.0 97000.0 2.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Podophyllum hexandrum Rhizome 60000.0 200000.0 0.4 *
Copaifera spp Gum 60000.0 540000.0 -1.0 *
Santalum album Wood 50000.0 80000.0 -0.2 *
Salvia officinalis Plant 50000.0 60000.0 -0.5 *
Larrea tridentata Plant 49350.0 200000.0 0.3 *
Lagochilus inebrians Plant 30000.0 90000.0 -0.3 *
Podophyllum peltatum Plant 30000.0 60000.0 -0.5 *
Lawsonia inermis Leaf 20000.0 30000.0 -1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Turnera diffusa Leaf 13650.0 65000.0 0.5 *
Croton tiglium Seed 10000.0 34000.0 -1.1 *
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 8800.0 80000.0 1.2 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.